- odour, smell, scent in gen Ja.iii.189; Dhp.54–Dhp.56 = Mil.333; Dhs.605 under ghānâyatanāni); āma˚ smell of raw flesh AN.i.280; DN.ii.242; Snp.241 sq; maccha˚ the scent of fish Ja.iii.52; muttakarīsa˚ the smell of faeces and urine AN.iii.158; catujāti˚ four kinds of scent Ja.i.265; Pv-a.127; dibba-g˚puppha a flower of heavenly odour Ja.i.289.
- odour smell in particular: enumerated as mūla˚, sāra˚ puppha˚, etc., SN.iii.156 = SN.v.44 = AN.v.22; Dhs.625 (under ghandāyatanāni, sphere of odours). Specified as māla˚, sāra˚, puppha˚ under tīṇi gandhajātāni AN.i.225-puppha˚ Dhp.54 = AN.i.226.
- smell as olfactory sensation, belonging to the sphere (āyatanāni) of sense-impressions and sensory objects & enum. in set of the 12 ajjhatta-bāhirāni āyatanāni (see under rūpa with ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā “sensing smell by means of the olfactory organ” DN.iii.102; DN.iii.244 = DN.iii.250 DN.iii.269 = Nd ii.on rūpa; MN.iii.55, MN.iii.267; SN.iv.71; Vin.i.35 Defined at Vism.447. Also as gandhā ghānaviññeyya under kāmaguṇā MN.ii.42; DN.iii.234, etc. In series of 10 attributes of physical quality (-rūpa, etc.) as characteristic of devas DN.iii.146; Pv.ii.9#58; as sāra˚, pheggu˚ taca˚, etc. (nine qualities in all) in definition of Gandhabba-kāyikā devā SN.iii.250 sq
■ In the same sense & similar connections: vaṇṇa-g˚-ras’ûpeto Dhp.49; Ja.ii.106; gandhānaṃ khamo & akkhamo (of king’s elephant) AN.iii.158 sq.; itthi˚, purisa˚ AN.i.1, AN.i.2; AN.iii.68 in combination w. other four senses Snp.387, Snp.759, Snp.974.
- perfume, prepared odorific substance used as a toilet requisite, either in form of an unguent or a powder. Abstinence from the use of kallaesthetics is stated in the Sīlas (DN.i.8) as characteristic of certain Wanderers and Brahmins. Here gandha is mentioned together with mālā (flowers, garlands): DN.i.5 = Kp ii.DN.i.7 (˚kathā); Vin.ii.123; Snp.401; Ja.i.50, Ja.i.291; Pv-a.62. The use of scented ointment (-vilepana & ālepa see compounds) is allowed to the Buddhist bhikkhus (Vin.i.206); and the giving of this, together with other commodities, is included in the second part of the deyyadhamma (the list of meritorious gifts to the Sangha), under Nos. 5–14 (anna-pāna-vattha-yānamālā-gandhā-vilepana-seyy-âvasatha-padīpeyya): SN.iii.252 Cnd.523 = Iti.65..Out of this enumeration g˚-m˚-v˚-Pv ii.3#16; chatta-g˚-m˚-upāhanā Pv.ii.4#9ii.936; m˚-g˚-v˚ kappūra-kaṭukapphalāni Ja.ii.416 The application of scented ointment (gandhena or gandhehi vilimpati) is customary after a bath, e.g. Pv-a.50 (on Pv.i.10#6) Ja.i.254 Ja.i.265 Ja.iii.277 Various kinds of perfumes or scented substances are given as g˚dhūpa-cuṇṇa-kappūra (incense, powder, camphor) Ja.i.290 vāsa-cuṇṇa-dhūpanādi g˚ Kp-a.37 ‣See also compounds. Gandha occurs as variant reading for gantha (book).
duggandha a disagreeable smell Dhs.625; ˚ṃ vāyati to emit a nasty odour Pv-a.14; as adj. having a bad smell, putrid Snp.205; Pv-a.15 (= pūtigandha), (f.) -ā duggandhā pūti vāyasi “you emit a bad odour” Pv.i.6#1 (= aniṭṭha˚). -sugandha an agreeable smell Dhs.625; as adj. of pleasant smell Ja.iii.277; Sdhp.246.
-āpaṇa a perfumery shop Ja.i.290; ˚ika perfume seller Mil.344; -āyatana an olfactory sense-relation, belonging to the six bāhirāni āyatanāni, the objective sensations DN.iii.243, DN.iii.290; Dhs.585, Dhs.625, Dhs.655; -ārammaṇa bearing on smell, having smell as its object Dhs.147, Dhs.157, Dhs.365 Dhs.410, Dhs.556, Dhs.608; -ālepa (nt.) anointing with perfumes Vin.i.206; -āsā “hunger for odours,” craving for olfactory sensations Dhs.1059; -odaka scented water Ja.i.50; Ja.ii.106; Ja.iii.189; -karaṇḍaka a perfume-box SN.iii.131; SN.v.351; Pp.34; -kuṭī (f.) a perfumed cabin name of a room or hut occupied by the Buddha, esp that made for him by Anāthapiṇḍika in Jetavana (Ja.i.92). Gotamassa g˚ Ja.ii.416, cp. Avs.ii.40#2 Dhp-a.iv.203, Dhp-a.iv.206; -cuṇṇa scented (bath-) powder Ja.iii.277; -jāta (nt.) odour, perfume (“consisting of smell”). Three kinds at AN.i.225 (māla˚, sāra˚, puppha˚); enum. as candanādi Dhp-a.i.423; in definition of gandha DN-a.i.77
■ Dhp.55; -taṇhā thirst or craving for odours (cp. g˚-āsā) Dhs.1059 = Nd ii.on jappā; -tela scented oil (for a lamp) Ja.i.61; Ja.ii.104; Dhp-a.i.205 -tthena a perfume-thief SN.i.204; -dhātu the (sensory element of smell Dhs.585; Dhs.625. Dhs.707 (in conn. w. ˚āyatana); -pañcaṅgulika see sep.; -sañcetanā the olfactory sensation; together with -saññā perception of odours DN.iii.244; AN.iv.147; AN.v.359; -sannidhi the storing up of scented unguents DN.i.6 (= DN-a.i.82).
Vedic gandha, from ghrā ghrāti to smell, ghrāna smell, & see P. ghāna. Possibly conn. w. Lat. fragro E. fragrant