death; usually personified as Np. Death, the Evil one, the Tempter (the Buddhist Devil or Principle of Destruction) Sometimes the term māra is applied to the whole of the worldly existence, or the realm of rebirth, as opposed to Nibbāna. Thus the defn of m. at Cnd.506 gives “kammâbhisankhāra-vasena paṭisandhiko khandha- māro, dhātu˚, āyatana˚
■ Other general epithets of M (quasi twin-embodiments) are given with Kaṇha Adhipati, Antaka, Namuci, Pamattabandhu at Mnd.489 = Cnd.507; the two last ones also at Mnd.455. The usual standing epithet is pāpimā “the evil one,” e.g. SN.i.103 sq. (the famous Māra-Saṃyutta: see Windisch Māra & Buddha;); Mnd.439; Dhp-a.iv.71 (Māravatthu & freq
■ See e.g. Snp.32, Snp.422, Snp.429 sq., Snp.1095, Snp.1103; Dhp.7, Dhp.40, Dhp.46, Dhp.57, Dhp.105, Dhp.175, Dhp.274; Mnd.475; Vism.79, Vism.228 Vism.376; Kp-a.105; Snp-a.37, Snp-a.44 sq., Snp-a.225, Snp-a.350 sq., Snp-a.386 sq. Sdhp.318, Sdhp.449, Sdhp.609. Further refs. & details see under Proper Names.

  • -ābhibhū overcoming M. or death Snp.545 = Snp.571
  • -kāyika a class of gods Mil.285; Kvu-a.54.
  • -dhītaro the daughters of M. Snp-a.544.
  • -dheyya being under the sway of M.; the realm or kingdom of Māra AN.iv.228; Snp.764; Dhp.34 (= kilesa-vaṭṭa Dhp-a.i.289).
  • -bandhana the fetter of death Dhp.37, Dhp.276, Dhp.350 (= tebhūmaka-vaṭṭasankhātaṃ Dhp-a.iv.69).
  • -senā the army of M. Snp.561 Snp.563; Snp-a.528.

fr. mṛ; later Vedic, māra killing, destroying, bringing death, pestilence, cp. Lat. mors death, morbus illness, Lith. māras death, pestilence