Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

senā, 289 találat.

sena →

bodhirasa

hawk

JA 492 tacchasūkara jātakaṃ

eko'va indo asure jināti, eko'va seno hanti dije pasayha, eko'va byaggho migasaṅghapatto, varaṃ varaṃ hanti balañ'hi tādisaṃ.

senā →

bodhirasa

army

SN 6.14 aruṇavatīsuttaṃ

ārabbhatha nikkhamatha, yuñjatha buddhasāsane, dhunātha maccuno senaṃ, naḷāgāraṃ'va kuñjaro.

sena →

pts

Sena1

lying, sleeping; couch, bed Ja.v.96 (= sayana).

= sayana

Sena2

a hawk Ja.i.273; Ja.ii.51, Ja.ii.60; Dhp-a.ii.267.

Sk. śyena

senā →

pts

…an army Vin.iv.107; DN.i.6; Pts.ii.213; DN-a.i.85 (-vyūha).

Vedic senā2 perhaps fr. si to bind

asāhasena →

bodhirasa

slowly, not indiscriminately, not arbitrarily, not jumping (to conclusions)

DHP 257 dhammaṭṭhavaggo

asāhasena dhammena, samena nayatī pare, dhammassa gutto medhāvī, dhammaṭṭho'ti pavuccati.

bhūmisenāpati →

bodhirasa

ruler of the land and the army

DN 19.11 mahāgovindasuttaṃ

sace te ūnaṃ kāmehi, ahaṃ paripūrayāmi te, yo taṃ hiṃsati vāremi, bhūmisenāpati ahaṃ.

ekaṃsena →

bodhirasa

certainly, definitely, absolutely, categorically, lit. one point-ness

AN 8.53 saṃkhittasuttaṃ

ekaṃsena gotami dhāreyyāsi eso dhammo eso vinayo etaṃ satthusāsanan'ti

AN 3.68 kathāvatthusuttaṃ

sac'āyaṃ, bhikkhave, puggalo pañhaṃ puṭṭho samāno ekaṃsabyākaraṇīyaṃ pañhaṃ na ekaṃsena byākaroti, vibhajjabyākaraṇīyaṃ pañhaṃ na vibhajja byākaroti, paṭipucchābyākaraṇīyaṃ pañhaṃ na paṭipucchā byākaroti, ṭhapanīyaṃ pañhaṃ na ṭhapeti, evaṃ sant'āyaṃ, bhikkhave, puggalo akaccho hoti.

mārasenā →

bodhirasa

army of death, Māra’s army

VIN 4.1.1 bodhikathā

yadā have pātubhavanti dhammā, ātāpino jhāyato brāhmaṇassa, vidhūpayaṃ tiṭṭhati mārasenaṃ, sūriyo'va obhāsayam'antalikkhan'ti.

pantasenāsana →

bodhirasa

secluded dwelling, remote lodging

AN 5.114 andhakavindasuttaṃ

etha tumhe, āvuso, āraññikā hotha, araññavanapatthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevathā'ti, iti kāyavūpakāse samādapetabbā nivesetabbā patiṭṭhāpetabbā

AN 10.8 jhānasuttaṃ

yato ca kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti, sīlavā ca, bahussuto ca, dhammakathiko ca, parisāvacaro ca, visārado ca parisāya dhammaṃ deseti, vinayadharo ca, āraññiko ca pantasenāsano … evaṃ so ten'aṅgena paripūro hoti.

paṭisenā →

bodhirasa

opposition, resistance, retaliation

SNP 52 tuvaṭakasuttaṃ aṭṭhakavaggo 14

sutvā rusito bahuṃ vācaṃ, samaṇānaṃ vā puthujanānaṃ, pharusena ne na paṭivajjā, na hi santo paṭiseni-karonti.

SNP 46 pasūrasuttaṃ aṭṭhakavaggo 8

ye diṭṭhim'uggayha vivādayanti, idam'eva saccan'ti ca vādayanti, te tvaṃ vadassū na hi tedha atthi, vādamhi jāte paṭiseni-kattā.

senāpati →

bodhirasa

leader of the army, military general

DN 19.11 mahāgovindasuttaṃ

sace te ūnaṃ kāmehi, ahaṃ paripūrayāmi te, yo taṃ hiṃsati vāremi, bhūmi-senāpati ahaṃ.

senāsana →

bodhirasa

housing, living place, lodging, lit. bed and chair

AN 7.61 pacalāyamānasuttaṃ

yāni ca kho tāni senāsanāni appasaddāni appanigghosāni vijanavātāni manussa-rāhaseyyakāni paṭisallānasāruppāni tathārūpehi senāsanehi saṃsaggaṃ vaṇṇayāmī'ti

MN 40 cūḷāssapurasuttaṃ

yesañ'ca mayaṃ cīvara-piṇḍapāta-senāsana-gilānappaccaya-bhesajja-parikkhāraṃ paribhuñjāma, tesaṃ te kārā amhesu mahapphalā bhavissanti mahānisaṃsā

senāsana →

bodhirasa

bed and chair, bedding and seating

SN 22.81 pālileyyasuttaṃ

kosambiyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto sāmaṃ senāsanaṃ saṃsāmetvā pattacīvaram'ādāya anāmantetvā upaṭṭhāke anapaloketvā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ eko adutiyo cārikaṃ pakkāmi

aciravata →

dppn

A novice who had a conversation with Prince Jayasena on the life of the bhikkhu. Aciravata repeats this conversation to the Buddha who thereupon preaches the Dantabhūmi Sutta. MN.iii.128ff.

The nov …

aciravatī →

dppn

A river, the modern Rāpti in Uttar Pradesh; one of the pañca-mahānadī, Vin.ii.237 the five great rivers flowing from the Himālaya eastwards (pācīnaninnā) SN.v.39 into the sea. During the hot seas …

aggivessana →

dppn

Probably the name of a brahmin clan, the Agnivesyāyanas, and the Ksatriyas who were so styled, took the name from their brahmin priests.

The name is used by the Buddha in addressing Saccaka Nigaṇṭhap …

ajitakesakambala →

dppn

AjitakesakambalaKesakambalaAjita

Head of one of the six heretical sects mentioned in the Pitakas as being contemporaneous with the Buddha. He is described as a Titthaka (non-Buddhist teacher), leade …

ajātasattu →

dppn

AjātasattuVedehiputta

Son of Bimbisāra, King of Māgadha, and therefore half-brother to Abhayarājakumāra. He murdered his father to gain the throne, and conspired with Devadatta to kill the Buddha, b …

aputtaka →

dppn

A wealthy burgess of Sāvatthī who died intestate. In the Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.89–91 we find Pasenadi, King of Kosala, visiting the Buddha at noonday and telling him that he had just finished having th …

aṅga →

dppn

One of the 16 Great Nations (Mahājanapadā), mentioned in the Pitakas. The countries mentioned are Aṅga, Māgadha, Kāsī, Kosala, Vajji, Mallā, Ceti, Vaṃsa, Kuru, Pañcāla, Macchā, Sūrasena, Assaka, Avant …

aṅgulimāla →

dppn

AṅgulimālaAhiṃsakaGaggaMantāniputta

A robber and murderer who was converted by the Buddha in the twentieth year of his ministry, and who later became an arahant. MN86

As a result of his deeds whole …

bhūmija →

dppn

Uncle of Prince Jayasena. He was a friend of Sambhūta, and, when the latter left the household, he was accompanied by his friends Bhūmija, Jeyyasena and Abhirādhana, all of whom joined the Order. MN.i …

bimbisāra →

dppn

BimbisāraSeniya

King of Māgadha and patron of the Buddha.

According to the Pabbajā Sutta Snp.405ff. the first meeting between the Buddha and Bimbisāra took place in Rājagaha under the Paṇḍavapabba …

bārānasī →

dppn

BārānasīBenares

The capital of Kāsi-janapada. It was one of the four places of pilgrimage for the Buddhists - the others being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagayā and Kusināra - because it was at, the Migadā …

candanaṅgalika →

dppn

A lay-disciple of the Buddha in Sāvatthī. He was present when five rājās, including Pasenadi, visited the Buddha and asked him which was the highest sensual pleasure. When the Buddha had answered the …

caṅkī →

dppn

A great brahmin, contemporary of the Buddha, reputed for his great learning and highly esteemed in brahmin gatherings—e.g., at Icchānaṅgala Snp.p.115 and at Manasākaṭa. DN.i.235

He is mentioned toget …

cittasena →

dppn

A Gandhabba present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258 He is elsewhere DN.iii.204 mentioned as a Yakkha chieftain who should be invoked by the Buddha’s followers when troubled by evil spirits.

dīghakārāyana →

dppn

Nephew of Bandhula, commander-in-chief of Pasenadi. After Bandhula’s death, Dīgha was appointed in his place and accompanied the king. Once, during their travels, they came to Nangaraka and, hearing …

ekapuṇḍarīka →

dppn

Ekapuṇḍarīka1

A monastery of the wanderers, the residence of Vacchagotta. MN.i.481f. It was near the Kūṭāgārasālā in the Mahāvana of Vesāli. The Buddha went there to see Vacchagotta, and …

gagga →

dppn

Gagga1

A monk. He became insane, and in this condition did many things unworthy of a monk. When his colleagues blamed him, the Buddha interceded on his behalf and suggested that he be give …

gandhabbā →

dppn

A class of semi-divine beings who inhabit the Cātummahārājika realm and are the lowest among the devas. DN.ii.212 They are generally classed together with the Asuras and the Nāgas AN.iv.200 AN.iv.204 …

gayā →

dppn

A town in India. It lay on the road between the Bodhi-tree and Benares. It was between the Bodhimanda and Gayā that the Buddha, on his way to Isipatana, met Upaka. Vin.i.8

The Buddha stayed at Gayā …

isidatta →

dppn

Isidatta1

A verse uttered by Isidatta, in response to the Buddha’s enquiry regarding his welfare, is recorded in the Therāgāthā. Thag.120

According to the Saṃyutta Nikāya, SN.iv.283–288 I …

jayasena →

dppn

A prince who once visited the novice Aciravata at Veḷuvana in Rājagaha and asked him to teach the Doctrine. Reluctantly the novice did so, but at the end of the exposition Jayasena declared that he wa …

kaṇṇakatthala →

dppn

A deer-park in Ujuññā. There the Buddha sometimes stayed; he was once visited there by Acela Kassapa, to whom he preached the Kassapasīhanāda Sutta, DN.i.161 and again by Pasenadi, king of Kosala; to …

khemā →

dppn

Khemā

An arahant, chief of the Buddha’s women disciples for her great wisdom. AN.i.25 Her Therīgāthā verses depict her being described as beautiful, but rejecting the pleasures of the senses. Thig.13 …

kosala →

dppn

Kosala1

A country inhabited by the Kosalans, to the north-west of Māgadha and next to Kāsī. It is mentioned second in the list of sixteen Great Nations.AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 In the Buddha’s …

kāsi →

dppn

KāsiKāsikaKāsigāmaKāsinigama

One of the sixteen Great Nations, AN.i.213 its capital being Bārāṇasī.

At the time of the Buddha, it had been absorbed into the kingdom of Kosala, and Pasenadi was king …

kūṭāgārasālā →

dppn

…by numerous retinues; their senāpati, Sīha, who went with five hundred chariots, having only decided after much hesitation to see the Buddha;…

licchavī →

dppn

A powerful tribe of India in the time of the Buddha. They were certainly khattiyas, for on that ground they claimed a share of the Buddha’s relics. DN.ii.165

Their capital was Vesāli, and they form …

macchā →

dppn

A country, with its people, included in the traditional list of the sixteen Great Nations AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260

The Macchā country lay to the south or south west of Indraprastha and …

madhurā →

dppn

MadhurāMathurā

The capital of Surasena, situated on the Yamunā. Its king, soon after the death of Bimbisāra, was Avantiputta, MN.ii.83 who, judging by his name, was probably related to the royal fami …

mahājanapadā →

dppn

The books mention the sixteen Mahājanapadas or Great Nations, which existed in the time of the Buddha. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 They are Kāsī, Kosala, Aṅga, Māgadha, Vajji, Mallā, Cetiya …

mallikā →

dppn

Chief queen of Pasenadi, king of Kosala.

Mallika’s knowledge of the Dhamma made her wiser than Pasenadi would have desired, and he once, in a moment of great affection, asked if anyone were dearer to …

medāḷupa →

dppn

MedāḷupaMedatalumpa

A Sākyan village three leagues from Nagaraka. MN.ii.119 Pasenadi when staying there with Dīgha Kārāyana, heard that the Buddha was there and visited him. On this occasion was prea …

migasālā →

dppn

A woman follower of the Buddha. She was the daughter of Pūraṇa, chamberlain of Pasenadi, and niece of Isidatta. AN.iii.347 AN.v.137

migāra →

dppn

A rich man of Sāvatthī. Ugga, Pasenadi’s minister, mentions him during a visit to the Buddha and remarks on his immense wealth. But the Buddha reminds him that Migāra’s treasure is not real treasure i …

māgadha →

dppn

…Ekanālā, NāIakagāma, Senānigama, Khāṇumata, Andhakavindha, Macala, Matula, Ambalaṭṭhikā, Pāṭaligāma, NāIandā and…

nagaraka →

dppn

Nagaraka Naṅgaraka

A Sākyan township near Medatalumpa. From there Pasenadi, accompanied by Dīgha-Kārāyana, paid his last visit to the Buddha, as recorded in the Dhammacetiya Sutta. MN.ii.118

The Bu …

pasenadi →

dppn

PasenadiSeniya

King of Kosala and contemporary of the Buddha. Quite early in the Buddha’s ministry, Pasenadi became his follower and close friend, and his devotion to the Buddha lasted till his death …

pañcakaṅga →

dppn

The carpenter of Pasenadi, king of Kosala. He was a devoted follower of the Buddha and loved discussion.

The Bahuvedanīya Sutta MN.i.396ff. SN.iv.223f. is based on a discussion between him and Ma …

pokkharasāti →

dppn

PokkharasātiPokkharasādi

A brahmin of great wealth and learning who lived in Ukkaṭṭha, on a royal demesne given by Pasenadi. Ambaṭṭha was the pupil of Pokkharasāti, who sent him to the Buddha at Icch …

pubbakoṭṭhakā →

dppn

A bathing place in Sāvatthī, near the Migāramātupāsāda, and therefore to the east of the city. Mention is made AN.iii.345 of the Buddha having bathed there. It was evidently extensive, for Pasenadi’s …

purāṇa →

dppn

Purāṇa1

A monk who lived in Dakkhiṇāgiri. It is said that when he visited Rājagaha after the holding of the First Council, he was asked to give his approval to the “findings” of the same. …

pāyāsi →

dppn

A chieftain of Setavyā, who lived on a royal domain gifted by Pasenadi. He held the view that there was no world other than this, no fruit of actions and no rebirth. But after a discussion with Kūmara …

sakulā →

dppn

Sakulā1

The foremost among nuns in the divine eye. AN.i.25 Her Therīgāthā verses say that while still living in the household, she heard the Dhamma taught by a monk, and then saw the Dhamm …

sappasoṇḍikapabbhāra →

dppn

SappasoṇḍikapabbhāraSappasoṇḍika

A mountain cave in the Sītavana, near Rājagaha. DN.ii.116 A conversation which took place there between Sāriputta and Upasena, just before the latter’s death, is reco …

sañjaya →

dppn

Sañjaya1

A monk whose Theragāthā verse says that since going forth he has not had any hate. Thag.48

Sañjaya2

In the Kaṇṇakatthala Sutta Viḍūḍabha tells the Buddha that it was …

senaka →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of seeing the Buddha at the Gayā festival. Thag.287–290

senānigama →

dppn

SenānigamaSenānīnigama

The village in which Senānī lived. It was near Uruvelā and on the banks of the Nerañjara. SN.i.106 Vin.i.21 MN.i.166…

seta →

dppn

The state elephant of Pasenadi, on whose account the Buddha preached a special sermon. AN.iii.345

sirivaḍḍha →

dppn

Sirivaḍḍha1

A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of meditating in the cleft of Mounts Vebhāra and Paṇḍava while the lightning flashes. Thag.41

Sirivaḍḍha2

A minister of Pasena …

somā →

dppn

Somā1

One day, as she was meditating at the foot of a tree in Andhavana, Māra, wishing to interrupt her privacy, approached her, invisible in the air, and teased her, remarking on the “two …

sudassana →

dppn

Nephew of Pasenadi. The Buddha taught him a stanza to recite whenever Pasenadi sat down to a meal, in order that the king might observe moderation in eating. For this service Pasenadi paid him one hun …

sumanā →

dppn

Sumanā1Sumanārājakumārī

She was the daughter of the king of Kosala and sister of Pasenadi. She is included among the eminent upāsikās. AN.iv.347 She once visited the Buddha, with five hu …

sāketa →

dppn

A town in Kosala. It was regarded in the Buddha’s time as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Kosambī and Benares. DN.ii.146 In the Vinaya Vin.i.253 howev …

sākya →

dppn

A tribe in North India, to which the Buddha belonged. Their capital was Kapilavatthu. Mention is also made of other Sākyan settlements - e.g., Cātumā, Khomadussa, Sāmagāma, Devadaha, Sīlavatī, Nagara …

sālavatikā →

dppn

SālavatikāSālavatī

A Kosalan village, given by Pasenadi to the brahmin Lohicca. There the Lohicca Sutta was preached. DN.i.224

Kosala3town

sāvatthī →

dppn

The capital city of Kosala in India and one of the six great Indian cities during the lifetime of the Buddha. DN.ii.147 It was six leagues from Sāketa. Vin.i.253 It was on the banks of the Aciravatī.V …

sītavana →

dppn

A grove near Rājagaha where Anāthapiṇḍika first met the Buddha. When Anāthapiṇḍika approached it, he was filled with fear and trembling. But he was reassured by a friendly Yakkha, Sīvaka. Vin.ii.155*f …

sūrasena →

dppn

One of the sixteen Great Nations. It is mentioned with Maccha, and was located in the south of the Kuru country. Its capital was Mathurā. It is famous in the Epics and the Purānas because of its conne …

thullanandā →

dppn

A nun, one of four sisters who all joined the Order, the others being Nandā, Nandavatī and Sundarinandā.

Thulla-Nandā appears to have had charge of a large company of nuns, all of whom followed her …

toraṇavatthu →

dppn

A locality in Kosala, between Sāvatthī and Sāketa. Pasenadi once stopped there and visited Khemā, who lived there. SN.iv.374

27.145923,82.1255492town

udāyī →

dppn

Udāyī1LāludāyīPaṇḍita Udāyī

There were at least two monks called Udāyī, and it is not always possible to be sure which one is meant. When the Buddha preached the Nāgopama Sutta, AN.iii.344 …

upananda →

dppn

Upananda1

A monk, belonging to the Sākyan clan, who was known for his greed in procuring requisites. Several incidents connected with him are mentioned in the Vinaya. Once he promised to s …

upasena →

dppn

UpasenaVaṅgantaputta

When his ordination was but one year old, he ordained another bhikkhu, to increase the number of holy ones, and went with him to wait upon the Buddha. The Buddha roundly rebuked …

uruvelā →

dppn

UruvelāSenānigamaUruvelapattana

A locality on the banks of the Nerañjara, in the neighbourhood of the Bodhi-tree at Buddhagayā. MN.i.166 The…

uruññā →

dppn

Uruññā UjuññāUguññāUdaññaUjjuññā

A district and a town in Kosala. Once when the Buddha was staying at the Deer Park in Kaṇṇakatthala in the neighbourhood of the city, Pasenadi, who happened to be at …

vajirakumārī →

dppn

VajirakumārīVajirāVajirī

Daughter of Pasenadi. MN.ii.110

vassakāra →

dppn

…as does also Upananda, the Senāpati, who is present. Vassakāra asks Ānanda where he lives, and is told, in Veḷuvana. Vassakāra thinks this a…

vijitasena →

dppn

Several verses uttered by him in self admonition, in which he displays his knowledge of elephant training, are included in the Theragāthā. Thag.355–359

visākhā →

dppn

Visākhā1

. Thig.13

Visākhā2

The chief among the female lay disciples of the Buddha and declared by him to be foremost among those who ministered to the Order. AN.i.26 She is c …

viḍūḍabha →

dppn

ViḍūḍabhaViḍūḍabha

Son of Pasenadi and Vāsabhakhattiyā. Both in the Piyajātika Sutta MN.ii.110 and the Kaṇṇakatthala Suttas. MN.ii.127 Viḍūḍabha is spoken of as general.

vāsabhā →

dppn

The second queen of King Pasenadi. MN.ii.110

apassena →

ncped

something to lean on or rely on; rest, s upport.

apassenaka →

ncped

rest, support.

apassenaphalaka →

ncped

reclining board (to protect a wall)

asenāsanaka →

ncped

without lodgings

asenāsanika →

ncped

without lodgings

aññātakavesena →

ncped

in disguise; not in one owns form.

caturapassena →

ncped

caturāpāssena →

ncped

having four supports.

ekaṃsena →

ncped

with certainty, with assurance; certainly, absolutely, definitely

patisandhi →

nyana

Patisandhi: lit. ‘reunion, relinking’, i.e. rebirth, is one of the 14 functions of consciousness viññāna-kicca. It is a kamma-resultant type of consciousness and arises at the moment of concep …

abbhuta →

pts

Abbhuta1

adj. nt. terrifying, astonishing; strange, exceptional puzzling, extraordinary, marvellous, supernormal Described as a term of surprise & consternation (vimhay;’ āvahass’ adhivaca …

abhibhavati →

pts

to overcome, master, be lord over, vanquish, conquer SN.i.18, SN.i.32, SN.i.121 (maraṇaṃ); SN.iv.71 (rāgadose), SN.i.117 (kodhaṃ), SN.i.246, SN.i.249 (sāmikaṃ); Ja.i.56 Ja.i.280; Pv-a.94 (= balīyati, …

abhibhū →

pts

noun adjective overcoming, conquering, vanquishing, having power over, a Lord or Master of (-˚) DN.iii.29; SN.ii.284; Snp.211 (sabba˚), Snp.545 (Māra˚, cp. Mārasena-pamaddana Snp.561), Snp.642
■ O …

abhippaharaṇa →

pts

…epithet of Mārassa senā, the army of M. Snp.439 (kaṇhassa˚ the fighting army of k. = samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ nippothanī…

abhisajjanā →

pts

at Snp.49 evidently means “scolding, cursing, being in bad temper” (cp. abhisajjati), as its combn. with vāc’ âbhilāpa indicates, but is expld. both by Nd ii.& Bdhgh. as “stickin …

abhisajjati →

pts

to be in ill temper, to be angry, to curse, imprecate (in meaning of abhisanga 2) DN.i.91 (= kodha-vasena laggati DN-a.i.257), DN.iii.159; Ja.iii.120 (+ kuppati); Ja.iv.22 (abhisajji kuppi vyāpajji …

abhūta →

pts

adjective not real, false, not true, usually as nt. ˚ṃ falsehood, lie, deceit Snp.387; Iti.37; instr abhūtena falsely DN.i.161.

  • -vādin one who speaks falsely or tells lies Snp …

adhipanna →

pts

gone into, affected with, seized by (-˚), a victim of (c. loc.) SN.i.72 Thig.345 (kāmesu); Snp.1123 (taṇhā˚ = taṇhânugata Cnd.32); Dhp.288; Ja.iii.38, Ja.iii.369; Ja.iv.396; Ja.v.91, Ja.v.379 (= dose …

ajjhosita →

pts

hanging on, cleaving to, being bent on, (c. loc.) SN.ii.94 (+ mamāyita); AN.ii.25 (diṭṭha suta muta +); Mnd.75 Mnd.106, Mnd.163 = Nd ii under nissita; Thig.470 (asāre = taṇhāvasena abhiniviṭṭha Thag …

allīyati →

pts

to cling to, stick to, adhere to (in both senses, good or bad); to covet

  1. lit. kesā sīsaṃ allīyiṃsu the hair stuck to the head Ja.i.64 khaggo lomesu allīyi the sword stuck in the hair Ja.i.273
  2. f …

amarā →

pts

? a kind of slippery fish, an eel (?) Only in expression amarā-vikkhepika eel-wobbler, one who practices eel-wriggling, fr. ˚vikkhepa “oscillation like the a. fish” In English idiom “a man who si …

anodissaka →

pts

adjective unrestricted, without exception, general, universal; only in cpd. -vasena universally thoroughly (with ref. to mettā) Ja.i.81; Ja.ii.146; Vv-a.97 (in general; opp. odissaka-vasena). S …

anīka →

pts

…army Snp.421 (= balakāya senāmukha Snp-a.384).

  • -ṭṭha a sentinel, royal guard DN.iii.64, DN.iii.148; Ja.v.100; Ja.vi.15 (“men on…

apassena →

pts

…DN.iii.224 (cattāri apassenāni); as adj caturāpassena one who has the fourfold support viz sankhāy’ ekaṃ paṭisevati, adhivāseti,…

apekhā →

pts

Apekkhā & Apekhā

feminine attention, regard, affection for (loc.); desire longing for (c. loc.) SN.i.77; SN.iii.132; SN.v.409 (mātā-pitusu) Vin.iv.214; Snp.38 (= vuccati taṇhā etc. Cnd.65; = taṇhā s …

apekkhā →

pts

Apekkhā & Apekhā

feminine attention, regard, affection for (loc.); desire longing for (c. loc.) SN.i.77; SN.iii.132; SN.v.409 (mātā-pitusu) Vin.iv.214; Snp.38 (= vuccati taṇhā etc. Cnd.65; = taṇhā s …

appicchatā →

pts

contentment, being satisfied with little, unostentatiousness Vin.iii.21; DN.iii.115; MN.i.13; SN.ii.202, SN.ii.208 sq.; AN.i.12, AN.i.16 sq.; AN.iii.219 sq., AN.iii.448, AN.iv.218, AN.iv.280 (opp. mah …

aru →

pts

wound, a sore, only in compounds: -kāya a heap of sores MN.ii.64 = Dhp.147 = Thag.769 (= navannaṃ vaṇamukhānaṃ vasena arubhūta kāya Dhp-a.iii.109 = Vv-a.77); -gatta (adj.) with wounds in the b …

asāhasa →

pts

absence of violence, meekness, peaceableness DN.iii.147 (asāhase rata fond of peace); acc as adv. asāhasaṃ without violence, not arbitrarily Ja.iii.319 instr. asāhasena id. Ja.vi.280; Dhp.257 (= amu …

ativākya →

pts

abuse, blame, reproach Dhp.320, Dhp.321 (= aṭṭha-anariyavohāra-vasena pavattaṃ vītikkama-vacanaṃ Dhp-a.iv.3) Ja.vi.508.

ati + vac, cp. Sk. ativāda, fr. ati + vad

atthika →

pts

adjective

  1. (to attha1) profitable, good, proper. In this meaning the MSS show a variance of spelling either atthika or aṭṭhika or *[aṭṭhita](/de …

avipariṇāma →

pts

absence of change, steadfastness, endurance DN.i.18; DN.iii.31, DN.iii.33 (˚dhamma); DN-a.i.113 (= jarā-vasena vipariṇāmassa abhāvato).

a + viparināma

aññātaka →

pts

Aññātaka1

he who is not a kinsman Dhp-a.i.222.

a + ñātaka, cp. Sk. ajñāti

Aññātaka2

adjective unknown, unrecognisable, only in phrase -vesena in unknown form, in disguis …

aṃsa →

pts

Aṃsa1

  1. the shoulder AN.v.110; Snp.609. aṃse karoti to put on the shoulder, to shoulder Ja.i.9.
  2. a part (lit. side) (cp. ˚āsa in koṭṭhāsa and expln of …

aṭṭha →

pts

…(id.); a. akkhohini-sankhāsenā Ja.vi.395. a. vatthū Vin.ii.204
■ 28 aṭṭhavīsati nakkhattāni Mnd.382;…

bandhati →

pts

to bind etc.

I. Forms

imper bandha DN.ii.350; pl. bandhantu Ja.i.153.
pot bandheyya SN.iv.198; Vin.iii.45
fut bandhayissati Mhvs.24.6;
aor abandhi Ja.iii. …

bhīma →

pts

adjective dreadful, horrible, cruel, awful Ja.iv.26; Mil.275.

  • -kāya of horrible body, terrific Ja.v.165.
  • -rūpa of terrifying appearance Thig.353.
  • *-[sena] …

brahma →

pts

Brahma & Brahmā

I. Brahman

neuter [cp. Vedic bráhman nt. prayer; nom. sg bráhma]

  1. the supreme good; as a buddhistic term used in a sense different from the brahmanic (save in controvers …

brahmā →

pts

Brahma & Brahmā

I. Brahman

neuter [cp. Vedic bráhman nt. prayer; nom. sg bráhma]

  1. the supreme good; as a buddhistic term used in a sense different from the brahmanic (save in controvers …

ca →

pts

(indef. enclitic particle)

  1. Indefinite (after demonstr. pron. in the sense of kiṃ = what about? or how is it? cp. kiṃ) = ever, whoever what-ever, etc. [Sk. kaśca, Gr. ὁς τε, Lat: quisque Goth. h …

catur →

pts

base of numeral four

  1. As num. adj. nom. & acc. m cattāro (Dhp.109; Ja.iii.51) and caturo (Snp.84, Snp.188), f. catasso (Snp.1122), nt. cattāri (Snp.227); gen. m. catunnaṃ (Snp.p.102), (f. catassa …

cavati →

pts

to move, get into motion, shift, to fall away, decease, esp. to pass from one state of existence into another DN.i.14 (sañsaranti c˚ upapajjanti, cp. DN-a.i.105); Kp.viii.4 (= Kp-a.220: apeti vigacc …

citta →

pts

Citta1 & Citra

adjective variegated, manifold, beautiful; tasty, sweet, spiced (of cakes), Ja.iv.30 (geṇḍuka); Dhp.171 (rājaratha); Vv.47#9; Pv.ii.11#2 (aneka˚); Pv.iv.3#13 (pūvā = madhurā …

cīvara →

pts

senāsana lodging, a place to sleep at, gilānapaccaya-bhesajja-parikkhāra medicinal appliances for use in…

deyya →

pts

…cīvara, 2 piṇḍapāta 3 senāsana, 4 gilāna-paccaya-bhesajja-parikkhāra, 5 anna, 6 pāna, 7 vattha, 8 yāna, 9 mālā 10 gandhā, 11…

dhajinī →

pts

“bearing a standard,” i.e. an army, legion Snp.442 (= senā Snp-a.392).

Sk. dhvajinī, f. to adj. dhvajin

dhunāti →

pts

to shake, toss; to shake off, remove destroy SN.i.156 (maccuno senaṃ); Thag.256 = Mil.245; dhunāti pāpake dhamme dumapattaṃ va māluto Thag.2; Ja.i.11 (verse 48); Ja.iii.44 (hatthe dhuniṃsu, wrung thei …

dhuravant →

pts

adjective one who has or bears his yoke, patient, enduring SN.i.214 = Snp.187 (: cetasikaviriya-vasena anikkhittadhura Snp-a.236).

cp. Sk. dhuradhara

divasa →

pts

nt. only in expression satta divasāni 7 days or a week Ja.iv.139; Mil.15) a day AN.i.206 (˚ṃ atināmeti); Ja.iii.52 (uposatha˚); Pv-a.31 (yāva sattadivasā a week long), Pv-a.74 (sattamo divaso) Usu …

dosa →

pts

Dosa1

corruption blemish, fault, bad condition, defect; depravity, corrupted state; usually -˚, as khetta˚ blight of the field Mil.360; tiṇa˚ spoilt by weeds Dhp.356; Pv-a.7; visa ill ef …

eka →

pts

adjective noun masculine one. Eka follows the pron. declension i.e. nom. pl. is eke (e.g. Snp.43, Snp.294, Snp.780 etc.)

  1. “one” as number, either with or without contrast to two or more; often al …

ekadatthu →

pts

adverb once, definitely, specially Ja.iii.105 (= ekaṃsena C.).

eka-d-atthu, cp. aññadatthu

ekaṃsa →

pts

Ekaṃsa1

adjective belonging to one shoulder, on or with one shoulder; only in phṛase ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsangaṃ karoti to arrange the upper robe over one shoulder (the left) Vin.i.46; Vin.ii.188 …

gahapati →

pts

…and pati in P. senāpati commander-in-chief, Sk. jāspati householder, Lat hospes, Obulg. gospoda = potestas, Goth. brūp-faps…

gamana →

pts

…(˚kāle); ˚sampanna senāsana a dwelling or lodging fit for going and coming, i.e. easily accessible AN.v.15; Ja.i.85; ˚ṃ karoti to go…

ganthati →

pts

Ganthati & Gantheti

  1. to tie, knot, bind, fasten together: kathaṃ mittāni ganthati “how does he bind friends” SN.i.214; Snp.185; mālaṃ ganthamāna tying a garland Vv.38#1 (ganthento Vv-a.173). Of m …

gantheti →

pts

Ganthati & Gantheti

  1. to tie, knot, bind, fasten together: kathaṃ mittāni ganthati “how does he bind friends” SN.i.214; Snp.185; mālaṃ ganthamāna tying a garland Vv.38#1 (ganthento Vv-a.173). Of m …

gaḷa →

pts

  1. a drop, i.e. a fall: see gaḷāgala.
  2. a swelling, a boil (= gaṇḍa Ja.iv.494 (mattā gajā bhinnagaḷā elephants in rut, with the temple-swellings broken; expl. p. Ja.iv.497 by madaṃ gaḷantā); Snp.61 …

gaṇanā →

pts

…Tikap. 94; Ja.i.35; Mil.4 (senā ˚ṃ kāretvā); Dhp-a.i.11, Dhp-a.i.34. 3. the art of counting arithmetics as a study & a profession,…

gotta →

pts

ancestry, lineage. There is no word in English for gotta. It includes all those descended, or supposed to be descended, from a common ancestor. A gotta name is al …

gāmika →

pts

…of a parish Vin.i.179; AN.iii.76, AN.iii.78, AN.iii.300 (in series w. raṭṭhika pettanika, senāpatika, pūgagamaṇika). 2. [to gam ] adj….

hassa →

pts

adjective noun ridiculous Snp.328; (nt.)

  1. laughter, mirth DN.i.19; Snp.926; DN-a.i.72; Pv-a.226; Dhp-a.iii.258; Mil.266.
  2. a joke, jest hassā pi, even in fun MN.i.415; hassena pi the same Ja.v. …

hattha →

pts

  1. hand DN.i.124; AN.i.47; Snp.610; Ja.vi.40
    ■ forearm Vin.iv.221; of animals SN.v.148; Ja.i.149; -pāda hand and foot MN.i.523; AN.i.47; Ja.ii.117; Pv-a.241; Dhp-a.iv.7. sahassa˚; thousand …

huhuṅka →

pts

adjective saying “huṃ, huṃ,” i.e. grumbly, rough; -jātika one who has a grumbly nature, said of the brahmins Vin.i.2; Ud.3 (“proud of his caste Seidenstūcker). nihuhuṅka (= n …

hīḷana →

pts

(f.) scorn(ing), disdain, contempt Mil.357; DN-a.i.276 (of part. “re”: hīlana-vasena āmantanaṃ); as at Vb.353 (+ ohīḷanā); Vb-a.486.

fr. hīḍ

janapada →

pts

…Majjā (Macchā A) Sūrasenā, Assakā, Avantī, Yonā (Gandhārā A), Kambojā Cp. Rhys Davids, B. India p. 23.

*…

kamma →

pts

the doing, deed, work orig. meaning (see karoti) either building (cp. Lit kùrti, Opr. kūra to build) or weaving, plaiting (still in mālākamma and latā˚ “the intertwining of garland …

kaṇṇikā →

pts

  1. an ornament for the ear, in ˚lakkhaṇa: see below.
  2. the pericarp of a lotus Ja.i.152, Ja.i.183; Ja.v.416; Mil.361; Vism.124 (paduma˚); Vv-a.43.
  3. the corner of the upper story of a palace or pag …

khaṇa →

pts

Khaṇa1

  1. (m.) a (short), moment, wink of time; in phrase khaṇen’ eva “in no time” Pv-a.38 Pv-a.117; Sdhp.584 (etc.). Sdhp.584; khaṇo ve mā upaccagā “let not the slightest time be wasted …

khudda →

pts

adjective small, inferior, low; trifling, insignificant; na khuddaṃ samācare kiñci “he shall not pursue anything trifling” Snp.145 (= lāmakaṃ Kp-a.243) kh˚ ca bālaṃ Snp.318. Opp. to strong Vv.32#10 ( …

kicca →

pts

  1. (adj.) that which ought to be done, that which is to be performed; nt something to do Dhp-a.i.15. defined as kātabban ti kiccaṃ kiñcid eva karaṇīyan ti Kp-a.218; kattabaṃ karaṇīyaṃ Dhp-a.iii.452 …

kuṇḍala →

pts

ring esp. earring AN.i.254 = AN.iii.16; Ja.iv.358 (su˚ with beautiful earrings); Dhp-a.i.25. Frequent as maṇi˚, a jewelled earring Vin.ii.156; SN.i.77; MN.i.366; Pv.ii.9#50; sīha˚ or sīhamukha˚ an ea …

kāma →

pts

…Māra: kāmā te paṭhamā senā Snp.436
■ yo evamvādī… n’atthi kāmesu doso ti so kāmesu pātavyataṃ āpajjati AN.i.266 = MN.i.305…

laya →

pts

  1. a brief measure of time, usually combined with other expressions denoting a short moment, esp. frequent as khaṇa laya muhutta Vin.i.12 Vin.iii.92; AN.iv.137; cp. Dpvs.i.16 (khaṇe khaṇe laye Buddh …

lesa →

pts

…upajjhāya˚ ācariya˚, senāsana˚); Ja.ii.11; Ja.vi.402
lesa-kappa pretext Vin.ii.166; Vv.84#43 (= kappiya-lesa Vv-a.348)…

leṇa →

pts

…uṭṭhāpetvā vā katasenāsanaṃ,“ i.e. opportunity for sitting & lying made by digging (a cave in a mountain or by erecting a wall where…

lūkha →

pts

…bhuñjati, l. senāsanaṃ paṭisevati etc.); Vv-a.298, Vv-a.335 sq.; Pv-a.180. 2. (of men) low wretched, rough, miserable,…

ma →

pts

(-kāra) the letter or sound m Ja.iii.273 (sandhi-vasena vutta put in for the sake of euphony); Ja.v.375 (ma-kāro sandhikaro); Kp-a.155, Kp-a.224; Snp-a.181, Snp-a.383, Snp-a.404.

mahant →

pts

…(where two ranks are given senā-nāyakā m. mattā the m. of defence, and vohārikā m. m. those of law); DN.i.7; DN.iii.88; DN.iii.64 (here…

māra →

pts

…Dhp-a.iv.69).

  • -senā the army of M. Snp.561 Snp.563; Snp-a.528.

fr. mṛ; later Vedic, māra killing, destroying,…

nahāru →

pts

Nahāru & Nhāru

sinew, tendon muscle. In the anatomy of the body n. occupies the place between maṃsa (flesh, soft flesh) & aṭṭhi (bone) as is seen from ster. sequ …

nakkhatta →

pts

the stars or constellations, a conjunction of the moon with diff. constellations, a lunar mansion or the constellations of the lunar zodiac, figuring also as Names of months & determinant factors of h …

nhāru →

pts

Nahāru & Nhāru

sinew, tendon muscle. In the anatomy of the body n. occupies the place between maṃsa (flesh, soft flesh) & aṭṭhi (bone) as is seen from ster. sequ …

nibbahati →

pts

to stretch out Ja.iii.185 (asiṃ); to pull out Ja.v.269 (jivhaṃ = jivhaṃ balisena n. 275). See also nibbāheti & nibbāhāpeti.

nis + bahati

nibbiṇṇa →

pts

adjective tired of, disgusted with (c. instr. or loc.), wearied of, dissatisfied with, “fed up” Ja.i.347; Ja.vi.62; Thig.478 (= viratta Thag-a.286); Dhp-a.i.85 (˚hadaya); Vv-a.207 (˚rūpa) Pv-a.159 …

niddosa →

pts

Niddosa1

adjective faultless, pure, undefiled Snp.476; Dhs-a.2; Pv-a.189 (= viraja); Dhp-a.i.41.

Sk. nirdośa, nis + dosa1

Niddosa2

adjective free from hatred J …

nigaṇṭha →

pts

…cp. DN.i.57; also Sīho senāpati n-sāvako); SN.i.78 SN.i.82 (˚bhikkhā); AN.i.205 sq. (˚uposatha), cp. AN.i.220; AN.ii.196 (˚sāvaka);…

nippurisa →

pts

adjective

  1. without men Pv-a.177.
  2. without men, executed by females (female devas only (of turiyā = a female orchestra) Vin.i.15; DN.ii.21; Ja.v.506. Cp. Mvu.iii.165 (niṣpuruṣena nāṭakena & Avs.i …

nissaya →

pts

…rukkhamūla-senāsanaṃ, pūtimuttabhesajjaṃ); Vin.ii.274, Vin.ii.278; DN.iii.137, DN.iii.141; AN.i.117; AN.iii.271 AN.iv.353;…

nāma →

pts

name.

  1. Literal. nom. nāmaṃ SN.i.39; Snp.808; Ja.ii.131; Mil.27; acc. nāmaṃ Pv-a.145 (likhi: he wrote her name)
    ■ nāmaṃ karoti to give a name Snp.344 Cnd.466 (n’ etaṃ nāmaṃ mātarā kataṃ on “ …

odissaka →

pts

adjective only in adv. expression odissaka-vasena definitely, in special, specifically (opp. to anodissaka-vasena in general, universally) Ja.i.82; Ja.ii.146; Vv-a.97. See also *anodissaka & odhi …

ovadiya →

pts

adjective who or what can be advised, advisable Vin.i.59 (+ anusāsiya); Vv.84#36 (ovāda-vasena vattabbaṃ Vv-a.345).

grd. of ovadati

paccaya →

pts

…cīvara, piṇḍapāta, senāsana (gilānapaccaya-) bhesajja, i.e. clothing, food as alms a dwelling-place, medicine: see under;…

pacchā →

pts

adverb behind, aft, after, afterwards, back; westward DN.i.205; Snp.645 Snp.773, Snp.949; Mnd.33 (= pacchā vuccati anāgataṃ, pure vuccati atītaṃ); Cnd.395; Dhp.172, Dhp.314, Dhp.421; Pv.i.11#1 Pv.i.11 …

pajā →

pts

progeny, offspring, generation, beings, men, world (of men), mankind (cp. use of Bibl. Gr. γέννημα in same meaning) DN.ii.55; SN.v.346 SN.v.362 sq.; AN.ii.75 sq.; AN.iv.290; AN.v.232 sq., AN.v.253 sq. …

pakati →

pts

  1. original or natural form, natural state or condition (lit. make-up); as ˚- = primary original, real Vin.i.189; Vin.ii.113; Ja.i.146 (˚vesena in her usual dress); Kp-a.173 (˚kammakara, ˚jeṭṭhaput …

pallattha →

pts

…eva ca go-nisinnaka-vasenā ti tīh’ākārehi pallatthaṃ etc.; see under *ti*˚). Cp. ti˚, vi˚.

Sk. *paryasta, pari +…

pamaddana →

pts

adj. nt. crushing, defeating, overcoming DN.i.89 (˚parasena˚); Snp.p.106 (id. = maddituṃ samattho Snp-a.450); Snp.561 (Mārasena˚); DN-a.i.250.

fr. pamaddati

pamukha →

pts

Pamukha1

adjective lit. “in front of the face,” fore-part, first, foremost, chief, prominent SN.i.234, SN.i.235; Snp.791 (variant reading BB and Mnd.92 for pamuñca); Ja.v.5, Ja.v.169. loc …

panta →

pts

…(sayanāsanaṃ) or pantāni senāsanāni “solitary bed & chair” MN.i.17, MN.i.30; AN.i.60; AN.ii.137 AN.iii.103; AN.v.10, AN.v.202; Snp.72 (cp….

para →

pts

adverb adjective

  1. (adv. & prep.) beyond, on the further side of (with abl. or loc.), over Pv-a.168 (para Gangāya, variant reading ˚āyaṃ). See in same meaning & application paraṃ, paro and parā & c …

parikkhāra →

pts

…Texts* ii.229); Vin.ii.150 (senāsana˚-dussa clothrequirement of seat & bed); Vin.iv.249 sq., Vin.iv.284; DN.i.128 DN.i.137 (yaññassa p. =…

parinibbāna →

pts

“complete Nibbāna” in two meanings:

  1. complete extinction of khandhalife; i.e. all possibility of such life & its rebirth, final release from (the misery of) rebirth and transmigration death (after …

parivasati →

pts

to stay, dwell, to live under probation Vin.iii.186 (grd. ˚vatthabba); Vin.iv.30, Vin.iv.127; DN.i.176; MN.i.391; SN.ii.21; Snp.697 (= pabbajitvā tāpasavesena vasati Snp-a.490)
ppr med. *[paribbasā …

pariṇāyaka →

pts

leader, guide, adviser; one of the 7 treasures (ratanāni) of a great king or Cakkavattin (according to Bdhgh on DN.ii.177 the eldest son; in the Lal. Vist. a general cp. Divy.211 Divy.217; Senart, *Lé …

parovara →

pts

adjective noun high & low, far & near; pl. in sense of “all kinds” (cp. uccâvaca). The word is found only in the Sutta Nipāta, viz. Snp.353 (variant reading BB varāvaraṃ, varovaraṃ; explained as “loku …

pati →

pts

…gaha˚, dāna˚, yūtha˚, senā˚. 2. husband SN.i.210; Snp.314; Ja.iii.138; Pv-a.161. See also sapatika (with her husband), patibbatā &…

patti →

pts

…of a senā or army, viz. hatthī elephants, assā horses, rathā chariots, pattī infantry); Ja.iv.494 (hatthī assā,…

pañca →

pts

…5 good qualities AN.v.15 (of senāsana, explained at Vism.122): see also above.

  • -aṅgika consisting of 5 parts fivefold,…

pañcama →

pts

…and pañcamī Snp.437 (senā); Pv-a.79 (jāti).

compar
■ superl. formation fr. pañca, with ˚ma as in Lat. supremus, for the usual ˚to…

paṭicamma →

pts

in ˚gataṃ sallaṃ at Ja.vi.78 to be explained not with C. as from paṭi + camati (cam to wash, cp. ācamati) which does not agree with the actual meaning, but according to Kern, Toev. ii.29, s. v. as …

paṭisena →

pts

repulsion, opposition, enmity, retaliation; only in compound with kṛ; as -senikaroti to make opposition, to oppose, retaliate Snp.932, cp. Mnd.397; -senikattar (n ag.), one who repulses, fight …

peyyāla →

pts

? repetition, succession, formula way of saying, phrase (= pariyāya 5) Vism.46 (˚mukha beginning of discourse), Vism.351 (id. and bahu˚-tanti having many discourses or repetitions), Vism.411 (˚pāḷi a …

phassa →

pts

Phassa1

contact, touch (as sense or sense-impression, for which usually phoṭṭhabbaṃ). It is the fundamental fact in a sense impression and consists of a combination of the sense, the ob …

phuṭṭha →

pts

touched, affected by, influenced by; in specific sense (cp. phusati1 2) “thrilled, permeated” Vin.i.200 (ābādhena); AN.ii.174 (rogena) Ja.i.82 (mettacittena, variant reading puṭṭha); Ja.v.4 …

piṇḍeti →

pts

to ball together, mix, put together Pv.ii.9#52 (= pisana-vasena yojeti Pv-a.135). pp. piṇḍita.

Denom. fr. pinḍa

piṭṭhimant →

pts

adjective having a back, in f. piṭṭhimatī (senā) (an army) having troops on (horse-or elephant-) back Ja.vi.396.

fr. piṭṭhi

pubba →

pts

Pubba1

pus, matter, corruption MN.i.57; MN.iii.90; SN.i.150; SN.ii.157; AN.i.34; Ja.ii.18; Mil.382; Pv-a.80
■ In detail discussed (as one of the 32 ākāras) at Vism.261, Vism.360; Kp- …

puna →

pts

indeclinable again. There are several forms of this adv., but puna has to be considered as the orig. Pali form. The form puno is doubtful; if authentic, a Sanskritisation; only fou …

puṭa →

pts

orig. meaning “tube,” container, hollow pocket.

  1. a container, usually made of leaves (cp Ja.iv.436; Ja.v.441; Ja.vi.236), to carry fruit or other viands a pocket, basket: ucchu˚; basket for sugar …

r →

pts

-R-

the letter (or sound) r, used as euphonic consonant to avoid hiatus. The sandhi-r-originates from the final r of nouns in ˚ir & ˚ur of the Vedic period. In Pali it is felt as euphonic conso …

rahassa →

pts

adj. nt. secret, private; nt. secrecy, secret Mhvs.35, Mhvs.64 (vatvā rahassaṃ); instr. rahassena (as adv.) secretly Mhvs.36, Mhvs.80; acc. rahassaṃ id. Pv.iv.1#65.

ratta →

pts

Ratta1

  1. dyed, coloured MN.i.36 (dūratta-vaṇṇa difficult to dye or badly dyed MN-a.167 reads duratta and explains as durañjita-vaṇṇa opp. suratta ibid.); Snp.287 (nānā-rattehi vatthe …

raṭṭhaka →

pts

adjective belonging to the kingdom, royal, sovereign Ja.iv.91 (senāvāhana)
■ Cp. raṭṭhika.

Sk. rāṣṭraka

raṭṭhika →

pts

…also king’s brother in-law] AN.iii.76 = AN.iii.300 (r. pettanika senāya senāpatika).

fr. raṭṭha, cp. Sk. rāṣṭrika

re →

pts

indeclinable a part. of exclamation, mostly implying contempt, or deprecation (DN-a.i.276) “hīḷanavasena āmantanaṃ” i.e. address of disdain: heigh, go on, get away, hallo
■ DN.i.96, DN.i.107; Ja.ii …

rukkha →

pts

…AN.v.323 sq.; Pp.68 -˚senāsana having one’s bed & seat at the foot of a tree for meditative practices as a recluse Vin.i.58 (as one of…

rājan →

pts

Rājā (Rājan)

king, a ruling potentate. The defn at Vin.iii.222 is “yo koci rajjaṃ kāreti.” The fanciful etym. at DN.iii.93 Vism.419 is “dhammena pare rañjetī ti rājā” i.e. he gladdens othe …

rājañña →

pts

“royalty”; a high courtier, a khattiya (= rājabhogga, cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 100) DN.i.103 (Pasenadi rājā… uggehi vā rājaniyehi vā kañcid eva mantanaṃ manteyya) DN-a.i.273 (= anabhisittā kumā …

rājā →

pts

Rājā (Rājan)

king, a ruling potentate. The defn at Vin.iii.222 is “yo koci rajjaṃ kāreti.” The fanciful etym. at DN.iii.93 Vism.419 is “dhammena pare rañjetī ti rājā” i.e. he gladdens othe …

rūḷhi →

pts

lit. ascent, growth see *vi
■ fig. what has grown by custom tradition, popular meaning of a word (˚sadda). The fig. meaning is the one usually found in Pāli, esp. in Abhidhamma and …

sa →

pts

Sa1

the letter s (sa-kāra) Snp-a.23; or the syllable sa Dhp-a.ii.6; Pv-a.280.

Sa2

base of the nom. of the demonstr. pron. that, he she. The form sg. m. * …

sahassa →

pts

thousand, used as a singular with a noun in the plural, sahassaṃ vācā Dhp.100; satasahassaṃ vassāni Ja.i.29; also in the plural after other numerals cattāri satasahassāni chaḷabhiññā Bv.ii.204 = J …

sanantana →

pts

adjective primeval, of old; for ever, eternal DN.ii.240, DN.ii.244; SN.i.189 (cp. K.S. i.321: porāṇaka santānaṃ vā paṇḍitānaṃ dhamma); Dhp-a.i.51.

for sanātana (cp. purātana); Idg. *seno = Gr. ε …

sappāya →

pts

…suitable with reference to: senāsanasappāya (nt.) suitable lodgings Ja.i.215.

saṃ + pā (= pra + ā) + i, cp. pāya. The…

sasenaka →

pts

adjective accompanied by an army Mhvs.19, Mhvs.27.

sa3 + sena + ka

sayana →

pts

…Ja.iii.20; sayanāsana bed seat Iti.112; Dhp.185, etc.: see senāsana.

fr. śī

saṃsāmeti →

pts

…(one’s bed), in phrase senāsanaṃ saṃsāmetvā Vin.ii.185; Vin.iv.24; MN.i.457; SN.iii.95, SN.iii.133; SN.iv.288.

Caus. of saṃ +…

saṅghaṭṭeti →

pts

  1. to knock against Vin.ii.208.
  2. to sound, to ring Mhvs.21, Mhvs.29 (˚aghaṭṭayi).
  3. to knock together, to rub against each other Ja.iv.98 (aṃsena aṃsaṃ samaghaṭṭayimha); Dāvs iii.87.
  4. to provoke …

saṅkhāyati →

pts

…etc.: with ref. to the 4 apassenāni); SN.i.182; Snp.209, Snp.391 Snp.749, Snp.1048 (= jānitvā etc. Cnd.619); Mnd.327; Dhp.267 (= ñāṇena…

senaka →

pts

Senaka1

a carter Thag-a.271 (= sākaṭika of Thig.443).

Senaka2

= sena2 Ja.iv.58, Ja.iv.291; Ja.vi.246.

seniya →

pts

belonging to an army, soldier Ja.i.314.

fr. senā

senānī →

pts

general; only in cpd. --kuṭilatā strategy (lit. crookedness of a general) Dhs-a.151.

senāsana →

pts

…c’eva āsati ca etthā ti senāsanaṃ). See also panta.

  • -gāha allotment of lodging-places…

seta →

pts

adjective white DN.ii.297 = MN.i.58; Snp.689; AN.iii.241; Vb-a.63 (opp kāḷa); Ja.i.175; Pv-a.157, Pv-a.215. name of a mountain in the Himālayas SN.i.67 = Mil.242; an elephant of King Pasenadi AN.ii …

seṇi →

pts

…ratha-˚ Ja.vi.81, Ja.vi.49 seṇimokkha the chief of an army Ja.vi.371 (cp. senā and seniya).

Class. Sk. śreṇi in meaning “guild”;…

subha →

pts

adjective shining, bright, beautiful DN.i.76 = DN.ii.13 = MN.iii.102; Dhs.250; DN-a.i.221; auspicious, lucky, pleasant Snp.341; Iti.80 good Snp.824, Snp.910; subhato maññati to consider as a good thi …

suti →

pts

  1. hearing, tradition, inspiration, knowledge of the Vedas Snp.839, Snp.1078; Mil.3 (+ sammuti); Mhvs.1, Mhvs.3.
  2. rumour; sutivasena by hearsay, as a story, through tradition Ja.iii.285, Ja.iii.476 …

sāhasa →

pts

violent, hasty Snp.329; (nt.) violence, arbitrary action, acts of violence Snp.943; Ja.vi.284; Mhvs.6, Mhvs.39; sāhasena arbitrarily AN.v.177 opp. ; ibid.; Dhp.257; Ja.vi.280. sāhasaṃ id. Ja.v …

sākaṭika →

pts

carter SN.i.57; Thig.443 (Thag-a.271 = senaka); Ja.iii.104; Mil.66, Mil.164.

fr. sakaṭa1

sīsa →

pts

Sīsa1

neuter lead DN.ii.351; SN.v.92; Mil.331; Vb-a.63 (= kāḷa-tipu); a leaden coin Ja.i.7; --kāra a worker in lead Mil.331; --maya leaden Vin.i.190.

cp. Sk. sīsa

Sīsa2</s …

taggha →

pts

affirmative particle (“ekaṃsena” DN-a.i.236; ekaṃsa-vacana Ja.v.66; ekaṃse nipāta Ja.v.307) truly, surely, there now! Vin.ii.126, Vin.ii.297; DN.i.85; MN.i.207, MN.i.463; MN.iii.179; Ja.v.65 (varian …

taṇhā →

pts

…of Māra’s army (M-senā) Snp.436; M’s daughter SN.i.134. In comparisons: t. + jālinī visattikā SN.i.107 = bharâdānaṃ (t….

taṭataṭāyati →

pts

to rattle, shake, clatter; to grind or gnash one’s teeth; to fizz. Usually said of people in frenzy or fury (in ppr. ˚yanto or ˚yamāna) Ja.i.347 (rosena), Ja.i.439 (kodhena); Ja.ii.277 (of a bhikkhu k …

thīna →

pts

…Snp.437 (pañcamī senā Mārassa); Iti.27, Iti.120; Pts.i.31, Pts.i.45, Pts.i.162; Pts.ii.12, Pts.ii.169 Pts.ii.179, Pts.ii.228; Pp.68;…

ti FIXME double →

pts

…of 3 spaces Ja.vi.397 (tāya senāya Mithilā t
■ parivāritā) explained as an army made up of elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry, with…

tippa →

pts

adjective piercing, sharp acute, fierce; always & only with ref. to pains, esp pains suffered in Niraya. In full combinations sarīrikā vedanā dukkhā tippā kharā MN.i.10; AN.ii.116, AN.ii.143, AN.ii.15 …

titti →

pts

satisfaction (in = loc.) Dhp.186 = Thag-a.287 (na kahāpaṇavassena t. kāmesu vijjati); n atthi t. kāmānaṃ Thig.487; Ja.v.486 (dhammesu) Vv-a.11; Pv-a.32 (˚ṃ gacchati find s.), Pv-a.55 (paṭilabhati) …

uccināti →

pts

to select, choose, search, gather, pick out or up Vin.i.73; Vin.ii.285 (aor. uccini); Ja.iv.9; Pv.iii.2#4 (nantake = gavesana-vasena gahetvāna Pv-a.185); Dpvs.iv.2.

ud + cināti

uddesa →

pts

  1. pointing out, setting forth, proposition, exposition, indication, programme MN.iii.223 (u. uddiṭṭha), MN.iii.239; SN.iv.299; Snp-a.422.
  2. explanation SN.v.110 sq.; sa-uddesa (adj.) with (the n …

ujjaṅgala →

pts

hard, barren soil; a very sandy and deserted place DN.ii.146 (˚nagaraka, trsl. “town in the midst of a jungle”, cp. Dial. ii.161); Ja.i.391; Vv.85#5 (= ukkaṃsena jangala i.e. exceedingly dusty or sa …

ukkaṃsa →

pts

exaltation, excellence, superiority (opp. avakkaṃsa) DN.i.54 (ukkaṃs-âvakkaṃsa hāyana-vaḍḍhana DN-a.i.165); MN.i.518; Vism.563 (id.) Vv-a.146 (˚gata excellent), Vv-a.335 (instr. ukkaṃsena par exc …

ukkaṭṭha →

pts

adjective

  1. exalted, high, prominent, glorious, excellent, most freq. opp. to hīna in phrase hīna-m-ukkaṭṭha-majjhime Vin.iv.7; Ja.i.20 (verse 129), Ja.i.22 (verse 143); Ja.iii. …

upadesa →

pts

pointing out, indication, instruction, advice Pv-a.26 (tadupadesena read for tadupād˚; Kp-a.208 differs at id. p.); Kp-a.100; Sdhp.227.

fr. upadisati

upapanna →

pts

  1. (-˚) possessed of, having attained, being furnished with Snp.68 (thāma-bala), Snp.212, Snp.322, Snp.1077 (ñāṇa˚, cp. Cnd.266#b and uppanna-ñāṇa).
  2. reborn, come to existence in (with acc.) SN.i …

uppajjana →

pts

adjective noun coming into existence; birth, rebirth Pv-a.9 (˚vasena), Pv-a.33 (id.).

fr. uppajjati

usseneti →

pts

to draw on to oneself, to be friendly SN.iii.89 (variant reading ussi˚) AN.ii.214 sq. (opp. paṭisseneti); Pts.ii.167 (ussi˚); Kv.i.93 (reading ussineti + visineti). See also paṭiseneti.

denom. fr. u …

vacana →

pts

  1. speaking, utterance, word, bidding SN.ii.18 (alaṃ vacanāya one says rightly); SN.iv.195 (yathā bhūtaṃ); AN.ii.168; Snp.417, Snp.699 Snp.932, Snp.984, Snp.997; Mil.235; Pv.ii.2#7; Snp-a.343, Snp-a …

vanatha →

pts

underwood, brushwood, thicket. Does not occur in lit meaning, except in exegesis of Dhp.283 at Dhp-a.iii.424 q.v. under vana1. Another defn is given at Snp-a.24 “taṇhā pariyuṭṭ …

vasa →

pts

power, authority, control, influence SN.i.43, SN.i.240 (kodho vo vasam āyātu: shall be in your power; vasa = āṇāpavattana K.S. i.320); MN.i.214 (bhikkhu cittaṃ vasaṃ vatteti, no ca cittassa vasena v …

vatthi →

pts

  1. the bladder Vin.iii.117; Ja.i.146; Snp.195; Vism.144 = Dhs-a.117; Vism.264, Vism.345 (mutta˚) 362; DN-a.i.161; Vb-a.248.
  2. the pudendum: see ˚*kosa*.
  3. a clyster (-bag): see ˚ …

vaṭṭa →

pts

Vaṭṭa1

adjective noun

  1. round circular; (nt.) circle Pv-a.185 (āyata +); Kp-a.50 (˚nāli). See cpd. -aṅguli.
  2. (fig.) “rolling on,” the “round” of existences, cycle of transmigrati …

vegha →

pts

at DN.ii.100 (˚missakena, translation Rh. D. “with the help of thongs”) = SN.v.153 (T. reads vedha˚), & Thag.143 (˚missena, translation “violence”) may with Kern,

Toevoegselen

s. v be taken as *ve …

vidhamana →

pts

destroying, scattering, dispersing Mil.244 (Maccu-sena˚).

fr. vidhamati

vidhamati →

pts

-eti (trs.) to destroy, ruin; do away with, scatter
■ (intrs.) to drop off, fall away, to be scattered, to roll or whirl about. Both vidhamati & ˚eti; are used indiscriminately although the Cau …

vidhūpeti →

pts

(˚dhūpayati)

  1. to fumigate, perfume, diffuse Mil.252.
  2. to scatter, destroy Vin.i.2 (vidhūpayaṃ Māra-senaṃ); SN.i.14; SN.iii.90 = AN.v.325; SN.iv.210; Pts.ii.167

pp *[vidhūpita](/define/vidhūpita …

viseni →

pts

Viseni˚

“without an enemy,” in -katvā making armyless, i.e. disarming Snp.833, Snp.1078. Explained in the Niddesa as “keep away as enemies, conquering” Mnd.174 = Cnd.602 (where Nd i.reads paṭiseni …

visesana →

pts

distinguishing, distinction, qualification, attribute Vv.16#10; Ja.iii.11; Ja.vi.63; Snp-a.181, Snp-a.365, Snp-a.399; Vv-a.13
■ instr. avisesena (adv.) without distinction, at all events, anyh …

viyūḷha →

pts

  1. massed, heaped; thick, dense (of fighting) MN.i.86 = Cnd.199#5 (ubhato viyūlḥaṃ sangāmaṃ massed battle on both sides); AN.iii.94, AN.iii.99 (sangāma, cp. SN.iv.308); Ja.vi.275 (balaggāni viyūḷhāni; …

vohārika →

pts

…(ministers) are given senānāyakā those of defence, and vohārikā of justice cp. Vin.ii.158; Vin.iii.45 (purāṇa-vohāriko…

vā →

pts

indeclinable part. of disjunction: “or”; always enclitic Kp viii. (itthiyā purisassa vā; mātari pitari vā pi). Usually repeated vā-vā (is it so-) or, either-or, e.g. Snp.1024 (Brahmā vā Indo vā p …

vāhin →

pts

…(miga˚; explained as “aneka-sahassa-sankhā migasenā”); Ja.vi.581.

fr. vāha

vānara →

pts

monkey, lit. “forester” Thag.399 = Dhp.334; Thag.454; Ja.ii.78 (Senaka), Ja.ii.199 sq. (Nandiya), Ja.iii.429; Ja.iv.308; Ja.v.445; Mil.201; Dhp-a.ii.22.

  • -inda monkey king Ja.i.2 …

ya-kāra →

pts

Ya-kāra

  1. the letter (or sound) y: Ja.i.430 (padasandhikara); Ja.iii.433 (vyañjana-sandhi-vasena gahita).
  2. the letter (or syllable) ya: Ja.v.427 (nipāta-matta). It is referred to at Vin.iv.7 …

yajati →

pts

to sacrifice, to make an offering (yaññaṃ); to give alms or gifts-In the P. literature it refers (with yañña, sacrifice) either (when critical) to the Brahmanic rites of sacrificing to the gods accor …

yakkha →

pts

…DN.iii.194; Snp-a.209 -senāpati chief-commander of the yakkha-army Ja.iv.478; Snp-a.197.

Vedic yakṣa, quick ray of…

yapeti FIXME double →

pts

…lead to (acc.) Ja.vi.458 (sasenāvāhanaṃ yāpesi); Snp-a.184 (devalokaṃ yāpetuṃ samattha fit to bring one to the d-world) 3. to get…

yasa →

pts

Yaso & Yasa

neuter glory, fame, repute success, high position. On term as used with ref. to the brahmin see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 128, 129. The prevailing idea of Dhammapāla is that yaso consist …

yaso →

pts

Yaso & Yasa

neuter glory, fame, repute success, high position. On term as used with ref. to the brahmin see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 128, 129. The prevailing idea of Dhammapāla is that yaso consist …

yathā →

pts

adverb as, like, in relation to, after (the manner of)
■ As prep. (with acc.): according (to some condition, norm or rule): yathā kāmaṃ (already Vedic) according to his desire …

yebhuyya →

pts

abundant, numerous, most. Not found as adj. by itself, except in phrase yebhuyya-vasena mostly, as a rule Thag-a.51 and Pv-a.136, which is identical with the usual instr. *[yebhuyyena](/define/ye …

yiṭṭha →

pts

med. having sacrificed DN.i.138 (mahā-yaññaṃ y. rājā)
pass.: sacrificed, (nt.) sacrifice DN.i.55 (dinna, y huta); explained at DN-a.i.165 by “mahāyāga” Vb.328 (id.); Ja.i …

yojeti →

pts

  1. to yoke, harness, tie, bind Pv.ii.9#36 (vāhana, the draught-bullock); Mhvs.35, Mhvs.40 (yojayi aor.; variant reading for yojāpayi); Pv-a.74 (sindhave).
  2. to furnish (with), combine, unite, mix, …

yuga →

pts

  1. the yoke of a plough (usually) or a carriage Dhp-a.i.24 (yugaṃ gīvaṃ bādhati presses on the neck); Pv-a.127 (ratha˚); Sdhp.468 (of a carriage) Also at Snp.834 in phrase dhonena yugaṃ samāgamā w …

yutti →

pts

“fitting,” i.e.

  1. application, use Mil.3 (opamma˚).
  2. fitness vāda˚, Kv-a.37; in instr. yuttiyā in accordance with Mhvs.10, Mhvs.66 (vacana˚); Sdhp.340 (sutti˚); and abl *[yuttito](/define/yutti …

yāga →

pts

  1. A (brahmanic) sacrifice, known otherwise as mahāyāga (or pl ˚yāgā), and consisting of the 4: assamedha, purisamedha sammāpāsa, vāja-peyya. Thus mentioned at SN.i.76 & Snp.3 …

yāpeti →

pts

…lead to (acc.) Ja.vi.458 (sasenāvāhanaṃ yāpesi); Snp-a.184 (devalokaṃ yāpetuṃ samattha fit to bring one to the d-world) 3. to get…

yāva →

pts

adverb

  1. (as prep.) up to (a point), as far as, how far so far that (cp. tāva I), both temporal and local, used either with absolute form of noun or adj. (base), or nom., or abl. or *acc …

āhiṇḍati →

pts

…in (w. acc.) Vin.i.203 (senāsana-cārikaṃ), Vin.i.217; Vin.ii.132 (na sakkoti vinā daṇḍena āhiṇḍituṃ); Vin.iv.62; Ja.i.48…

ākāsa →

pts

Ākāsa1

air, sky, atmosphere; space. On the concept see Cpd. 5, 16, 226. On a fanciful etym. of ākāsa (fr. ā + kassati of kṛṣ) at Dhs-a.325 see Dhs trsl. 178. DN.i.55 (˚ṃ indriyāni …

ālaya →

pts

  1. orig. roosting place, perch i.e. abode settling place, house Ja.i.10 (geh˚); Mil.213; Dhp-a.ii.162 (an˚ = anoka), Dhp-a.ii.170 (= oka).
  2. “hanging on”, attachment, desire, clinging, lust SN.i.13 …

ārabbha →

pts

…DN.i.180; AN.ii.27; Iti.103 (senāsanaṃ ā.); Snp.972 (upekhaṃ; variant reading ārambha C. uppādetvā); Pv.4.1 (pubbe pete ā.); Dhp-a.i.3;…

ārādheti →

pts

  1. to please, win favour, propitiate, convince Ja.i.337 (dārake), Ja.i.421, Ja.i.452; Ja.ii.72 (manusse); Ja.iv.274 (for ābhirādheti T.); Vism.73 (ārādhayanto Nāthassa vana-vāsena mānasaṃ); Dhp-a.ii …

āvajjati →

pts

  1. to reflect upon, notice, take in advert to, catch (a sound), listen Ja.i.81; Ja.ii.423; Ja.v.3; Mil.106.
  2. to remove, upset (a vessel), pour out Vin.i.286 (kumbhiṃ); Ja.ii.102 (gloss āsiñcati)

ca …

āvāhana →

pts

…“getting up, bringing together”, i.e. a mass, a group or formation, in senā˚ a contingent of an army Ja.iv.91.

ā + vshana, of vah