(-˚) (˚pātu) indeclinable visible open, manifest; only in compound with kṛ; and bhū, and with the rule that pātu˚ appears before cons., whereas pātur˚ stands before vowels.

  1. with kṛ; (to make appear): pres. pātukaroti Snp.316; Ja.iv.7; Pp.30; Snp-a.423; aor. pātvākāsi SN.ii.254; Dhp-a.ii.64; pp pātukata Vv.84#41
  2. with bhū (to become manifest to appear): pres. pātubhavati DN.i.220; DN.ii.12, DN.ii.15, DN.ii.20 DN.ii.226; MN.i.445; SN.iv.78; Pv.ii.9#41 (pot. ˚bhaveyyuṃ) aor. pāturahosi [cp. BSk. prādurabhūt Jtm. 211]; Vin.i.5; DN.i.215; DN.ii.20; SN.i.137; Pv.ii.8#6; Mil.10, Mil.18; Vv-a.188; pl. pāturahaṃsu Ja.i.11, & -ahiṃsu Ja.i.54. pp. pātubhūta SN.iii.39; Dhs.1035; Pv-a.44.
  • -kamma making visible, manifestation SN.ii.254; Dhp-a.iv.198.
  • -bhāva appearance, coming into manifestation MN.i.50; SN.ii.3; SN.iv.78; AN.i.266; AN.ii.130; Snp.560 Snp.998; Ja.i.63; Cnd. s.v.; Vism.437.

cp. Vedic prāduḥ in prādur + bhu; on t for d see Geiger,

Pali Grammar

§ 39#4. As regards etym. Monier Williams suggests prā = pra + dur, door thus “before the door, openly”; cp. dvāra