wealth, usually wealth of money, riches, treasures
- Lit. DN.i.73 (sa˚); MN.ii.180.; AN.iii.222; AN.iv.4 sq. Cnd.135 (+ yasa, issariya etc.) Thig.464 (+ issariya) Ja.i.225 (paṭhavigataṃ karoti: hide in the ground), Ja.i.262 Ja.i.289; Ja.ii.112; Ja.iv.2; Snp.60, Snp.185, Snp.302; Pv.ii.6#10; Dhp-a.i.238. Often in combination aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga to indicate immense wealth (see aḍḍha) Pv-a.3, Pv-a.214 etc (see also below ˚dhañña).
- fig. Used in the expression sattavidha-ariya-dhana “the 7 fold noble treasure” of the good qualities or virtues, viz. saddhā cāga etc. (see enumerated under cāga) DN.iii.163, DN.iii.164, DN.iii.251; Vv-a.113; Thag-a.240.
- -agga the best treasure (i.e. the ariya-dhana) DN.iii.164;
- -atthika wishing for or desiring wealth Snp.987
- -āsā craving for wealth;
- -kkīta bought for money Dhp-a.ii.3,
- -thaddha proud of wealth, snobbish Snp.104
- -dhañña, usually Dvandva-cpd. “money & money’s worth,” but as adj. (always in phrase pahūta˚) it may be taken as Tatpuruṣa “rich in treasures,” otherwise “possessing money & money’s worth” cp. pahūtadhanadhaññavā Ja.i.3. As n. Pv.i.11#11; Pv.iii.10#4; Pv-a.60; Mil.2, Mil.280; as adj. freq. “pahūtadhana-dhañña Vv.63#13 = Pv.ii.6#11: Pv-a.97. Thus in ster. formula of aḍḍha mahaddhana etc. DN.iii.163 sq.; SN.i.71; AN.ii.86
- -parājaya loss of money, as adj. appl. to kali: the dice marking loss in game Snp.659;
- -lobha “greed of gold Ja.iv.1;
- -lola = lobha Ja.ii.212;
- -viriya wealth & power Snp.422;
- -hetu for the sake of wealth Snp.122.
Ved. dhana; usually taken to dhā (see dadhāti) as “stake, prize at game, booty,” cp. pradhāna & Gr. χέμα; but more likely in orig. meaning “grain, posses sion of corn, crops etc.,” cp. Lith. dūna bread, Sk dhānā pl. grains & dhañña = dhana-like, i.e. corn grain