“becoming”, (form of) rebirth, (state of) existence, a “life.” There are 3 states of existence conventionally enumerated as kāma˚ rūpa˚, arūpa˚; or sensual existence, deva-corporeal, formless existence (cp. rūpa) DN.ii.57; DN.iii.216; SN.ii.3 SN.iv.258; AN.ii.223; AN.iii.444; Mnd.48; Cnd. s.v. dhātu B. Vism.210 = DN-a.i.34; Vism.529; Vb-a.204
■ Another view is represented by the division of bhava into kamma˚; and upapatti˚; (uppatti˚), or the active functioning of a life in relation to the fruitional, or resultant way of the next life (cp. Cpd. 43) Vb.137 Vism.571; Vb-a.183; also in def. of bhava at Cnd.471 (kamma˚ and paṭisandhika punabbhava)
■ In the “causal chain” (Paṭicca-samuppāda, q.v.) bhava is represented as condition of birth (jāti), or resultant force for new birth
■ See Snp.361, Snp.514, Snp.742, Snp.839, Snp.923 Snp.1055, Snp.1133; Dhp.348; Mnd.274; Vb.294, Vb.358; Vism.556 sq.; Dhp-a.iv.221; Sdhp.33, Sdhp.333, Sdhp.335
■ On itibhav’ ābhava see iti, and add ref. Vb.375
■ A remarkable use of bhava as nt. (obstr.) to bhū (in cpd.) is to be noted in the def. given by Bdhgh. of divya = divi bhavaṃ (for divi-bhū) Kp-a.227; Snp-a.199; and mānasaṃ = manasi bhavaṃ (for manasi-bhū) Kp-a.248, cp. Pāṇini iv.3, 53 Similarly āroga bhava health Dhp-a.i.328 for ˚bhava-Cp. anu˚, vi˚, sam˚.
-agga the best (state of) existence, the highest point of existence (among the gods) Ja.iii.84; Vb.426; Mil.132; Kp-a.179, Kp-a.249; Snp-a.17, Snp-a.41, Snp-a.507; often as highest “heaven” as opposed to Avīci, the lowest hell; thus at Ja.iv.182; Ja.vi.354; Mil.336. -aṅga constituent of becoming, function of being, functional state of subconsciousness i.e. subliminal consciousness or subconscious life-continuum, the vital continuum in the absence of any process (of mind, or attention) (thus Mrs Rh. D. in Expos. 185 n.), subconscious individual life See on term Cpd. 26 sq., 265–267; & cp.; Dhs trsl. 134, Ja.vi.82; Mil.299 sq.; Vism.164, Vism.676; Dhs-a.72, Dhs-a.140 Dhs-a.269; Dhp-a.i.23; Vb-a.81, Vb-a.156 sq., Vb-a.406. -antaga “gone to the ends of existence,” past existence, epithet of the Bhagavan Buddha Vism.210. -antara an existence interval, i.e. transition fr. one life to another, a previous or subsequent life Vism.553 sq. -ābhava this or that life, any form of existence some sort of existence Snp.1060, Snp.1068; Mnd.48, Mnd.109, Mnd.284; Cnd.472, Cnd.664 A Thag.784 (Thag-a mahantāmahanta bh.) Thag-a.71 (Ap. v 30); Vb-a.501. -āsava the intoxicant of existence DN.iii.216; Vb.364, Vb.373. -uppatti coming into (a new ex
■ Four such bh- uppattis lead to rebirth among the foll. gods: the paritt’-ābhā devā, the appamāṇ’ābhā d., the sankiliṭṭh’-ābhā d., the parisuddh’-ābhā d MN.iii.147. -esanā longing for rebirth DN.iii.216, DN.iii.270 -ogha the flood of rebirth (see ogha) Mnd.57, Mnd.159 Vism.480. -cakka the wheel or round of rebirth equivalent to the Paṭicca-samuppāda Vism.529 Vism.576 sq.; in the same context at Vb-a.138, Vb-a.194 sq -carimakā the last rebirth Vism.291. -taṇhā craving for rebirth DN.iii.212, DN.iii.216, DN.iii.274; SN.v.432; Snp.746; Vb.101, Vb.358, Vb.365; Thig.458; Thag-a.282; Vb-a.iii.133 -netti [cp. BSk. bhava-netrī M. Vastu ii.307; ˚netrika iii.337] leader to renewed ex., guide to ex. Vin.i.231; Iti.38; Dhs.1059≈ (cp. Dhs-a.364 = bhava-rajju). -saṃyojana the fetter of rebirth: see arahant II. C. -salla the sting or dart of rebirth Dhp.351 (= sabbāni bhavagāmīni sallāni Dhp-a.iv.70). -sāta (pl. sātāni) the pleasures of ex., variously enumerated in sets of from one to six at Mnd.30. -ssita at Ja.v.371 read with variant reading as ghaṭa-ssita.