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surā, 167 találat.
A messenger of Kuvera. DN.iii.201
god Snp.681 (= deva Snp-a.484); name of a Bodhisatta Ja.v.12, Ja.v.13 surakaññā a goddess, a heavenly maid Ja.v.407 (= devadhītā, C.); surinda the king of gods Mhbv.28. Opp asura. …
… ■ Five kinds of surā are mentioned viz. piṭṭha˚, pūva˚, odana˚ (odaniya˚), kiṇṇapakkhitta˚…
valiant, courageous SN.i.21; Ja.i.262, Ja.i.320; Ja.ii.119; (m.) a hero, a valiant man DN.i.51 DN.i.89; DN.iii.59, DN.iii.142, DN.iii.145 sq; AN.iv.107, AN.iv.110; Snp.831; DN-a.157 …
Chief disciple of Sikhī Buddha. DN.ii.9 In the Aruṇavatī Sutta it is said that he went with Sikhī to a Brahma-world and, at the Buddha’s request, preached a sermon to the accompa …
In Pali Literature the Asuras are classed among the inferior deities together with the supaṇṇas, gandhabbas, yakkhas, garuḍas and nāgas. Rebirth as an Asura is considered as one of the four …
One of the 16 Great Nations (Mahājanapadā), mentioned in the Pitakas. The countries mentioned are Aṅga, Māgadha, Kāsī, Kosala, Vajji, Mallā, Ceti, Vaṃsa, Kuru, Pañcāla, Macchā, Sūrasena, Assaka, Avant …
A tree in the Asurabhavana SN.v.238 which lives for a whole aeon.
A class of Asuras, present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.259
A class of semi-divine beings who inhabit the Cātummahārājika realm and are the lowest among the devas. DN.ii.212 They are generally classed together with the Asuras and the Nāgas AN.iv.200 AN.iv.204 …
A class of spirits mentioned with Yakkhas, Asuras and Nāgas. They live in the South and Virūḷha is their king. DN.ii.257 DN.iii.198
King of Uttarakuru. His royal residence is Āḷakamandā and his citadel Visāṇā. His messengers are Tatolā, Tattolā, Tatotalā, Ojasi, Tejasi, Tatojasī, Sūra, Rāja, Ariṭṭha and Nemi. His lot …
A class of Asuras. They were present at the Mahāsamaya, and are spoken of as being of a fearsome shape. DN.ii.259 They are the very lowest of the Asura groups, and the Buddha warns Sunakkhatta that Ko …
A country, with its people, included in the traditional list of the sixteen Great Nations AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260
The Macchā country lay to the south or south west of Indraprastha and …
The capital of Surasena, situated on the Yamunā. Its king, soon after the death of Bimbisāra, was Avantiputta, MN.ii.83 who, judging by his name, was probably related to the royal fami …
The books mention the sixteen Mahājanapadas or Great Nations, which existed in the time of the Buddha. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 They are Kāsī, Kosala, Aṅga, Māgadha, Vajji, Mallā, Cetiya …
An Asura chief. DN.ii.259 At the Nalerupucimaṇḍa in Verañja he visited the Buddha. In answer to a question, Pahārāda tells the Buddha that there are eight wonderful characteristics of the ocean, on ac …
An Asura chieftain. The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.49f. says that on one occasion when he seized the Moon god, and on another the Sun god, both these invoked the aid of the Buddha. The Bud …
A Mahābrahmā. When the Buddha was at the Ajapālanigrodha, hesitating as to whether or not he should preach the Dhamma, Sahampati appeared before him and begged of him to open to the world the doors of …
Almost always spoken of as chief of the devas. The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.229 contains a list of his names.
- Maghavā, be …
An Asura, one of the Dānaveghasas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259
A lotus pond near Rājagaha. The Saṃyutta Nikāya mentions the Buddha as relating the story of a man who went to Sumāgadhā with the thought, “I will speculate about the world.” He saw …
A Licchavi prince of Vesāli. He was, at one time, a member of the Order and the personal attendant of the Buddha, but was later converted to the views of Korakkhattiya and went about defaming the Budd …
A devaputta, the sun or the god of the sun. Once, when he was seized by Rāhu, lord of the Asuras, he invoked the power of the Buddha, and the Buddha enjoined on Rāhu to let him go. This Rāhu did, an …
A monks whose Theragāthā verses speak of attaining the goal of the spiritual life. Thag.135–136
A devaputta. Once, when Ānanda utters high praise of Sāriputta, Susīma, who is present, reflects on it and confirms all that Ānanda has said. The retinue of Susīma listen enraptu …
A Deva. Once, when the Asuras marched against the Devas, Sakka sent for Suvīra and asked him to fight the Asuras. Suvīra agreed to do this, but was very lazy about it. This happened three times. Sakka …
An eminent lay disciple, declared by the Buddha foremost among his followers in unwavering loyalty. AN.i.26 AN.iii.451
One of the sixteen Great Nations. It is mentioned with Maccha, and was located in the south of the Kuru country. Its capital was Mathurā. It is famous in the Epics and the Purānas because of its conne …
A monk whose Theragāthā verses speak of how, by recollecting the triple Gem and the four immeasurables, he overcomes lack of food and comfort. Thag.381–386
A king of the devas, mentioned as the companion of Sakka, Pajāpati and Isāna. In battle against the Asuras, the devas of Tāvatiṃsā were asked to look upon the banner of Varuṇa in order to have all the …
An Asura chieftain, who was present with Namuci (Māra) at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259
Vepacitti was the friend of Rāhu, and when Rāhu seized Candimā and Suriya …
A town in which the Buddha once spent the rainy season at the invitation of the brahmin Verañja. Verañja visits the Buddha at the foot of the Naḷerupucimanda, where he is staying, and asks him a serie …
An Asura chieftain. All the hundred sons of Bali were named after him. DN.ii.259
He is probably identical with Verocana, lord of the Asuras’ who, according to the Saṃyutta Nikāya, SN.i.225f. went w …
One of the chief devas.
In the Tevijja Sutta DN.i.244 he is mentioned with Indra, Soma, Varuṇa, Pajāpati and Brahmā, as being invoked by the brahmins.
He was in the battle of the devas against the A …
not open to criticism, not censurable
immeasurable; infinite, boundless.
one of a class of supernatural beings, opposed to the devas; a titan.
the asura world or sphere; a collective body of asuras.
chief or lord of the asuras
- one part.
- certainty; absolute assurance
masculine & mfn.
- (m.) one shoulder.
- (mfn.) (or ekaṃsaṃ, ind.) on one shoulder, covering one s …
with certainty, with assurance; certainly, absolutely, definitely
“crow-hero”, one bold and impudent as a crow
the name of an asura; the name of māra.
fermented rice water; rice liquor
determined; affirmed; stated with assurance.
open to criticism, censurable.
the time when the sun is high; the afternoon.
whose meal is late in the day
lying late in bed, lying in bed when the sun is up
alcohol prohibition →
[[alcohol prohibition]]Alcohol restriction: see: surāmeraya - majja - ppamādatthānā. The 5th training rule.
Asura: D emons, goblin, evil spirit or titan inhabiting one of the lower worlds apāya.
Indriya: ‘abilities’, is a name for 22, partly physical, partly mental, phenomena often treated in the Suttas as well as in the Abhidhamma. They are:
6 Bases āyatana:
- eye: …
intoxicating drinks →
[[intoxicating drinks]]Intoxicating drinks: the evil effect of taking: see: surāmeraya.
progress of the disciple →
[[progress of the disciple]]Progress of the disciple: Gradual development of the 8-fold path in the: In many suttas occurs an identical passage that outlines the gradual course of development in …
Ānāpāna-sati: Awareness or mindfulness on & by in-and-out-breathing, is one of the most important trainings for reaching mental concentration and the 4 absorptions jhāna. In the Satipatthāna …
adjective not to be split or divided, not to be drawn away or caused to be dissented, inalienable Snp.255 (mitto abhejjo parehi) Ja.i.263 (varasūra…), Ja.iii.318 (˚rūpa of strong character abhijja-ha …
faith, belief, reliance, trust Dhs.12 (“sense of assurance” trsl., + saddhā), Dhs.25, Dhs.96, Dhs.288; Pv-a.223.
abhi + pasāda, cp. BSk. abhiprasāda Avs.12 (cittasyu˚) & vippasāda
feminine Rare in the older texts. It appears in two contexts. Firstly, certain conditions are said to conduce (inter alia) to serenity, to special knowledge (abhiññā), to specia …
adjective & adverb ˚-
- uninterrupted, continuous, perpetual Ja.i.223; Mil.413; Vv-a.71; Pv-a.73, Pv-a.125, Pv-a.266; Sdhp.288.
- final, absolute, complete; adv. thoroughly SN.i.130 (˚ṃ hatapu …
adjective (-˚) bent on, given to, addicted to Ja.v.427 (surā˚).
…Snp.106 (+ itthidhutta & surādhutta).;
- -vāṭa fence round an arena for wrestling Ja.iv.81. (? read akka-).
indeclinable emphatic particle
- in affirmative sentences: part. of assurance emphasis = for sure, very much (so), indeed, truly. Note. In connection with a dat. or an infin. the latter only app …
adjective to be blamed, censurable, worthy of reproach Snp.p.78 (an˚ = anuvādavimutta Snp-a.396).
grd. of anu + vadati, cp. anuvāda & Sk. avavadya
…Dhp-a.i.257), 247 (surāmeraya-pānaṃ = sevati bahulīkaroti Dhp-a.iii.356); Pv-a.61 (kammaṭṭhānaṃ). 2. to…
adverb as long as the sun does not set, before sun-down Ja.v.56 (= anatthangata-suriyaṃ C. cp. Sk. utsūra.
an + ava + sūra = suriya, with ava lengthened to āva in verse
adjective immeasurable, infinite, boundless MN.i.386; SN.v.400; AN.i.266; Thag.1089 (an˚); Pp.35; Mil.331 Sdhp.338.
a + pameyya = Sk. aprameya, grd. of a + pra + mā
(freq. spelled appamāna) adjective
- “without measure”, immeasurable, endless, boundless unlimited, unrestricted all-permeating SN.iv.186 (˚cetaso) AN.ii.73; AN.v.63; Snp.507 (mettaṃ cittaṃ bhāva …
“going away” viz.
- separation, loss Dhp.211 (piya˚ = viyoga Dhp-a.iii.276).
- loss (of property) DN.iii.181, DN.iii.182; AN.ii.166; AN.iv.283; Ja.iii.387 (atth˚).
- leakage, out flow (of water) …
…as kāḷakañjaka-bhedā asurā. The are classed with other similar inferior deities, e.g. with garuḷā, nāgā, yakkhā at Mil.117; with…
anger, malice, hatred abruptness, want of forbearance Pp.18 = Vb.357; Dhs.418, Dhs.1060, Dhs.1115, Dhs.1341 (an˚); Dhs-a.396.
probably a haplological contraction of asura-ropa. On various suggestio …
not brave, not valiant, cowardly Snp.439.
uncouth, stupid Ja.vi.292 (cp. Kern
a + sura1
adjective only in loc. -e (adv.) too soon after sunrise, too early Vv-a.65 (laddhabhattatā eating too early).
I. Relation between ava & o
Phonetically the difference between ava & o is this, that; ava is the older form, whereas o represents a later development. Histor …
sundown, sunset, acc. -ṃ as adv. at or with sundown Ja.v.56 (anāvasūraṃ metrically).
ava + sūra; ava here in function of *avaṃs see ava ii
- religious offering, oblation DN.ii.74 (dhammika); AN.iv.17, AN.iv.19; Snp.223; Mhvs.36, Mhvs.88 (particularly to subordinate divinities, cp. Mvu. translation 263) Dhp-a.ii.14 (variant reading ˚k …
- binding, bond, fetter Vin.i.21; DN.i.226, DN.i.245 (pañca kāmaguṇā); DN.iii.176; MN.ii.44; SN.i.8, SN.i.24 (Māra˚), SN.i.35, SN.i.40, SN.iv.201 sq. (5 fold) to bind the king of the Devas or Asuras, …
adjective bright, shining, resplendent Thag-a.139, Thag-a.212; Vv-a.12.
cp. Epic Sk. bhāsura fr. bhas
…Ja.iii.538; Ja.iv.115 (surā˚); Ja.v.212; Ja.vi.221, Ja.vi.399 (˚bheri); Dhp-a.iii.100 (surā˚), Dhp-a.iii.443 (˚vesa); Dhp-a.iv.195;…
knife, a dagger, kreese Thig.302; Ja.iii.370; Mil.339; cp. Mil trsln. ii.227; Thag-a.227; Dhp-a.iii.19.
Sk. kṣurikā to kṣura see khura, cp. chārikā → khara
Citta1 & Citra
adjective variegated, manifold, beautiful; tasty, sweet, spiced (of cakes), Ja.iv.30 (geṇḍuka); Dhp.171 (rājaratha); Vv.47#9; Pv.ii.11#2 (aneka˚); Pv.iv.3#13 (pūvā = madhurā …
…of mischief & destruction (asurā: Titans; petā: miserable ghosts; nerayikā sattā: beings in Niraya). A double position (dark & light) is…
…suvaṇṇā, yakkhā, asurā gandhabbā); 5 higher gods (: inhabitants of the devaloka proper) Mahārājā, Canda, Suriya, Inda, Brahmā) to…
…(dhammikā devā, adh˚ asurā) AN.i.75; AN.iii.277; Snp.404; Dhp-a.ii.86 (dohaḷa); Dhp-a.iv.185 (˚lābha); Pv-a.25 (= suddha, manohara)….
…(itthi˚); Ja.i.49 (surā˚), Ja.i.290, Ja.i.291; Ja.ii.416, Ja.iii.287; Ja.iv.223, Ja.iv.494 (surā˚); Thag-a.250 (itthi˚), Thag-a.260…
I. Two as unit
- with objective foundation:
- denoting a combination (pair, couple) or a repetition (twice). In this conn. frequent both objective …
kind of Asuras or Titans, the offspring of Danu Ja.iii.527; Ja.v.89; Mil.153; Dpvs.xvii.98.
…(as birds); AN.iv.200 (with asurā & nāgā), AN.iv.204, AN.iv.207; cp. SN.iii.250 sq.; also said to preside over child-conception: MN.i.265 sq.;…
(and ˚uja Pv.ii.1#20; Pv.ii.12#1)
- having perfume, fragrant, scentful, Ja.i.266 (su˚); Pv.ii.1#10 (= surabhigandha); Pv.ii.12#1 (sogandhiya); Vv-a.58 (read gandhikāgandhikehi).
- dealing in perfu …
…viz. 1–3 as above, 4 asurā, 5 manussā 6 devā, of which 1–4 are comprised under apāyā (conditions of suffering, q.v.) or duggatiyo (see…
A. On term
Indriya is one of the most comprehensive & important categories of Buddhist psychological philosophy & ethics meaning “controlling principle, directive force, élan, δύναμις” in t …
inhabited country, the country (opp. town or market-place), the continent politically: a province, district, county DN.i.136 (opp nigama); DN.ii.349; AN.i.160, AN.i.178; Snp.422, Snp.683, Snp.995, Sn …
adjective noun anything made with a definite object in view, prepared, arranged; or that which is fit, suitable, proper. See also DN-a.i.103 & Kp-a.115 for var. meanings.
I. Literal Meaning # …
- a basin, cup, bowl, dish Ja.i.243; Ja.ii.363; Ja.iii.225; Ja.iv.67; Ja.v.289, Ja.v.290.
- the skull (cp. kaḷopi On the form cp. Dial. i.227 n.) Ja.vi.592.
Name of a class of Titans Pv-a.272 (kāḷa-k˚-bhedā Asurā; should we read khañjaka? Cp. Hardy Manual of Buddhism 59).
the hoof of an animal Vv.64#10 (of a horse = turagānaṃ khuranipāta, the clattering of a horse’s hoof Vv-a.279), cp. Sk. kṣura, a monkey’s claw Sp. Avs.i.236.
khura-kāse MN.i.44 …
- m. a class of fairies or genii grouped with Yakkhas, Rakkhasas and Asuras SN.ii.258 (k˚ puriso vehāsaṃ gacchanto); Ja.i.204; Ja.iii.147 (with def.); Mil.267; Dhp-a.i.280; Pgdp.60.
- nt. a kind of …
the crow; freq. in similes: SN.i.124; Snp.448; Ja.i.164. Its thievish ways are described at Dhp-a.iii.352; said to have ten bad qualities AN.v.149; Ja.i.342; Ja.iii.126; kākā vā kulalā vā Vin.iv.40 …
Kāla & Kāḷa
- dark (syn. kaṇha, which cp. for meaning and applications), black, blueblack, misty, cloudy. Its proper sphere of application is the dark as opposed to light, and i …
- Objective: pleasantness, pleasure-giving, an object of sensual enjoyment.
- Subjective: (a) enjoyment, pleasure on occasion of sense, (b) sense-desire.
Buddhist commentators exp …
…Vin.iv.109, cp Ja.i.360 (surā).
of doubtful origin, fr. kapota, but probably popular etym., one may compare Sk. kāpiśāyana, a sort of…
group, heap, collection, aggregate, body
Definitions and synonyms
Snp-a.31 gives the foll. synonyms and similes of kāya: kuṭī, guhā (Snp.772), deha, sandeha (Dhp.148 = Thag.20), nāvā (Dhp.3 …
Kāla & Kāḷa
- dark (syn. kaṇha, which cp. for meaning and applications), black, blueblack, misty, cloudy. Its proper sphere of application is the dark as opposed to light, and i …
…drink of (-˚ Ja.iv.117 (surā-meraya˚).
- -aṭṭhika the kernel (of the fruit) of Bassia latifolia Vism.353 =…
…= majjapāna); Vv-a.73 (= surā ca merayañ ca); Sdhp.267. 2. drinking place Ja.iv.223 (= pān’ āgāra).
- -pa one who drinks strong…
bolster Ja.iv.87; Ja.vi.185.
connected with masāraka
…reading ˚patta for ˚matta); Vv-a.158 (hatthi matto elephant in rut) Dhp-a.iv.24 (id.); Pv-a.47 (surā˚), Pv-a.86 (māna-mada˚), Pv-a.280…
…rum, usually combined with surā. DN.i.146 DN.i.166; MN.i.238; Pp.55; Dhp.247; Ja.iv.117 (pupphāsav-ādi, i.e. made fr….
adjective finding or giving delight, delighting in, pleasurable, gladdening. SN.ii.53 (vedanā) AN.ii.59 AN.ii.61 Iti.112
Although nir + vā “to blow”. (cp. BSk. nirvāṇa) is already in use in the Vedic period (see nibbāpeti), we do not find its distinctive ap …
adjective unvanquished Mil.192 (˚kammasūrā), Mil.332 (˚vijita-sangāma); Sdhp.360.
Sk. nirjita, nis + jita
state of being settled, certainty, reliance surety, being fixed in (-˚) SN.ii.25 (dhamma˚ + dhammaṭṭhitatā); AN.i.286 (id.), Ja.i.113 (saddhammassa n assurance of…); Kv.586 (accanta˚ final assurance …
…made of rice-gruel Vin.iii.59 (˚ghara a ricekitchen); Vv-a.73 (˚surā rice-liquor).
fr. odana, cp. Sk. odanika
adjective general, various, any; abundant, many Ja.v.40 (= bahu salabha C.); Mil.408 (˚jana) Dāvs iv.11, Dāvs iv.50; Vv-a.213 (˚jano for yādisakīdiso Vv.50#11). See also pasura.
cp. late Sk. pracura
struck, beaten (of metal) Ja.vi.217 (suvaṇṇa).
pp. of pahaṃsati1
gladdened, happy, cheerful, delighted Vin.iii.14; Ja.i.278 (twice; once as *- …
only neg. ap˚; immeasurableness Vb.272 sq. (catasso appamaññāyo viz. mettā, karuṇā, muditā, upekhā). See appamaññā.
abstr. fr. pamāṇa, for *pamānyā, grd. form. of pa + *[mā …
(-˚) adjective to be measured, measurable, only in foll. cpd appameyya not to be measured, illimitable, unfathomable SN.i.148; SN.v.400; MN.iii.71, MN.iii.127; AN.i.266; Vv.34# …
…SN.v.397; AN.i.212 (surāmerayamajja˚) = SN.ii.69; AN.i.16 sq.; AN.ii.40; AN.iii.6, AN.iii.421, AN.iii.449 AN.iv.195, AN.iv.294,…
- measure, size, amount SN.ii.235; AN.i.88; AN.iii.52, AN.iii.356 sq.; AN.v.140 sq. Mil.285 (cp. trsl. ii.133, n. 2); Snp-a.137; Vv-a.16; Pv-a.55 (ghaṭa˚), Pv-a.70 (ekahattha˚), Pv-a.99 (*tāla …
adjective to be measured, neg. a˚ countless, immeasurable Mil.331, Mil.388; Pv-a.212.
grd. of parimināti
measure, extent, limit, as adj. (-˚) measuring, extending over, comprising Ja.i.45; Snp-a.1 (pariyatti˚); Pv-a.113 (yojana˚), Pv-a.102 (anekabhāra˚)
■ neg. aparimāṇa witho …
“complete Nibbāna” in two meanings:
- complete extinction of khandhalife; i.e. all possibility of such life & its rebirth, final release from (the misery of) rebirth and transmigration death (after …
- surrounding, suite, retinue, followers, entourage, pomp Ja.i.151; Ja.iv.38; Ja.vi.75; Pv-a.21, Pv-a.30 (˚cāga-cetana, read pariccāga-cetana?); usually as adj.-˚ surrounded by, in company of …
adjective many, abundant Ja.vi.134 (= rāsi, heap C.). We should probably read pacura as at Ja.v.40 (= bahu C.).
adjective dusty; (m.) a dusty robe Kp-a.171 (variant reading paṃsukūla).
Epic Sk. pāṃśuka; Ved. pāṃsura
indeclinable directional prefix in well-defined meaning of “back (to), against towards, in opposition to, opposite.” As preposition (with acc. and usually postponed) towards, near by, at usually …
rival hero or fighter, an opponent in fight Snp.831 (= paṭipurisa paṭisattu paṭimalla Mnd.172); Mnd.173 (id.).
paṭi + sūra
…with narakā, tiracchā, asurā); Vb-a.455 (as nijjhāmataṇhikā, khuppipāsikā, paradatt’ upajīvino). 3. (happy ghosts) mahiddhikā petī…
…thirsty SN.i.143; SN.ii.110 (surā˚); Ja.vi.399; Mil.318 (kilantatasita-p.); Vism.262; Pv-a.127; Sdhp.151.
pp. of pipāsati, Desid. fr. pā,…
- -surā (intoxicating) extract or spirits of flour Vv-a.73.
pp. of piṃsati2. cp. Sk….
pus, matter, corruption MN.i.57; MN.iii.90; SN.i.150; SN.ii.157; AN.i.34; Ja.ii.18; Mil.382; Pv-a.80
■ In detail discussed (as one of the 32 ākāras) at Vism.261, Vism.360; Kp- …
- an individual, as opposed to a group (sangha or parisā), person, man; in later philosophical (Abhidhamma) literature = character, soul (= attan). DN.i.176; MN.iii.58; SN.i.93 sq.; SN.iii.25; AN.i.8 …
…Vin.iii.151; Ja.i.302 (= surā-geha C.); Vb.247; Vb-a.339.
Vedic pāna, fr. pā, pibati = Lat. bibo, pp. pīta, Idg….
- to give to drink, to make drink DN.ii.19; Snp.398 (Pot. pāyaye); Mil.43 Mil.229; Dhp-a.i.87 (amataṃ); Vv-a.75 (yāguṃ); Pv-a.63 aor. apāyesi SN.i.143; ger. pāyetvā Ja.i.202 …
…intoxication liquors, see surā); Pv-a.244 See also Vin. Texts i.39 (sweetmeats, sent as presents).
cp. Sk. pūpa; with v…
kind of harmful (nocturnal) demon, usually making the water its haunt and devouring men Thag.931; Snp.310 (Asura˚) Ja.i.127 (daka˚ = udaka˚), Ja.i.170 (id.); Ja.vi.469 (id.); Dhp-a.i.367 (˚pariggahit …
- dyed, coloured MN.i.36 (dūratta-vaṇṇa difficult to dye or badly dyed MN-a.167 reads duratta and explains as durañjita-vaṇṇa opp. suratta ibid.); Snp.287 (nānā-rattehi vatthe …
Name of an Asura: see under Proper Names
■ rāhumukha “mouth of Rāhu,” designation of a certain punishment for criminals (MN.i.87; MN.iii.164 Mnd.154 (in list of tortures) = Cn …
the art of Sambari, jugglery SN.i.239 (translation “Sambara’s magic art”). Sambara is a king of the Asuras.
sambarī + māyā
adjective commeasurable; neg. a˚; Ja.vi.283.
metric for ˚tulya, grd. of saṃ + tuleti
and Sassu (f.) mother-in-law Vin.iii.137; AN.ii.78; Thig.407; Snp.125; Ja.i.337; Ja.iii.425 sq.; Ja.v.286 (gen. sassuyā); Dhp-a.i.307; Vv-a.110 Vv-a.121; Pv-a.89. sassu-sasure, see *[sasura]( …
…(sassura); Ja.i.337 sassu-sasurā mother-and father-in-law Ja.ii.347; Ja.iii.182 Ja.iv.38; Ja.vi.510; the form sassura Thig.407 has probably…
bed, couch MN.i.502; AN.i.296; Vin.ii.167 (˚aggena by the surplus in beds); Snp.29, Snp.152 Snp.535; Dhp.305, Dhp.309; Pv.ii.3#11; Pv.iv.1#2; Ja.vi.197 (gilāna sick-bed). Four kinds AN.ii.244; Vb-a. …
adjective gentle, kind, humble, self-restrained MN.i.125; SN.i.65 SN.iv.305 (text, sūrata); AN.ii.43; AN.iii.349, AN.iii.393 sq.; Snp.309 Snp.515, Snp.540; Ja.iv.303; Dhp-a.i.56.
= su + rata, with …
…effect, cp. Ja.ii.431 itthi-surā-maṃsa-soṇḍa); yuddhasoṇḍa Ja.i.204; dāsi-soṇḍa a libertine Ja.v.436 (+ surā˚)…
in cpd. surā˚; a drunkard Ja.v.433; Ja.vi.30.
soṇḍa + ka
indeclinable a part. of exclamation “shoo!”; usually repeated su su Ja.ii.250; Ja.vi.165 (of the hissing of a snake); Thag-a.110 (scaring somebody away), Thag-a.305 (sound of puffi …
medicinal plant Vin.i.201; cp. Deśīnāmamālā viii.40.
cp. Sk. surasī, “basilienkraut” BR; fr. surasa
adjective (in good sense:) well-loving, devoted: see soracca; (in bad sense:) sexual intercourse thus wrongly for soracca at Ja.iii.442 C., with expln as “dussīlya.” C …
adjective blameable, faulty DN.i.163; DN.ii.215; MN.i.119; SN.v.66, SN.v.104 sq.; Snp.534; Pp.30, Pp.41 (nt.) what is censurable, sin Ja.i.130; Mil.392; Vb-a.382 (mahā˚ or appa˚, with ref. to var. cr …
…use of) intoxicants, viz. surā-meraya-majjapamāda-ṭṭhānā veramaṇī. These five also from the first half of the 10 sikkha-padāni….
soft, mild Ja.vi.286; Mhbv.75; kindly disposed SN.iv.305. Cp. surata & sorata.
adjective wise Mhvs.26, Mhvs.23.
valour SN.v.227 (text, sūra); Ja.i.282; Mil.4.
abstr. fr. sūra1
adjective cutting off, destroying; f. -anī Ja.v.16 (surā).
fr. ud + chid
- indicating, with signs or indications Ja.iii.354 = Mil.230.
- prep w. acc.:
- (lit.) pointing to, tending towards, towards to Pv-a.250 Suraṭṭha-visayaṃ)
- (appld.</sup …
basis, reliance, support, foundation, assurance, certainty; esp. sufficing condition or qualification for Arahantship (see long article in Childers s. v.); no 9 in the 24 paccayas, Tikapatthāṇa, Tikap …
adjective over-full, overflowing AN.iii.231, AN.iii.234 (˚jāta, of a kettle, with vv.ll. ussuraka˚ & ussuka˚).
fr. ussada 4
adjective “sun-out”, the sun being out; i.e. after sunrise or after noon, adverbially in -bhatta eating after mid-day, unpunctual meals AN.iii.260, and -seyyā sleep after sunrise, sleeping lat …
neuter lit. covering a certain space, measuring; the defns given by Dhpāla refer it to “without measure,” i.e. immeasurable. Thus = vigata-māne appamāṇe mahanta vara-p …
cleansed, discarded as rāga, given up SN.iv.158 (dosa); Ja.iii.404 (= pahīna C.).
pp. of virājeti
shining out, resplendent Ja.ii.33 (mora… suratta-rāji …
bowl, in surā˚; for drinking spirits Ja.v.427; Dhp-a.iii.66.
vi + sthā?
- to yoke, harness, tie, bind Pv.ii.9#36 (vāhana, the draught-bullock); Mhvs.35, Mhvs.40 (yojayi aor.; variant reading for yojāpayi); Pv-a.74 (sindhave).
- to furnish (with), combine, unite, mix, …
…Sdhp.1; Pgdp.65 (piyāsava-surā, meaning?).
Referring specially to the extinction (khaya) of the āsavas & to Arahantship following as a…