Szótár

(Letölthető rövid segédanyag: Páli-Magyar Szójegyzék)

maha, 783 találat.

mahā →

bodhirasa

great, large, powerful, grand, vast, extensive

SN 3.11 sattajaṭilasuttaṃ

laddhā hi so upādānaṃ, mahā hutvāna pāvako, so āsajja ḍahe bālaṃ, naraṃ nāriñca ekadā.

AN 3.101 loṇakapallasuttaṃ

taṃ kissa hetu? asu hi bhante gaṅgāya nadiyā mahā udakakkhandho so amunā loṇaphalena loṇo na assa apeyyo'ti.

mahā →

bodhirasa

great, large, powerful, grand, vast, extensive

DN 2.24 sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ

ayaṃ kho me kāyo rūpī cātu-mahā-bhūtiko mātā-pettika-sambhavo odana-kummāsa-upacayo anicc'ucchādana-parimaddana-bhedana-viddhaṃsana-dhammo, idañ'ca pana me viññāṇaṃ ettha sitaṃ ettha paṭibaddhan'ti

UD 45 uposathasuttaṃ

puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, yā kāci mahā-nadiyo, seyyathidaṃ gaṅgā yamunā aciravatī sarabhū mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṃ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsamuddo'tveva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti

maha →

pts

…a festival called the elephant f. Ja.iv.95.

fr.; mah, see mahati & cp. Vedic nt. mahas

catumahāpatha →

bodhirasa

4-way intersection, crossroads, meeting of 4 great roads

AN 5.28 paṭhamadhammavihārīsuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, subhūmiyaṃ catumahāpathe ājaññaratho yutto assa ṭhito odhastapatodo.

cātumahābhūtika →

bodhirasa

composed of four primary elements

DN 2.24 sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ

ayaṃ kho me kāyo rūpī cātumahābhūtiko mātā-pettika-sambhavo odana-kummāsa-upacayo anicc'ucchādana-parimaddana-bhedana-viddhaṃsana-dhammo, idañ'ca pana me viññāṇaṃ ettha sitaṃ ettha paṭibaddhan'ti

cātumahāpatha →

bodhirasa

4-way intersection, crossroads, meeting of 4 great roads

DN 22.6 mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi bhikkhave dakkho goghātako vā goghātak'antevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā catumahāpathe bilaso vibhajitvā nisinno assa

DN 9.6 poṭṭhapādasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, poṭṭhapāda, puriso cātumahāpathe nisseṇiṃ kareyya pāsādassa ārohaṇāya.

cātummahāpatha →

bodhirasa

4-way intersection, crossroads, meeting of 4 great roads

SN 22.95 pheṇapiṇḍūpamasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, māyākāro vā māyākār'antevāsī vā cātummahāpathe māyaṃ vidaṃseyya.

cātummahārājika →

bodhirasa

of the Four Great Kings

MN 31 cūḷagosiṅgasuttaṃ

bhummānaṃ devānaṃ saddaṃ sutvā cātumahārājikā devā saddamanussāvesuṃ, lābhā vata bho vajjīnaṃ, suladdhalābhā vajji-pajāya, yattha tathāgato viharati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho

evamāha →

bodhirasa

one had said thus

VIN 4.8.203 seṭṭhibhariyā vatthu

vejjo ayye evam'āha, mā kira, ayye, pure kiñci adāsi

SNP 4 kasibhāradvājasuttaṃ uragavaggo 4

atha ca pana bhavaṃ gotamo evam'āha, aham'pi kho, brāhmaṇa, kasāmi ca vapāmi ca. kasitvā ca vapitvā ca bhuñjāmī'ti.

evamāhaṃsu →

bodhirasa

they had said thus

SN 20.9 nāgasuttaṃ

tam'enaṃ bhikkhū evam'āhaṃsu, m'āyasmā ativelaṃ kulāni upasaṅkamī'ti. so bhikkhu bhikkhūhi vuccamāno evam'āha, ime hi nāma therā bhikkhū kulāni upasaṅkamitabbaṃ maññissanti, kimaṅgaṃ pan'āhan'ti?

DHPa 1.1.10 cundasūkarika vatthu

bhikkhū tassa gharadvārena gacchantā taṃ saddaṃ sutvā, sūkarasaddo'ti saññino hutvā vihāraṃ gantvā satthu santike nisinnā evamāhaṃsu.

icchāmahaṃ →

bodhirasa

I wish (to), I want (to)

SN 54.9 vesālīsuttaṃ

atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi, icchām'ahaṃ, bhikkhave, aḍḍhamāsaṃ paṭisallīyituṃ. n'āmhi kenaci upasaṅkamitabbo, aññatra ekena piṇḍapātanīhārakenā'ti.

imāhaṃ →

bodhirasa

this I

MN 105 sunakkhattasuttaṃ

taṃ kiṃ maññasi, sunakkhatta, api nu so puriso amuṃ āpānīyakaṃsaṃ piveyya yaṃ jaññā, im'āhaṃ pivitvā maraṇaṃ vā nigacchāmi maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhan'ti? no h'etaṃ, bhante.

MN 22 alagaddūpamasuttaṃ

tassa purisassa uttiṇṇassa pāraṅgatassa evam'assa, bahukāro kho me ayaṃ kullo, im'āhaṃ kullaṃ nissāya hatthehi ca pādehi ca vāyamamāno sotthinā pāraṃ uttiṇṇo.

lomahaṃsa →

bodhirasa

goosebumps, hair standing on end, lit. erect hair

SN 5.5 uppalavaṇṇāsuttaṃ

atha kho māro pāpimā uppalavaṇṇāya bhikkhuniyā bhayaṃ chambhitattaṃ lomahaṃsaṃ uppādetu'kāmo samādhimhā cāvetu'kāmo yena uppalavaṇṇā bhikkhunī ten'upasaṅkami

TH 155 sambulakaccāna theragāthā

devo ca vassati devo ca gaḷagaḷāyati, ekako c'āhaṃ bherave bile viharāmi, tassa mayhaṃ ekakassa bherave bile viharato, n'atthi bhayaṃ vā chambhitattaṃ vā lomahaṃso vā.

lomahaṭṭha →

bodhirasa

with hair standing on end, with bristling hair

SNP 4 kasibhāradvājasuttaṃ uragavaggo 4

atha kho kasibhāradvājo brāhmaṇo saṃviggo lomahaṭṭha-jāto yena bhagavā ten'upasaṅkami. upasaṅkamitvā bhagavato pādesu sirasā nipatitvā bhagavantaṃ etad'avoca, abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama, abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama!

lomahaṭṭhajāta →

bodhirasa

with hair standing on end, with bristling hair

SNP 4 kasibhāradvājasuttaṃ uragavaggo 4

atha kho kasibhāradvājo brāhmaṇo saṃviggo lomahaṭṭhajāto yena bhagavā ten'upasaṅkami. upasaṅkamitvā bhagavato pādesu sirasā nipatitvā bhagavantaṃ etad'avoca, abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama, abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama!

mahabbala →

bodhirasa

very powerful

JA 531 kusa jātakaṃ

pitussa vacanaṃ sutvā, devavaṇṇī pabhāvatī, sirasā aggahī pāde, kusarājaṃ mahabbalaṃ.

mahabbhaya →

bodhirasa

great fear, great danger, enormous risk

SNP 56 ajita māṇava pucchā pārāyanavaggo 1

kena'ssu nivuto loko, kena'ssu nappakāsati, kiss'ābhilepanaṃ brūsi, kiṃ'su tassa mahabbhayaṃ.

NIDD2 2.1 ajita māṇava pucchā niddesa

kiṃ'su tassa mahabbhayan'ti kiṃ lokassa bhayaṃ mahabbhayaṃ pīḷanaṃ ghaṭṭanaṃ upaddavo upasaggoti, kiṃ'su tassa mahabbhayaṃ.

mahaddhana →

bodhirasa

having much money, rich, wealthy

DHP 123 pāpavaggo

vāṇijo'va bhayaṃ maggaṃ, appasattho mahaddhano, visaṃ jīvitu'kāmo'va, pāpāni parivajjaye.

AN 3.101 loṇakapallasuttaṃ

idha bhikkhave ekacco aḍḍho hoti mahaddhano mahābhogo. evarūpo bhikkhave aḍḍhakahāpaṇena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati, kahāpaṇena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati, kahāpaṇasatena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati.

mahaggata →

bodhirasa

exalted, lofty, lit. become great

MN 7 vatthasuttaṃ

iti uddham'adho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettāsahagatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyāpajjena pharitvā viharati.

DN 2.28 sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ

mahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ, mahaggataṃ cittan'ti pajānāti, amahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ, amahaggataṃ cittan'ti pajānāti

mahagghasa →

bodhirasa

glutton, over-eater

DHP 325 nāgavaggo

middhī yadā hoti mahagghaso ca, niddāyitā samparivattasāyī, mahāvarāho'va nivāpapuṭṭho, punappunaṃ gabbham'upeti mando.

mahallaka →

bodhirasa

old, aged

VIN 0 verañjakaṇḍaṃ

na hi bhavaṃ gotamo brāhmaṇe jiṇṇe vuḍḍhe mahallake addhagate vayoanuppatte abhivādeti vā paccuṭṭheti vā āsanena vā nimanteti

SN 22.1 nakulapitusuttaṃ

aham'asmi, bhante, jiṇṇo vuḍḍho mahallako addhagato vayoanuppatto āturakāyo abhikkhaṇ'ātaṅko.

mahallaka →

bodhirasa

old man, senior citizen

SN 35.95 mālukyaputtasuttaṃ

ettha dāni, māluṅkyaputta, kiṃ dahare bhikkhū vakkhāma yatra hi nāma tvaṃ, bhikkhu, jiṇṇo vuddho mahallako addhagato vayoanuppatto saṃkhittena ovādaṃ yācasī'ti.

mahanta →

bodhirasa

great, large, powerful, grand, mighty, vast, extensive

SNP 61 upasīva māṇava pucchā pārāyanavaggo 6

eko ahaṃ sakka mahantam'oghaṃ, anissito no visahāmi tārituṃ, ārammaṇaṃ brūhi samantacakkhu, yaṃ nissito ogham'imaṃ tareyyaṃ.

AN 5.159 udāyīsuttaṃ

tena kho pana samayena āyasmā udāyī mahatiyā gihiparisāya parivuto dhammaṃ desento nisinno hoti.

mahantatara →

bodhirasa

bigger, greater

AN 4.3 paṭhamakhatasuttaṃ

appamatto ayaṃ kali, yo akkhesu dhanaparājayo, sabbassāpi sahāpi attanā, ayam'eva mahantataro kali.

mahantatta →

bodhirasa

(of size) largeness, greatness

AN 10.15 appamādasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, yāni kānici jaṅgalānaṃ pāṇānaṃ padajātāni, sabbāni tāni hatthipade samodhānaṃ gacchanti, hatthipadaṃ tesaṃ aggamakkhāyati, yad'idaṃ mahantattena

mahapphala →

bodhirasa

of great fruit, yielding good results

DHP 356 taṇhāvaggo

tiṇadosāni khettāni, rāgadosā ayaṃ pajā, tasmā hi vītarāgesu, dinnaṃ hoti mahapphalaṃ.

MN 62 mahārāhulovādasuttaṃ

disvāna āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ āmantesi, ānāpānassatiṃ, rāhula, bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. ānāpānassati, rāhula, bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsā'ti.

mahapphalatara →

bodhirasa

even more fruitful (than), yielding better results (than)

SN 20.4 okkhāsuttaṃ

yo vā pubbaṇhasamayaṃ antamaso gadduhanamattam'pi mettacittaṃ bhāveyya … idaṃ tato mahapphalataraṃ.

mahassāsī →

bodhirasa

breathing heavily

SN 3.13 doṇapākasuttaṃ

atha kho bhagavā rājānaṃ pasenadiṃ kosalaṃ bhuttāviṃ mahassāsiṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ gāthaṃ abhāsi

mahatta →

bodhirasa

outstanding, illustrious, lit. greatness

AN 3.101 loṇakapallasuttaṃ

idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo bhāvitakāyo hoti bhāvitasīlo bhāvitacitto bhāvitapañño aparitto mahatto appamāṇavihārī.

mahatī →

bodhirasa

great, large, powerful, grand, mighty, vast, extensive

SN 42.6 asibandhakaputtasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, gāmaṇi, puriso mahatiṃ puthusilaṃ gambhīre udakarahade pakkhipeyya.

mahāakālamegha →

bodhirasa

enormous out of season rain shower, massive unseasonal downpour

SN 54.9 vesālīsuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, gimhānaṃ pacchime māse ūhataṃ rajojallaṃ, tam'enaṃ mahāakālamegho ṭhānaso antaradhāpeti vūpasameti.

mahābhiññatā →

bodhirasa

state of profound knowledge, state of higher understanding

SN 21.1 kolitasuttaṃ

yañ'hi taṃ, āvuso, sammā vadamāno vadeyya, satthārā anuggahito sāvako mahābhiññataṃ patto'ti, mamaṃ taṃ sammā vadamāno vadeyya, satthārā anuggahito sāvako mahābhiññataṃ patto'ti.

mahābhoga →

bodhirasa

wealthy, with many possessions, with great property

AN 3.101 loṇakapallasuttaṃ

idha bhikkhave ekacco aḍḍho hoti mahaddhano mahābhogo. evarūpo bhikkhave aḍḍhakahāpaṇena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati, kahāpaṇena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati, kahāpaṇasatena'pi na bandhanaṃ nigacchati.

VISM 1.9.2 karuṇā bhāvanā kathā

kiñcā'pi so tāni khādanto c'eva paribhuñjanto ca sukhito bhogasamappito viya gacchati, atha kho taṃ n'eva koci, sukhito ayaṃ mahābhogo'ti maññati

mahābhūta →

bodhirasa

primary element, earth water fire wind, lit. great element

SN 35.245 kiṃsukopamasuttaṃ

yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu catunnaṃ mahābhūtānaṃ samudayañ'ca atthaṅ'gamañ'ca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī'ti.

SN 22.57 sattaṭṭhānasuttaṃ

katamañ'ca, bhikkhave, rūpaṃ? cattāro ca mahābhūtā, catunnañ'ca mahābhūtānaṃ upādāya rūpaṃ. idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, rūpaṃ.

mahābodhi →

bodhirasa

great Bodhi tree (under which Buddha was enlightened)

VINa 1.2.3 tatiyasaṅgīti kathā

rañño imaṃ pāṭihāriyaṃ passantassa pītiyā nirantaraṃ phuṭasarīrassa añjaliṃ paggahetvā ṭhitasseva mahābodhi mūlasatena suvaṇṇakaṭāhe patiṭṭhāsi

mahābrahma →

bodhirasa

Great God Almighty, Supreme Spirit

DHPa 1.5.11 jambukatthera vatthu

kiṃ pana tvaṃ mahābrahmato'pi uttaritaro'ti? āma, jambuka, ahañ'hi brahmunā'pi atibrahmā'ti

mahācora →

bodhirasa

master thief

AN 3.51 mahācorasuttaṃ

tīhi, bhikkhave, aṅgehi samannāgato mahācoro sandhim'pi chindati, nillopam'pi harati, ekāgārikam'pi karoti, paripanthe'pi tiṭṭhati. katamehi tīhi?

mahādāna →

bodhirasa

great offering, great gift

JAa 1.N.2 avidūre nidānakathā

gandhodakena nhāyitvā cattāri satasahassāni vissajjetvā mahādānaṃ datvā sabbālaṅkāravibhūsitā varabhojanaṃ bhuñjitvā uposathaṅgāni adhiṭṭhāya

mahāgedha →

bodhirasa

great blunder, great problem, lit. great greed

SNP 45 tissametteyyasuttaṃ aṭṭhakavaggo 7

atha satthāni kurute, paravādehi codito, esa khv'assa mahāgedho, mosavajjaṃ pagāhati.

mahājana →

bodhirasa

people, public, populace

VIN 4.8.205 rājagahaseṭṭhi vatthu

atha kho jīvako komārabhacco seṭṭhiṃ gahapatiṃ mañcake nipātetvā sambandhitvā sīsacchaviṃ uppāṭetvā sibbiniṃ vināmetvā dve pāṇake nīharitvā mahājanassa dassesi.

DHPa 1.5.1 aññatarapurisa vatthu

mahājano attano attano puttadhītuñātīnaṃ atthāya paridevamāno mahāsaddam'akāsi, mahāpathavīundriyanasaddo viya ahosi.

mahājanakāya →

bodhirasa

great crowd of people, lit. great body of people

SN 47.20 janapadakalyāṇīsuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, janapadakalyāṇī, janapadakalyāṇī'ti kho, bhikkhave, mahājanakāyo sannipateyya.

mahāmatta →

bodhirasa

chief minister, chancellor, cabinet member

VIN 4.6.162 pilindavaccha vatthu

evaṃ, devā'ti kho so mahāmatto rañño māgadhassa seniyassa bimbisārassa paṭissutvā āyasmato pilindavacchassa pañca ārāmikasatāni pādāsi, pāṭiyekko gāmo nivisi

AN 4.183 sutasuttaṃ

ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalandakanivāpe. atha kho vassakāro brāhmaṇo magadha-mahāmatto yena bhagavā ten'upasaṅkami

mahāmuni →

bodhirasa

great sage

APA 18 rāhula therāpadānaṃ

kikī'va aṇḍaṃ rakkheyya, cāmarī viya vāladhiṃ, nipako sīlasampanno, mamaṃ rakkhi mahāmuni.

mahānadī →

bodhirasa

great river

UD 45 uposathasuttaṃ

puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathidaṃ gaṅgā yamunā aciravatī sarabhū mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṃ patvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsamuddo'tveva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti

DHPa 2.22.1 sundarī paribbājikā vatthu

ayaṃ pan'ettha saṅkhepo, bhagavato kira bhikkhusaṅghassa ca pañcannaṃ mahānadīnaṃ mahoghasadise lābhasakkāre uppanne hatalābhasakkārā aññatitthiyā sūriy'uggamanakāle khajjopanakā viya nippabhā hutvā ekato sannipatitvā mantayiṃsu.

mahāniraya →

bodhirasa

great hell

MN 130 devadūtasuttaṃ

hoti kho so, bhikkhave, samayo yaṃ kadāci karahaci dīghassa addhuno accayena tassa mahānirayassa puratthimaṃ dvāraṃ apāpurīyati.

mahānisaṃsa →

bodhirasa

of great benefit, highly profitable

MN 40 cūḷāssapurasuttaṃ

yesañ'ca mayaṃ cīvara-piṇḍapāta-senāsana-gilānappaccaya-bhesajja-parikkhāraṃ paribhuñjāma, tesaṃ te kārā amhesu mahapphalā bhavissanti mahānisaṃsā

MN 62 mahārāhulovādasuttaṃ

disvāna āyasmantaṃ rāhulaṃ āmantesi, ānāpānassatiṃ, rāhula, bhāvanaṃ bhāvehi. ānāpānassati, rāhula, bhāvanā bhāvitā bahulīkatā mahapphalā hoti mahānisaṃsā'ti.

mahānubhāva →

bodhirasa

of mighty power, of mighty splendour, of great majesty, of great magnificence

AN 10.69 paṭhama kathāvatthusuttaṃ

imesaṃ ce tumhe, bhikkhave, dasannaṃ kathāvatthūnaṃ upādāyupādāya kathaṃ katheyyātha, imesam'pi candimasūriyānaṃ evaṃ mahiddhikānaṃ evaṃ mahānubhāvānaṃ tejasā tejaṃ pariyādiyeyyātha, ko pana vādo aññatitthiyānaṃ paribbājakānan'ti!

JAa 1.N.2 avidūre nidānakathā

sakalaṃ lumbinīvanaṃ cittalatāvanasadisaṃ, mahānubhāvassa rañño susajjitaṃ āpānamaṇḍalaṃ viya ahosi.

mahānāga →

bodhirasa

great elephant, mighty beast

DHP 322 nāgavaggo

varam'assatarā dantā, ājānīyā ca sindhavā, kuñjarā ca mahānāgā, attadanto tato varaṃ.

SN 20.9 nāgasuttaṃ

tesaṃ'y'eva kho pana, bhikkhave, mahānāgānaṃ anusikkhamānā taruṇā bhiṅkacchāpā taṃ sarasiṃ ogāhetvā soṇḍāya bhisamuḷālaṃ abbuhetvā na suvikkhālitaṃ vikkhāletvā sakaddamaṃ asaṅkhāditvā ajjhoharanti.

mahāpatha →

bodhirasa

main road, high road, highway

DHP 58 pupphavaggo

yathā saṅkāraṭhānasmiṃ, ujjhitasmiṃ mahāpathe, padumaṃ tattha jāyetha, sucigandhaṃ manoramaṃ.

SNP 7 vasalasuttaṃ uragavaggo 7

devayānaṃ abhiruyha, virajaṃ so mahāpathaṃ, kāmarāgaṃ virājetvā, brahmalok'ūpago ahu, na naṃ jāti nivāresi, brahmalok'ūpapattiyā.

mahāpathavī →

bodhirasa

great earth

SN 56.48 dutiyachiggaḷayugasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, ayaṃ mahāpathavī ek'odakā assa. tatra puriso ekacchiggaḷaṃ yugaṃ pakkhipeyya.

SN 20.2 nakhasikhasuttaṃ

taṃ kiṃ maññatha bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho bahutaraṃ, yo v'āyaṃ mayā paritto nakhasikhāyaṃ paṃsu āropito ayaṃ vā mahāpathavī'ti?

mahāpañña →

bodhirasa

of great wisdom, very wise, very intelligent

DHP 352 taṇhāvaggo

vītataṇho anādāno, niruttipadakovido, akkharānaṃ sannipātaṃ, jaññā pubb'āparāni ca, sa ve antimasārīro mahāpañño, mahāpuriso'ti vuccati.

MN 18 madhupiṇḍikasuttaṃ

paṇḍito, bhikkhave, mahākaccāno, mahāpañño, bhikkhave, mahākaccāno

mahāpurisa →

bodhirasa

great man, great being

AN 8.30 anuruddha mahāvitakkasuttaṃ

sādhu kho tvaṃ anuruddha satta mahāpurisa-vitakke vitakkesi

AN 6.61 majjhesuttaṃ

yo ubhonte viditvāna, majjhe mantā na lippati, taṃ brūmi mahāpuriso'ti, sodha sibbinim'accagā'ti.

mahārāja →

bodhirasa

great king, supreme ruler

SN 3.11 sattajaṭilasuttaṃ

saṃvāsena kho mahārāja sīlaṃ veditabbaṃ

DN 2.19 sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, mahārāja, puriso iṇaṃ ādāya kammante payojeyya. tassa te kammantā samijjheyyuṃ.

mahāsadda →

bodhirasa

great noise, big racket

DHPa 1.5.1 aññatarapurisa vatthu

mahājano attano attano puttadhītuñātīnaṃ atthāya paridevamāno mahāsaddam'akāsi, mahāpathavīundriyanasaddo viya ahosi.

mahāsamajja →

bodhirasa

great festival (crowd)

SN 47.20 janapadakalyāṇīsuttaṃ

tam'enaṃ evaṃ vadeyya, ayaṃ te, ambho purisa, samatittiko telapatto antarena ca mahāsamajjaṃ antarena ca janapadakalyāṇiyā pariharitabbo.

mahāsamaṇa →

bodhirasa

great ascetic, Buddha

DN 16.39 mahāparinibbānasuttaṃ

alaṃ āvuso mā socittha mā paridevittha sumuttā mayaṃ tena mahāsamaṇena

mahāsamudda →

bodhirasa

great ocean, wide ocean

UD 45 uposathasuttaṃ

puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso

JAa 31 kulāvaka jātakavaṇṇanā

atha te, jarasakko amhe matte katvā mahāsamudda-piṭṭhe khipitvā amhākaṃ devanagaraṃ gaṇhi, te mayaṃ tena saddhiṃ yujjhitvā amhākaṃ devanagarameva gaṇhissāmā'ti kipillikā viya thambhaṃ sineruṃ anusañcaramānā uṭṭhahiṃsu.

mahāsamuddapiṭṭha →

bodhirasa

surface of the great ocean

JAa 31 kulāvaka jātakavaṇṇanā

atha te, jarasakko amhe matte katvā mahāsamuddapiṭṭhe khipitvā amhākaṃ devanagaraṃ gaṇhi, te mayaṃ tena saddhiṃ yujjhitvā amhākaṃ devanagarameva gaṇhissāmā'ti kipillikā viya thambhaṃ sineruṃ anusañcaramānā uṭṭhahiṃsu.

mahāsarasī →

bodhirasa

great lake

SN 20.9 nāgasuttaṃ

bhūtapubbaṃ, bhikkhave, araññ'āyatane mahāsarasī. taṃ nāgā upanissāya viharanti. te taṃ sarasiṃ ogāhetvā soṇḍāya bhisamuḷālaṃ abbuhetvā suvikkhālitaṃ vikkhāletvā akaddamaṃ saṅkhāditvā ajjhoharanti.

mahāsatta →

bodhirasa

great being

JAa 181 asadisa jātakavaṇṇanā

evaṃ mahāsatto khuddakamakkhikāya pivanamattam'pi lohitaṃ anuppādetvā satta rājāno palāpetvā kaniṭṭhabhātaraṃ apaloketvā kāme pahāya isipabbajjaṃ pabbajitvā abhiññā ca samāpattiyo ca nibbattetvā jīvitapariyosāne brahmalok'ūpago ahosi.

JAa 542 umaṅga jātakavaṇṇanā

mahāsatto pana āgacchanto kahāpaṇasahassena saddhiṃ ekasāṭakayugaṃ tambūlapasibbake ṭhapetvā āgato.

mahāsayana →

bodhirasa

grand chair, grand bed, great couch

MN 27 cūḷa hatthipadopamasuttaṃ

uccāsayana-mahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti jātarūpa-rajata-paṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti

mahāseṭṭhi →

bodhirasa

rich banker, great millionaire

DHPa 1.1.1 cakkhupālatthera vatthu

tasmiṃ samaye satthā pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbenāgantvā anāthapiṇḍikena mahāseṭṭhinā catupaṇṇāsakoṭidhanaṃ vissajjetvā kārite jetavanamahāvihāre viharati mahājanaṃ saggamagge ca mokkhamagge ca patiṭṭhāpayamāno.

mahāsāvajja →

bodhirasa

highly blameworthy, very objectionable

AN 3.69 aññatitthiyasuttaṃ

rāgo kho, āvuso, appasāvajjo dandhavirāgī, doso mahāsāvajjo khippavirāgī, moho mahāsāvajjo dandhavirāgī'ti.

mahātaṇha →

bodhirasa

great greed, enormous ambition

SNP 6 parābhavasuttaṃ uragavaggo 6

appabhogo mahātaṇho, khattiye jāyate kule, so ca rajjaṃ patthayati, taṃ parābhavato mukhaṃ.

mahāthera →

bodhirasa

great elder, monk of 20 years standing, lit. great old man

APA 28 yasodharā therīapadānaṃ

suddhodano mahārājā, gotamī ca pajāpatī, abhiññātā mahātherā, theriyo ca mahiddhikā.

mahāudakaṇṇava →

bodhirasa

great sea, great ocean, great body of water

MN 22 alagaddūpamasuttaṃ

tassa evam'assa, ayaṃ kho mahāudak'aṇṇavo, orimaṃ tīraṃ sāsaṅkaṃ sappaṭibhayaṃ, pārimaṃ tīraṃ khemaṃ appaṭibhayaṃ, n'atthi ca nāvā santāraṇī uttarasetu vā apārā pāraṃ gamanāya.

mahāvana →

bodhirasa

great forest

AN 8.53 saṃkhittasuttaṃ

ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭ'āgārasālāyaṃ

SN 20.8 kaliṅgarasuttaṃ

evaṃ me sutaṃ, ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭ'āgārasālāyaṃ. tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi, bhikkhavo'ti. bhadante'ti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. bhagavā etad'avoca.

mahāvanasaṇḍa →

bodhirasa

great dense forest

AN 3.51 mahācorasuttaṃ

kathañ'ca, bhikkhave, mahācoro gahananissito hoti? idha, bhikkhave, mahācoro tiṇagahanaṃ vā nissito hoti, rukkhagahanaṃ vā rodhaṃ vā mahāvanasaṇḍaṃ vā.

mahāvarāha →

bodhirasa

enormous wild pig, large hog

DHP 325 nāgavaggo

middhī yadā hoti mahagghaso ca, niddāyitā samparivattasāyī, mahāvarāho'va nivāpapuṭṭho, punappunaṃ gabbham'upeti mando.

mahāvihāra →

bodhirasa

great monastery

DHPa 1.1.1 cakkhupālatthera vatthu

tasmiṃ samaye satthā pavattitavaradhammacakko anupubbenāgantvā anāthapiṇḍikena mahāseṭṭhinā catupaṇṇāsakoṭidhanaṃ vissajjetvā kārite jetavana-mahāvihāre viharati mahājanaṃ saggamagge ca mokkhamagge ca patiṭṭhāpayamāno.

mahāvāta →

bodhirasa

great wind, wind storm

SN 35.246 vīṇopamasuttaṃ

so taṃ vīṇaṃ ... sakalikaṃ sakalikaṃ karitvā agginā ḍaheyya, agginā ḍahitvā masiṃ kareyya. masiṃ karitvā mahāvāte vā ophuneyya, nadiyā vā sīghasotāya pavāheyya.

AN 3.70 akusalamūlasuttaṃ

vātātape visosetvā agginā ḍaheyya, agginā ḍahitvā masiṃ kareyya, masiṃ karitvā mahāvāte vā ophuṇeyya nadiyā vā sīghasotāya pavāheyya.

mahāvīra →

bodhirasa

great hero

TH 263 mahāmoggallāna theragāthā

evam'etaṃ mahāvīra, yathā samaṇa bhāsasi, ettha c'eke visīdanti, paṅkamhi'va jaraggavo.

APA 443 vibhītakamiñjiya therāpadānaṃ

kakusandho mahāvīro, sabbadhammāna pāragū, gaṇamhā vūpakaṭṭho so, agamāsi vanantaraṃ.

mahāyañña →

bodhirasa

great sacrifice, great offering

DN 5.8 kūṭadantasuttaṃ

siyā kho pana bhoto rañño mahāyaññaṃ yajamānassa koci'd'eva vippaṭisāro, mahā vata me bhogakkhandho vigacchatī'ti, so bhotā raññā vippaṭisāro na karaṇīyo

māhaṃ →

bodhirasa

may I not

SNP 71 piṅgiya māṇava pucchā pārāyanavaggo 16

jiṇṇo'ham'asmi abalo vītavaṇṇo, nettā na suddhā savanaṃ na phāsu, m'āhaṃ nassaṃ momuho antarāva, ācikkha dhammaṃ yam'ahaṃ vijaññaṃ, jātijarāya idha vippahānaṃ.

nattamaha →

bodhirasa

night and day

SNP 61 upasīva māṇava pucchā pārāyanavaggo 6

ākiñcaññaṃ pekkhamāno satimā, natthī'ti nissāya tarassu oghaṃ, kāme pahāya virato kathāhi, taṇhakkhayaṃ nattamah'ābhipassa.

pitāmaha →

bodhirasa

grandfather

SN 17.3 kummasuttaṃ

taggha'si, tāta kumma, khato, taggha upahato. etena hi te, tāta kumma, suttakena pitaro ca pitāmahā ca anayaṃ āpannā byasanaṃ āpannā. gaccha dāni tvaṃ, tāta kumma, na dāni tvaṃ amhākan'ti.

rājamahāmatta →

bodhirasa

royal minister, cabinet member

SN 47.8 sūdasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, bālo abyatto akusalo sūdo rājānaṃ vā rājamahāmattaṃ vā nānaccayehi sūpehi paccupaṭṭhito assa.

AN 3.51 mahācorasuttaṃ

kathañ'ca, bhikkhave, mahācoro balavanissito hoti? idha, bhikkhave, mahācoro rājānaṃ vā rājamahāmattānaṃ vā nissito hoti.

tamahaṃ →

bodhirasa

I he, I that

SN 21.10 theranāmakasuttaṃ

sabb'ābhibhuṃ sabbaviduṃ sumedhaṃ, sabbesu dhammesu anūpalittaṃ, sabbañ'jahaṃ taṇhākkhaye vimuttaṃ, tam'ahaṃ naraṃ ekavihārīti brūmī'ti.

AN 8.11 verañjasuttaṃ

yassa kho, brāhmaṇa, āyatiṃ gabbhaseyyā punabbhav'ābhinibbatti pahīnā ucchinnamūlā tālāvatthukatā anabhāvaṃkatā āyatiṃ anuppādadhammā tam'ahaṃ apagabbho'ti vadāmi.

tathūpamāhaṃ →

bodhirasa

comparable in the same way, lit. like this comparison I

MN 40 cūḷāssapurasuttaṃ

seyyathā'pi, bhikkhave, matajaṃ nāma āvudhajātaṃ ubhatodhāraṃ pītanisitaṃ. tad'assa saṅghāṭiyā sampārutaṃ sampaliveṭhitaṃ. tath'ūpam'āhaṃ, bhikkhave, imassa bhikkhuno pabbajjaṃ vadāmi.

yamahaṃ →

bodhirasa

whatever I, which I, that I

AN 8.53 saṃkhittasuttaṃ

yam'ahaṃ bhagavato dhammaṃ sutvā ekā vūpakaṭṭhā appamattā ātāpinī pahitattā vihareyyan'ti

SNP 71 piṅgiya māṇava pucchā pārāyanavaggo 16

jiṇṇo'ham'asmi abalo vītavaṇṇo, nettā na suddhā savanaṃ na phāsu, m'āhaṃ nassaṃ momuho antarāva, ācikkha dhammaṃ yam'ahaṃ vijaññaṃ, jātijarāya idha vippahānaṃ.

abhibhūta →

dppn

Three verses ascribed to Abhibhūta occur in the Theragāthā, addressd to his kinsmen and retainers. Thag.255–257 The second of these verses is elsewhere SN.i.156 attributed to Abhibhū, chief disciple o …

abhiñjika →

dppn

AbhiñjikaAbhijikaĀbhiñjika

A student of Anuruddha. On one occasion when the Buddha asks Mahā Kassapa to preach to the monks, the latter reports that it is impossible to talk to them because monks lik …

accutadevā →

dppn

A class of devas mentioned among those assembled on the occasion of the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

aciravatī →

dppn

A river, the modern Rāpti in Uttar Pradesh; one of the pañca-mahānadī, Vin.ii.237 the five great rivers flowing from the Himālaya eastwards (pācīnaninnā) SN.v.39 into the sea. During the hot seas …

ajita →

dppn

Ajita1

A monk. He devoted his time to explaining the Pātimokkha rules to the monks. At the time of the Second Council he was a monk of ten years’ standing and was appointed to assign seats …

ajātasattu →

dppn

AjātasattuVedehiputta

Son of Bimbisāra, King of Māgadha, and therefore half-brother to Abhayarājakumāra. He murdered his father to gain the throne, and conspired with Devadatta to kill the Buddha, b …

akaniṭṭhā →

dppn

A class of devas, living in the highest of the five Suddhāvasā (Pure Abodes). DN.iii.237

In the Mahāpadāna Sutta DN.ii.52f. the Buddha mentions that he visited their abode and conversed with beings …

ambāṭakavana →

dppn

…world). SN.iv.283–288

  • Mahaka (who, by his magic powers, produced rain and thunderstorms and later showed a special miracle to Citta)….

anejakā →

dppn

A class of devas mentioned as having been present on the occasion of the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.160

anuruddha →

dppn

First cousin of the Buddha and one of his most eminent disciples. He was the son of the Sākyan Amitodana and brother of Mahānāma. When members of other Sākyan families had joined the Order of their di …

anurādha →

dppn

An Elder. Once when he was staying in a forest hut in the Mahāvana in Vesāli, near to where the Buddha was, certain wandering ascetics came to him and asked him whether or not a Tathāgata exists after …

ariṭṭhakā →

dppn

A class of devas who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta.

They were like azure flowers in hue (ummāpupphanibhāsino). DN.ii.260

asamā →

dppn

A class of devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. They are mentioned together with the Yama twins. DN.ii.259

assaji →

dppn

Assaji1

The fifth of the Pañcavaggiyā monks. When the Buddha preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, he was the last in whom dawned the eye of Truth, and the Buddha had to discourse to h …

assaka →

dppn

The country of Assaka is one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya.AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 It does not, however; occur in the list of twelve countries given in …

assapura →

dppn

A city in the kingdom of Aṅga. It was here that the Mahā Assapura and Cūḷa Assapura Suttas were preached by the Buddha. MN.i.271ff. MN.i.281ff.

Aṅga3town

assatara →

dppn

A tribe of Nāgas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

avanti →

dppn

One of the four great monarchies in the time of the Buddha, the other three being Māgadha, Kosala and Vaṃsa (or Vatsa). Avanti is also mentioned among the sixteen Great Nations. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN. …

avantiputta →

dppn

King of Madhurā. He once went in royal state to visit Mahā Kaccāna who was staying in the Gundā Grove in Madhurā.

Their discussion is recorded in the Madhura Sutta. MN.ii.83–90

It is said that after …

aṅga →

dppn

One of the 16 Great Nations (Mahājanapadā), mentioned in the Pitakas. The countries mentioned are Aṅga, Māgadha, Kāsī, Kosala, Vajji, Mallā, Ceti, Vaṃsa, Kuru, Pañcāla, Macchā, Sūrasena, Assaka, Avant …

bahuputtakanigrodha →

dppn

Mahā Kassapa says that while yet a “learner” he paid homage to the Buddha at a Bahuputtaka-nigrodha where the Buddha had gone to meet him. The Buddha taught him of the training to be followed and, pr …

bharaṇḍukālāma →

dppn

A recluse, once a co-disciple of the Buddha in the holy life. Once, when the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu and wanted lodging for the night, Mahānāma suggested that he should go to the hermitage of Bha …

bhesakalāvana →

dppn

A grove in the Bhagga country. It contained a Deer Park wherein the Buddhastayed, on Suṃsumāragiri. Nearby was the house in which lived Nakulapitā and Nakulamātā. AN.ii.61 AN.iii.295 SN.iii.1 SN.iv.11 …

bimbisāra →

dppn

BimbisāraSeniya

King of Māgadha and patron of the Buddha.

According to the Pabbajā Sutta Snp.405ff. the first meeting between the Buddha and Bimbisāra took place in Rājagaha under the Paṇḍavapabba …

brahmadatta →

dppn

Brahmadatta1

King of Kāsi. He captured Kosala and murdered its king Dīghiti and Dīghiti’s wife, but made peace later with Dīghiti’s son, Dīghāvu, restored to him his father’s kingdom, and …

brahmāyu →

dppn

A brahmin foremost in Mithilā in his knowledge of the Vedas.

On hearing of the Buddha at the age of one hundred and twenty, he sent his pupil Uttara to discover if the Buddha had on his body the mark …

bārānasī →

dppn

BārānasīBenares

The capital of Kāsi-janapada. It was one of the four places of pilgrimage for the Buddhists - the others being Kapilavatthu, Buddhagayā and Kusināra - because it was at, the Migadā …

cakkavatti →

dppn

A World ruler. The world itself means “Turner of the Wheel,” the Wheel (Cakka) being the well known Indian symbol of empire. More than one thousand sons are his; his dominions extend throughout the …

campā →

dppn

A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Aṅga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggarā-pokkharaṇī. On its banks was a grove of campaka-trees, well known for …

candana →

dppn

Candana1

A deva, vassal of the Four Regent Gods. DN.ii.258 He is mentioned as one of the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in case of need. DN.iii.204 He once visited …

cetiya →

dppn

CetiyaCetiCetīCedi

One of the sixteen Great Nations, AN.i.213 probably identical with Cedi of the older documents. The people of Ceti settled near the Yamunā, to the east, in the neighbourhood of and …

channa →

dppn

Channa1

A Wanderer, classed among those who wore clothes. He is only mentioned once, in the Aṅguttara Nikāya, AN.iii.215 where we are told that he visited Ānanda at Sāvatthī and asked him …

citta →

dppn

…discovered. Mahānāma and Mahaka did likewise, after having performed miracles at the request of Citta.

The Citta Saṃyutta SN.iv.282ff.

cittasena →

dppn

A Gandhabba present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258 He is elsewhere DN.iii.204 mentioned as a Yakkha chieftain who should be invoked by the Buddha’s followers when troubled by evil spirits.

cunda →

dppn

Cunda1

A worker in metals living in Pāvā. When the Buddha reached Pāvā on his way to Kusinārā, he stayed in Cunda’s Mango grove. There Cunda visited him and invited him and the monks to a …

cātummahārājikā →

dppn

The inhabitants of the lowest deva world. his world derives its name from the Four Great Kings (Cattāro Mahārājāno) who dwell there as guardians of the four quarters: Dhataraṭṭha of the East, Virūḷh …

dakkhiṇāgiri →

dppn

A region in India. It contained the city of Vedisa. Dakkhiṇāgiri lay to the south-west of Rājagaha, beyond the hills that surrounded the city—hence its name. In the district was the brahmin village o …

devadatta →

dppn

A monk, a close relative of the Buddha, who split the Sangha, and attempted to overthrow the Buddha and have him murdered. In one passage in the Vinaya, Vin.ii.189 Devadatta is spoken of as Godhiputta …

dhamma →

dppn

Dhamma1

The palace built by Vissakamma for Mahāsudassana, by order of Sakka. DN.ii.180ff.

5buildingDhamma2

The lake in front of the palace mentioned above. DN.ii.184.

5lake

dhataraṭṭha →

dppn

Dhataraṭṭha1

One of the Cātummahārājikā, the ruler of the Eastern Quarter. His followers are the Gandhabbas. He has numerous sons called Indra.DN.ii.207 DN.ii.220 DN.ii.257f. DN.iii.197 …

dānaveghasā →

dppn

A class of Asuras, present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.259

dūsī →

dppn

Name of Māra in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. He was, in that birth, son of Kāḷī, sister of Moggallāna. He first incited the brahmin householders to revile Kakusandha’s monks, chief of whom were Vidh …

ekapuṇḍarīka →

dppn

Ekapuṇḍarīka1

A monastery of the wanderers, the residence of Vacchagotta. MN.i.481f. It was near the Kūṭāgārasālā in the Mahāvana of Vesāli. The Buddha went there to see Vacchagotta, and …

erāvaṇa →

dppn

In the Dhammika Sutta. Snp.379 Erāvaṇa is mentioned among the devas who visited the Buddha to pay him homage. He is also mentioned among the Nāgas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

gajaṅgala →

dppn

GajaṅgalaKajaṅgalaKajaṅgalā

A township which formed the eastern boundary of the Middle Country. Beyond it was Mahāsālā. Vin.i.197 Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veḷuvana at Kajangala, the la …

gandhabbā →

dppn

A class of semi-divine beings who inhabit the Cātummahārājika realm and are the lowest among the devas. DN.ii.212 They are generally classed together with the Asuras and the Nāgas AN.iv.200 AN.iv.204 …

ghaṭāya →

dppn

A Sākiyan of Kapilavatthu, who built a monastery attached to the Nigrodhārāma. There the Mahā Suññatā Sutta was preached. MN.iii.110

gijjhakūṭa →

dppn

GijjhakūṭaVulture’s Peak

One of the five hills encircling Rājagaha. It was evidently a favourite resort of those who followed the religious life.

The Buddha seems to have been attracted by its solit …

giñjakāvasatha →

dppn

A brick hall at Nādikā. The Buddha stayed there on various occasions during his visits to Nādikā. It was during one of these visits that Ambapāli presented her park to the Buddha and the Order. Vin.i. …

godha →

dppn

A Sākiyan. A conversation between him and Mahānāma the Sākiyan is recorded in the Godha Sutta. SN.v.371

gosiṅgasālavanadāya →

dppn

Gosiṅgasālavanadāya1

A forest tract near Nādikā. Once, when Anuruddha, Nandiya and Kimbila were living there, they were visited by the Buddha, who came from Giñjakāvasatha. The result of t …

gotama →

dppn

Gotama1BuddhaSiddhatthaSakyamunīTathāgataAṅgīrasa

He was a Sākiyan, son of Suddhodana and of Mahā Māyā, Suddhodana’s chief consort, and he belonged to the Gotama-gotta. At age 29 he depar …

govinda →

dppn

The steward or treasurer of King Disampati. He had a son, Jotipāla, who succeeded him after his death and came to be known as Mahā Govinda. DN.ii.230f.

“Govinda” was evidently a title and not a name.

gundāvana →

dppn

GundāvanaKundāvanaGuṇḍāvanaKuṇḍāvana

A forest in Madhurā. Mahā Kaccāna stayed there and was visited by Avantiputta, king of Madhurā, to whom he preached the Madhurā Sutta, MN.ii.83f. and by the bra …

gūtha →

dppn

One of the hells. It is next to the Mahā Niraya, and is the habitation of needle-mouthed creatures who rip away the skin, flesh, tendons, etc., of the victim and then devour his marrow. MN.iii.185

5hell

harayodevā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

hemavata →

dppn

A Yakkha chief, to be invoked by followers of the Buddha in time of need. DN.iii.204

He was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.256

He was the friend of Sātāgira.

hāliddakāni →

dppn

HāliddakāniHāliddakāni

An eminent lay disciple of Avanti. Once when Mahā Kaccāna was staying in the Kuraragharapapāta, Hāliddakāni visited him and consulted him at length on the subjects treated in M …

hāragajā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

hārita →

dppn

Hārita1

A Mahā Brahmā who was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta, at the head of one hundred thousand other Brahmās. DN.ii.261

Hārita2

A monk whose Theragāthā ve …

iccānaṅgala →

dppn

IccānaṅgalaIcchānaṅkala

A brahmin village in the Kosala country. It was while staying in the woodland thicket there that the Buddha preached the Ambaṭṭha Sutta. DN.i.87 From this sutta, the village w …

inda →

dppn

Inda1

Given in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta as the name of the ninety-one sons of Dhataraṭṭha, king of the Gandhabbas. They are represented as being of great strength and followers of the Buddha. …

isigili →

dppn

IsigiliIsigilapassa

One of the five mountains round Rājagaha and one of the beauty-spots of the city. DN.ii.116 There was, on one side of it, a black stone called the Kāḷasilā. This was a favourite …

isipatana →

dppn

IsipatanaMigadayaDeer Park

An open space near Benares, the site of the famous Migadāya or Deer Park. It was eighteen leagues from Uruvelā, and when Gotama gave up his austere penances his friends, th …

jambudīpa →

dppn

Greater India. One of the four Mahādīpas, or great continents. They are grouped round Mount Sineru. In Jambudīpa is Himavā with its eighty-four thousand peaks, its lakes, mountain ranges, etc. This c …

janesabha →

dppn

A Gandhabba, a vassal of the Four Regent Gods. He was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

In the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta DN.iii.204 he is mentioned as a Yakkha chieftain to be invoked by th …

joti →

dppn

A class of gods, present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.261

jotipāla →

dppn

Jotipāla1

The Bodhisatta born as a brahmin of Vehaliṅga in the time of Kassapa Buddha. Ghaṭīkāra was his friend and invited Jotipāla to accompany him to the Buddha, but Jotipāla refused to …

kaccāna →

dppn

Kaccāna1

See Mahā-Kaccāna, Pakudha-Kaccāna, Pubba-Kaccāna, Sambula-Kaccāna, Sabhiya-Kaccāna, etc. See also Kaccāyana.

Kaccāna or Kaccāyana is the name of a family, the Kaccānagotta. …

kaddamadaha →

dppn

A river where Mahākaccāyana sometimes stayed.

Avanti3river

kajangala →

dppn

KajangalaKajangalā

A township which formed the eastern boundary of the Middle Country. Beyond it was Mahāsālā. Vin.i.197 Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veḷuvana at Kajangala, the lay followe …

kallavāḷaputta →

dppn

KallavāḷaputtaKallavālaKanavālamutta

A village in Māgadha. Mahā-Moggallāna lived there immediately after his ordination, and on the seventh day, while meditating there, he became an arahant, being a …

kambala →

dppn

A tribe of Nāgas. They were present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

kammāsadhamma →

dppn

KammāsadhammaKammāsadammaKammasadammaKammasadhamma

A township of the Kurūs. The Buddha, during the course of his wanderings, stayed there several times; the exact place of his residence is, however, …

kandarāyana →

dppn

KandarāyanaKundarāyana

A brahmin. He visited Mahā Kaccāna at the Gundavana near Madhurā and accused him of not paying due respect to elderly brahmins, but when Mahā Kaccāna preached to him he express …

kapilavatthu →

dppn

A city near the Himalaya, capital of the Sākiyan republic. The administration and judicial business of the city and all other matters of importance were discussed and decided in the Santhāgārasālā. DN …

karerikuṭikā →

dppn

A building in the Jetavana where the Mahāpadāna Sutta was taught. DN.ii.1ff.

Jetavana3building

karumhā →

dppn

A class of spirits, present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.260

kassapa →

dppn

Kassapa1

One of the seven Buddhas mentioned in the Canon. DN.ii.7

Among those who attained arahantship under Kassapa is mentioned Gavesī, who, with his five hundred followers, strove alwa …

katamorakatissa →

dppn

KatamorakatissaKatamorakatissaka

One of the monks whom Devadatta incited to join him in stirring up discord among the Saṅgha, the others being Kokālika, Khaṇḍadevīputta and Samuddadatta Vin.ii.196 Vi …

kaḷimbha →

dppn

KaḷimbhaKalimma

One of the monks who lived in the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesālī. Finding that the peace of the Mahāvana was being disturbed by the Licchavis who came to see the Buddha, he, with the other mo …

kaṇṭaka →

dppn

…offence with another novice, Mahaka. When this became known, a rule was passed that no monk should ordain two novices Vin.i.79 ; this rule was,…

kaṭṭhakā →

dppn

KaṭṭhakāKathakā

A class of devas present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.261

khattiyānī →

dppn

KhattiyānīVelāmikā

Chief of the eighty-four thousand women who waited on the Bodhisatta when he was once a mighty king Mahāsudassana of Kusāvatī. SN.iii.146 DN.ii.188

khemiyā →

dppn

A class of gods, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

khiḍḍāpadosikā →

dppn

KhiḍḍāpadosikāKhiḍḍāpadūsikā

A class of devas who live in the Cātummahārājika world. For ages they spend their time in laughter and in sport of sensual lusts. In consequence their self-possession is …

kosiya →

dppn

Kosiya1Kosiyagotta

The name of a brahmin clan. In the pācittiya it is given as one of the lower gottas, Vin.iv.8 but it is also Sakka’s gotta, and is therefore generally regarded as a …

kukkuṭārāma →

dppn

A park in Pāṭaliputta. It was evidently the residence of monks from very early times, probably, for some time, of the Buddha himself. The Mahāvagga Vin.i.300 mentions the names of several theras who l …

kumbhīra →

dppn

A Yakkha who lived in the Vepulla mountain outside Rājagaha. He was present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta with a train of over one hundred thousand. DN.ii.257

kuru →

dppn

A country, one of the sixteen Great Nations.DN.ii.200 AN.i.213 During the Buddha’s time the chieftain of Kuru was called Koravya, and his discussion with the Elder Raṭṭhapāla, who was himself the scio …

kusinārā →

dppn

The capital of the Mallas and the scene of the Buddha’s death. At that time it was a small city, “a branch-township with wattle-and-daub houses in the midst of the jungle,” and Ānanda was, at first …

kuṭeṇḍu →

dppn

A vassal of the Cātummahārājikas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

kālakañjakā →

dppn

A class of Asuras. They were present at the Mahāsamaya, and are spoken of as being of a fearsome shape. DN.ii.259 They are the very lowest of the Asura groups, and the Buddha warns Sunakkhatta that Ko …

kālakhemaka →

dppn

A Sākyan. His name was Khemaka, but as he was dark he was called Kālakhemaka. He built a monastery in Nigrodhārāma, near Kapilavatthu, and once, during robe-making time, many monks lived there. On th …

kāmaseṭṭha →

dppn

One of the greater yakkhas who should be invoked if any follower of the Buddha be molested by an evil spirit. DN.iii.204

In the Mahāsamaya Sutta DN.ii.258 he is mentioned among the vassals of the F …

kāsi →

dppn

KāsiKāsikaKāsigāmaKāsinigama

One of the sixteen Great Nations, AN.i.213 its capital being Bārāṇasī.

At the time of the Buddha, it had been absorbed into the kingdom of Kosala, and Pasenadi was king …

kāḷī →

dppn

Kāḷī1Kururagharikā

Described among laywomen as the best of those who believe even from hearsay. AN.i.26 A conversation between her and Mahā Kaccāna is related, where she asks him for a det …

kūṭāgārasālā →

dppn

A hall in the Mahāvana near Vesāli. The Buddha stayed there on several occasions, and in the books are found records of various eminent persons who visited him there and of his conversations with them …

lakkhaṇa →

dppn

Mentioned as having stayed with Mahā Moggallāna on Gijjhakūṭa. Once, when they were going down to Rājagaha for alms, Lakkhaṇa noticed that at a certain spot Moggallāna smiled; on asking him why, he wa …

lambītakā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

licchavī →

dppn

A powerful tribe of India in the time of the Buddha. They were certainly khattiyas, for on that ground they claimed a share of the Buddha’s relics. DN.ii.165

Their capital was Vesāli, and they form …

lohicca →

dppn

Lohicca1

A brahmin of Makkarakata in Avanti. Once when Mahā Kaccāna was living there in a forest hut, a number of Lohicca’s pupils came there and began abusing the monks, calling them shav …

lohitavāsī →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

lomahaṃsa →

dppn

A Pacceka Buddha, mentioned in a nominal list. MN.iii.70

lomasavaṅgīsa →

dppn

The Saṃyutta Nikāya mentions an interview between an Elder of this name and the Sākyan Mahānāma. Mahānāma asks the Elder if the learner’s way of life is identical with that of the Tathāgata. Vaṅgīsa a …

lāmaseṭṭhā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

macchikāsaṇḍa →

dppn

…Isidatta, Mahaka, Kāmabhū and Godatta. The place may also have been a centre of the Nigaṇṭhas, for Nigaṇṭha…

maddakucchi →

dppn

A park near Rājagaha, at the foot of Gijjhakūṭa. It was a preserve where deer and game could dwell in safety. When Devadatta, wishing to kill the Buddha, hurled a rock down Gijjhakūṭa, it was stopped …

madhurā →

dppn

MadhurāMathurā

The capital of Surasena, situated on the Yamunā. Its king, soon after the death of Bimbisāra, was Avantiputta, MN.ii.83 who, judging by his name, was probably related to the royal fami …

mahaka →

dppn

A novice, pupil of Upananda, who is mentioned as having been guilty of a sexual offence with Kaṇḍakā, another novice. Vin.i.70

mahesā →

dppn

MahesāMāhissati

A city in the Buddha’s day, mentioned as lying on the route from Bāvari’s hermitage to Sāvatthī. Snp.1011

According to the Mahāgovinda Sutta DN.ii.220.ff. it was the capital of Ava …

mahāgavaccha →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verse speaks of practicing properly and awaiting ones’ time. Thag.12

mahājanapadā →

dppn

The books mention the sixteen Mahājanapadas or Great Nations, which existed in the time of the Buddha. AN.i.213 AN.iv.252 AN.iv.256 AN.iv.260 They are Kāsī, Kosala, Aṅga, Māgadha, Vajji, Mallā, Cetiya …

mahājāli →

dppn

A Pacceka Buddha mentioned in a list of names. MN.iii.70

mahākaccāyana →

dppn

MahākaccāyanaKaccāyanaMahākaccānaKaccāna

One of the most eminent disciples of the Buddha, considered chief among expounders in full of the brief saying of the Buddha. AN.i.23 Several suttas illustrat …

mahākappina →

dppn

One of the most eminent disciples of the Buddha, considered foremost among those who taught the monks. AN.i.25 The Vinaya Vin.i.105 records that when Kappina was in the Deer Park at Maddakucchi he won …

mahākassapa →

dppn

MahākassapaKassapaPippali

One of the Buddha’s most eminent disciples, chief among those who upheld austere practices. AN.i.23 His personal name was Pippali, but he is usually known by his clan name K …

mahākoṭṭhita →

dppn

MahākoṭṭhitaMahākotthitaKoṭṭhitaKotthita

One of the foremost disciples of the Buddha, ranked foremost among masters of analytical knowledge. AN.i.24 His Theragāthā verse speaks of contentment and sha …

mahākāla →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses describe a large swarthy woman sitting surrounded by bones in the charnel ground, evidently a practitioner of asceticism. He expresses the wish to never be reborn. Thag.141–152

mahāli →

dppn

A Licchavi chief, mentioned as having visited the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā to ask if he had seen Sakka SN.i.230 and also to beg information as to the teachings of Pūraṇa Kassapa. SN.iii.68 This conv …

mahāmoggallāna →

dppn

MahāmoggallānaMoggallānaKolita

The second of the Chief Disciples of the Buddha. He and Sāriputta went forth as disciples of Sañjaya. After some time, Sāriputta, wandering about in Rājagaha, met Assaj …

mahānāga →

dppn

A monk whose Theragāthā verses warn of the dangers that face a monk who neglects the Dhamma. Thag.387–392

mahānāma →

dppn

Mahānāma1

A Sākiyan rājā, son of Amitodana; he was elder brother of Anuruddha and cousin of the Buddha. When the Sākiyan families of Kapilavatthu sent their representatives to join the Ord …

mahāpajāpatī →

dppn

Mahāpajāpatī GotamīPajāpatī

An eminent bhikkhunī and the step-mother of the Buddha. She raised the Buddha as her own child after the death of his mother.

She is chiefly remembered as the first bhik …

mahāpanthaka →

dppn

The elder brother of Cūḷapanthaka. He was declared pre eminent among those skilled in the evolution of consciousness. (saññāvivatta). AN.i.24

A set of verses uttered by him in the joy of attainment …

mahāpurisa →

dppn

The name given to a Great Being, destined to become either a Cakkavatti or a Buddha. He carries on his person the following thirty two marks. DN.ii.17f. DN.iii.142ff. MN.ii.136f. .

  1. he has fe …

mahāpāragā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.26

mahāroruva →

dppn

One of the hells. SN.i.92

5hell

mahāsammata →

dppn

A king who lived in the beginning of this present age. He was called Mahāsammata, because, on the arising of wickedness in the world, he was chosen by the people DN.iii.92f. to show indignation agai …

mahāsarā →

dppn

The books contain a list of seven great lakes, situated in the Himālaya. They form the sources of the five great rivers and dry up only when four suns appear in the world. These seven lakes are Anotat …

mahāsubhaddā →

dppn

Chief queen of Mahāsudassana. DN.ii.169ff. Aii.189 SN.iii.145

mahāsudassana →

dppn

The Bodhisatta born as king of Kusāvati. DN.ii.169ff.

mahāvana →

dppn

Mahāvana1

A wood near Vesāli, in which the Kūṭāgārasālā was located.

Vesāli3parkMahāvana2

A wood near Kapilavatthu. In this wood was preached the Mahāsamaya Sutta and the Madh …

mahāvijita →

dppn

A king of long ago, whose exemplary sacrifice, held under the direction of his chaplain, is narrated in the Kūṭadanta Sutta.

mahāviyūha →

dppn

MahāviyūhaMahāviyūhassa

A gabled chamber erected by Mahāsudassana into which he could retire during the heat of the day. It was made of silver. DN.ii.182

5building

makkarakata →

dppn

A locality in Avanti. Mahā Kaccāna once stayed there in a forest hut and was visited by Lohicca and his pupils. SN.iv.116f.

Avanti3town

mallā →

dppn

The name of a people and their country.

The country is included in the sixteen Great Nations of the Buddha’s time. The kingdom, at that time, was divided into two parts, having their respective capit …

mettākāyikā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

migalandika →

dppn

MigalandikaMigaladdhika

An undesirable monk. When the Buddha had once been preaching to the monks in Mahāvana in Vesāli regarding the defilement and filth of the body, and had retired into solitude, …

missakā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

mithilā →

dppn

The capital of the Videha country. The city was very ancient, and, according to the Mahāgovinda Sutta, DN.ii.235 was founded by Mahāgovinda, steward of King Reṇu.

It was also the capital of Makhādeva …

moranivāpa →

dppn

A grove in Veḷuvana at Rājagaha. It contained a Paribbājakārāma, the resort of recluses of various denominations. The Udumbarika Sīhanāda, the Mahā Sakuladāyi and the Culla Sakūladāyi Suttas were prea …

māgadha →

dppn

One of the four chief kingdoms of India at the time of the Buddha, the others being Kosala, the kingdom of the Vaṃsas and Avanti. Māgadha formed one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas and had its capital at …

māluṅkyāputta →

dppn

MāluṅkyāputtaMāluṅkyaputtaMālukyaputta

The Theragāthā contains two sets of verses attributed to him. One set speaks of the dangers of craving and encourages effort. Thag.399–404 The second set speaks …

māra →

dppn

MāraNamuciKaṇhaAdhipatiAntakaPamattabandhuPāpimā

Generally regarded as the personification of Death, the Evil One, the Tempter. Sometimes known as the Dark One (Kaṇha). Snp.355 MN.i.377 DN.ii.262 T …

mātali →

dppn

The name given to the chariot driver of Sakka. The Mātali of the present age had a son, Sikhandhi, with whom Bhaddā Suriyavaccasā, daughter of Timbarū, was in love; but later she transferred her affec …

māyā →

dppn

MāyāMahāmāyā

The mother of the Buddha, and wife of Suddhodana of the Sakyan clan. DN.ii.52 Thag.534 Thig.162 She died seven days after giving birth to the Buddha in Lumbinī. An elaborate account of t …

nanda →

dppn

Nanda1Vaccha

Mentioned in a list of well known leaders of the Ajivakas, the others being Kisa Saṅkicca and Makkhali Gosāla. MN.i.524 They were declared by Purāṇa Kassapa, in his classifica …

nigaṇṭha nāṭaputta →

dppn

Nigaṇṭha NāṭaputtaNigaṇṭha NāthaputtaNāthaputtaNāṭaputta

Founder or reformer of the Jains. One of six eminent teachers, contemporary with the Buddha; he is described as a outsider. SN.i.66

He was le …

nighaṇḍu →

dppn

A yakkha chieftain, to be invoked by followers of the Buddha when in distress. DN.iii.204 He was present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

nigrodhārāma →

dppn

Nigrodhārāma1

A grove near Kapilavatthu, where a residence was provided for the Buddha. Vin.i.82 There Mahāpajāpati Gotamī first asked permission for women to enter the Order. This was ref …

nādikā →

dppn

The Mahā Parinibbāna Sutta DN.ii.72ff. gives a list of the places at which the Buddha stopped during his last journey along that road—Ambalaṭṭhikā, Nāḷandā, Pāṭaligāma, Koṭigāma, Nādikā, Vesāli, Bha …

nāga →

dppn

A class of beings classed with Garuḷas and Supaṇṇas and playing a prominent part in Buddhist folk lore. They are gifted with miraculous powers and great strength. Generally speaking, they are confused …

nāgasamāla →

dppn

He was a Sākiyan and entered the Order when the Buddha visited his kinsmen at Kapilavatthu. For some time he was the Buddha’s personal attendant—e.g., when the Buddha breached the Mahāsīhanāda Sutta. …

odātagayhā →

dppn

A class of eminent devas among those present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

opamañña →

dppn

Opamañña1

One of the names of Pokkharasāti. MN.ii.200

Opamañña2

A Gandhabba chieftain, who was among those present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258 He is me …

oṭṭhaddha →

dppn

One of the Licchavis. He went to visit the Buddha at the Kūṭāgārasālā in Vesalī, at a time when the Buddha had given orders that no one should be allowed to see him; but through the intervention of th …

paccantajanapadā →

dppn

The boundaries of the Majjhimadesa are given, and the Paccantajanapadā lies beyond these boundaries. They are: in the east, Kajaṅgala and Mahāsālā; in the south east, the river Salalavatī; in the sout …

pajjunna →

dppn

A devarāja, the god of rain. Kokanadā and Culla Kokanadā were his daughters. SN.i.29f.

Pajjunna is mentioned among the Mahāyakkhas to be invoked in time of need, DN.iii.205 and he was present at th …

pajāpati →

dppn

One of the kings of the devas, mentioned with Sakka, Varuṇa, Isāna, etc. MN.i.2 SN.i.219 DN.i.244 DN.ii.274

He is sometimes mentioned with Brahmā, as distinct from him. MN.i.140 MN.i.327 MN.i.329

In …

panāda →

dppn

one of the chief Yakkhas to be invoked by the Buddha’s followers in time of need. DN.iii.204 He is also mentioned in the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

papāte pabbate →

dppn

Papāte PabbatePapātapabbata

A mountain in Avantī, near Kuraraghara. It was a favourite spot of Mahā Kaccāna, and we are told of several discussions having taken place there.SN.iii.9ff. SN.iv.115*f. …

paramatta →

dppn

A Brahmā who was present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.260

pañcakaṅga →

dppn

The carpenter of Pasenadi, king of Kosala. He was a devoted follower of the Buddha and loved discussion.

The Bahuvedanīya Sutta MN.i.396ff. SN.iv.223f. is based on a discussion between him and Ma …

pañcanadī →

dppn

PañcanadīPañcamahānadī

In several places in the texts five rivers are mentioned as the five great rivers of India, and they are used in various similes and metaphors. These rivers are: Gaṅgā, Yamunā, …

pañcavaggiyā →

dppn

The name given to the five monks—Koṇḍañña (Aññā Koṇḍañña), Bhaddiya, Vappa, Mahānāma, and Assaji—to whom the Buddha preached his first sermon at Isipatana.

All five joined in the austerities of Gotam …

pañcālacaṇḍa →

dppn

A devaputta who visited the Buddha at Jetavana and uttered a verse to the effect that the man who understands jhāna finds room even among crowding obstacles. The Buddha corrects him, saying that t …

pippaliguhā →

dppn

PippaliguhāPipphaligūhā

A cave near Rājagaha, evidently a favourite haunt of Mahā Kassapa. Once when he lay there grievously ill, the Buddha visited him and cheered him by talking to him of the seven …

potaliputta →

dppn

A wanderer who visited Samiddhi at the Vejuvana in Rājagaha and said that he had heard the Buddha declare that all action and speech were vain, and that what passed in the mind was the only thing of i …

pātikaputta →

dppn

A naked ascetic of Vesāli who went about claiming to have greater mystic powers than the Buddha, and thereby much impressed Sunakkhatta. Pātikaputta had prophesied that, after death, the Licchavi gene …

pāyāsi →

dppn

A chieftain of Setavyā, who lived on a royal domain gifted by Pasenadi. He held the view that there was no world other than this, no fruit of actions and no rebirth. But after a discussion with Kūmara …

pūraṇa kassapa →

dppn

Pūraṇa Kassapa

One of the six well known teachers, contemporaneous with the Buddha. He is said to have taught the doctrine of non-action, denying the result of good or bad actions. DN.i.52f.

Else …

revata →

dppn

Revata1Khadiravaniya

An eminent disciple of the Buddha, declared by him foremost among forest dwellers. AN.i.24

His Theragāthā verses appear under two names. As Khadiravaniya he admonishe …

rojā →

dppn

Rojā1

A Malla, inhabitant of Kusinārā. When the Buddha and Ānanda visited Kusinārā, the Malla chieftains decreed that whoever failed to pay homage to the Buddha would be fined five hundred …

rucirā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

rāhu →

dppn

RāhuRāhubhadda

An Asura chieftain. The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.49f. says that on one occasion when he seized the Moon god, and on another the Sun god, both these invoked the aid of the Buddha. The Bud …

rāhula →

dppn

RāhulaRāhulabhadda

Only son of Gotama Buddha. When the Buddha visited Kapilavatthu for the first time after his Enlightenment and accepted Suddhodana’s invitation, Rāhula’s mother sent the boy to the …

rājagaha →

dppn

A city, the capital of Māgadha.

The place was called Giribbaja (mountain stronghold) because it was surrounded by five hills—Paṇḍava, Gijjhakūṭa, Vebhāra, Isigili and Vepulla. It is said MN.iii.68 th …

sadāmattā →

dppn

A class of Devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

sahabhū →

dppn

A class of Devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

sahadhammā →

dppn

A class of Devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

sahajāti →

dppn

SahajātiSahajātāSahañcanika

A township where Yasa Kākandakaputta met Soreyya Revata, whom he wished to consult regarding the Ten Points raised by the Vajjiputtakas. Revata had gone there from Soreyya …

sahali →

dppn

Sahali1

A class of Devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

Sahali2

A devaputta, follower of Makkhali Gosāla. He visited the Buddha at Veḷuvana, in …

sahampati →

dppn

A Mahābrahmā. When the Buddha was at the Ajapālanigrodha, hesitating as to whether or not he should preach the Dhamma, Sahampati appeared before him and begged of him to open to the world the doors of …

sakka →

dppn

SakkaVatrabhūVāsavaMaghavāMāghaPurindadaSahassakkhaSahassanettaSujampatiKosiya

Almost always spoken of as chief of the devas. The Saṃyutta Nikāya SN.i.229 contains a list of his names.

  • Maghavā, be …

sakuladāyī →

dppn

A famous Paribbājaka. The Mahā-Sakuladāyī and the Culla Sakuladāyī Suttas record two conversations between him and the Buddha in the Paribbājakārāma at Moranivāpa in Rājagaha.

He is also said to hav …

samiddhi →

dppn

Samiddhi

Once, while he was at Silāvati musing on his good fortune as a monk, Māra tried to terrify him. Samiddhi told the Buddha of this, but the Buddha asked him to stay on where he was. He obeyed, …

samānā →

dppn

A class of Devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

sanaṅkumāra →

dppn

A Mahā Brahmā, whose name means “ever young”. In the Nikāyas DN.i.121 MN.i.358 SN.i.153 AN.v.327 he is mentioned as the author of a famous verse, which is eleswhere attribued to the Buddha. SN.ii.284 …

sarakāni →

dppn

SarakāniSaraṇāni

A Sākyan. When he died the Buddha declared that he was a sotāpanna, bound for enlightenment. But many of the Sākyans spoke scornfully of him, saying that he had failed in the train …

saṅkha →

dppn

A future king, who will be the Cakkavatti of Ketumatī at the time of the appearance of Metteyya Buddha in the world. He will raise up again the palace of King Mahāpanāda and live there. But later he w …

serissaka →

dppn

Serissaka1

A Yakkha chieftain to be invoked in time of need by followers of the Buddha. DN.iii.205

Serissaka1Serīsaka

A vimāna in the Cātummahārājika world, which was occupi …

sineru →

dppn

SineruMahāneruMeruSumeruHemameru

A mountain, forming the center of the world. MN.i.338 DN.iii.199 It is eighty thousand leagues broad. AN.iv.100

Sineru is often used in similes, its chief characteri …

sovīra →

dppn

A country mentioned in the Mahāgovinda Sutta. DN.ii.235

In the time of King Reṇu, Bharata was king of Sovīra, and Roruka was its capital.

Eder, Gujarat?3region

soṇa →

dppn

Soṇa1

A Thera, declared chief of those possessing clear utterance. AN.i.24 He lived in Avantī, where he met Mahākaccāna and was later ordained by him, after much difficulty assembling the …

subhadda →

dppn

Subhadda1

When the Buddha died and the monks stood weeping, Subhadda asked them to rejoice instead, saying— “We are well rid of the Great Monk; we shall now do just as we like.” Mahā Kassa …

subrahmā →

dppn

Subrahmā1

A devaputta. He visits the Buddha at Veḷuvana and tells him that his heart is full of dismay. The Buddha replies that the only path out of sorrow is by way of wisdom, renunciat …

sucitti →

dppn

An Asura, one of the Dānaveghasas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

suddhodana →

dppn

A Sākiyan Rājā of Kapilavatthu and father of Gotama Buddha.

Māyā was his chief consort, and, after her death her sister Pajāpatī was raised to her position.

Nanda was Suddhodana’s son by Mahā Pajāp …

sudinna →

dppn

SudinnaKalandakaputta

A monk who, after being ordained, returned to his former wife and had relations with her, thus becoming guilty of the first Pārājika offence. When there was a famine in the Vajj …

sukkā →

dppn

Sukkā1

A bhikkhunī who was famous as a teacher of Dhamma, to the extent that a spirit went Rājagaha about praising her and exhorting others to listen to her Dhamma. Thig.54–56 SN.i.212 SN. …

suleyyā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

sunakkhatta →

dppn

A Licchavi prince of Vesāli. He was, at one time, a member of the Order and the personal attendant of the Buddha, but was later converted to the views of Korakkhattiya and went about defaming the Budd …

suriya →

dppn

A devaputta, the sun or the god of the sun. Once, when he was seized by Rāhu, lord of the Asuras, he invoked the power of the Buddha, and the Buddha enjoined on Rāhu to let him go. This Rāhu did, an …

susumāragiri →

dppn

SusumāragiriSuṃsumāragiri

A city in the Bhagga country, of which it was probably the capital. Near the city was the Bhesakalāvana where the Buddha stayed.

During his visits there he preached the Anu …

sāketa →

dppn

A town in Kosala. It was regarded in the Buddha’s time as one of the six great cities of India, the others being Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Kosambī and Benares. DN.ii.146 In the Vinaya Vin.i.253 howev …

sāriputta →

dppn

Sāriputta

The chief disciple of Gotama- Buddha. He is also called Upatissa, which was evidently his personal name. MN.i.150 Sāriputta was a great friend of Mahāmoggallāna. After going forth together …

sātapabbata →

dppn

A mountain in the Middle country, the abode of Sātāgira. Many other Yakkas also lived there, three thousand of whom were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.257

4hill

sāti →

dppn

He was a fisherman’s son and held the false view that, according to the Buddha’s teaching, a man’s consciousness runs on and continues without break of identity. Sāti’s colleagues did their best to ch …

sīha →

dppn

Sīha1

A Licchavi general of Vesāli. He was a follower of the Nigaṇṭhas. When the Buddha visited Vesāli, Sīha, having heard reports of his greatness, wished to see him, but Nigaṇṭha Nāṭaput …

tacchakā →

dppn

A class of Nāgas present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

thullanandā →

dppn

A nun, one of four sisters who all joined the Order, the others being Nandā, Nandavatī and Sundarinandā.

Thulla-Nandā appears to have had charge of a large company of nuns, all of whom followed her …

thullatissā →

dppn

A nun. She was present when Mahā-Kassapa, in the company of Ānanda, visited the nuns and preached to them. She expressed resentment that Kassapa should dare to preach in the presence of Ānanda. It wa …

timbaru →

dppn

A chieftain of the Gandhabbas and father of Suriyavaccasā. DN.ii.266 DN.ii.268

He was present at the Mahāsamaya. DN.ii.258

tissa →

dppn

Tissa1

One of the two chief disciples of Vipassī Buddha. DN.ii.4

Tissa2

A monk who was reborn as a Brahmā with great iddhi-powers. Moggallāna visited him soon after his bir …

todeyya →

dppn

Todeyya1

A Mahāsāla brahmin, mentioned in a list of eminent brahmins gathered together at Icchanankala and Manasākaṭa. DN.i.235 Snp.p.115

There was in Caṇḍalakappa a mango grove belonging …

tusita →

dppn

The fourth of the six deva worlds. AN.i.210

Four hundred years of human life are equal to one day of the Tusita world and four thousand years, so reckoned, is the term of life of a deva born in Tusit …

tāvatiṃsā →

dppn

TāvatiṃsāTidasāTidiva

The second of the six deva-worlds, the first being the Cātummahārājika world. Tāvatiṃsā stands at the top of Mount Sineru. Sakka is king of Tāvatiṃsā.

Tāvatiṃsā was also known …

ummāpupphā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

upananda →

dppn

…two novices, Kaṇḍaka and Mahaka, who seem to have resembled their teacher in being undesirables. They were found guilty of having sex together,…

upavatta →

dppn

UpavattaUpavattana

The sāla-grove of the Mallas of Kusināra, on the further side of the Hiraññavatī. This was the last resting-place of the Buddha on his last tour, and here he passed away, lying …

uposatha →

dppn

The name of the Elephant Treasure of the Cakkavatti Mahāsudassana. He was “all white, sevenfold firm (sattappatiṭṭha), wonderful in power, flying through the sky.”. DN.ii.174 MN.iii.173f.

uruvelakappa →

dppn

A township of the Mallas in the Malla country. Once when the Buddha was staying there, Bhadragaka, the headman of the town, visited him, and the Buddha preached to him a sermon on the arising and the …

uttara →

dppn

Uttara1

A monk whose verses are recorded in the Theragāthā. Thag.121–122

Uttara2

A monk whose verse are recorded in the Theragāthā. Thag.161–162

Uttara3

A *devapu …

uttarakuru →

dppn

A mythical region. A detailed description of it is given in the Āṭānāṭiya Sutta. DN.iii.199ff. The men who live there own no property nor have they wives of their own; they do not have to work for t …

vacchagotta →

dppn

A wanderer who later became an arahant Thera. Several conversations he had with the Buddha are mentioned in the books. For details see the Tevijja Vacchagotta-, Aggi Vacchagotta-, Mahā Vacchagotta- …

vajjī →

dppn

The name of a country and of its people. It was one of the sixteen Great Nations. The inhabitants appear to have consisted of several confederate clans of whom the Licchavī and the Videhā were the chi …

valāhaka →

dppn

The horse of Mahāsudassana. He is all white, with a crow black head and a dark mane. DN.ii.174 SN.iii.145

varaṇā →

dppn

VaraṇāVāraṇā

A city on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, where Ārāmadaṇḍa visited Mahākaccāna. AN.i.65

Avanti3town

varuṇā →

dppn

A class of deities present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta.DN.ii.259 DN.ii.260 They probably form the retinue of Varuṇa.

vassakāra →

dppn

A brahmin, chief minister of Ajātasattu. He and Sunidha were in charge of the fortifications of Pāṭaligāma, built against the Vajjī. Vin.i.228 Ud.viii.6 DN.ii.72ff.

At Ajātasattu’s suggestion, Vass …

veghanasā →

dppn

A class of devas present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

vejayanta →

dppn

Vejayanta1

A palace belonging to Sakka. When Moggallāna visited Sakka to discover if he had fully understood the Buddha’s teaching in the Cūlatanhā saṅkhaya Sutta, Sakka tried to evade his …

velāmikā →

dppn

Chief of the eighty four thousand women who waited on Mahāsudassana, king of Kusāvatī. She was also called Khattiyānī. SN.iii.146 But in the Dīgha DN.ii.187 the chief queen is called Subhaddā.

vepacitti →

dppn

VepacittiSambara

An Asura chieftain, who was present with Namuci (Māra) at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

Vepacitti was the friend of Rāhu, and when Rāhu seized Candimā and Suriya …

vessāmitta →

dppn

Vessāmitta1

A celebrated sage of old. Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 MN.ii.169 MN.ii.200 AN.iii.224 Vin.i.2451

Vessāmitta2

A Yakkha chief who, with five hundred others of the same name, w …

vesāli →

dppn

A city, capital of the Licchavis. It is not possible to know how many visits were paid by the Buddha to Vesāli, but the books would lead us to infer that they were several. Various Vinaya rules are me …

vesālā →

dppn

The Nāgas of Vesāli who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

veteṇḍu →

dppn

A vassal of the Four Great Kings, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

veṇhu →

dppn

A deva who was present, with his retinue, at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259 Veṇhu is a Pāḷi form of Viṣṇu.

vicakkanā →

dppn

A class of devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.261

videha →

dppn

A country and its people. At the time of the Buddha, Videha formed one of the two important principalities of the Vajjian confederacy. Its capital was Mithilā. The kingdom bordered on the Ganges, on o …

vipassī →

dppn

A Buddha of the past, whose story is told in the Mahāpadāna Sutta. He was born in the Khema park in Bandhumatī, his father being Bandhumā and his mother Bandhumatī. He belonged to the Koṇḍañña gotta. …

viṭeṇḍu →

dppn

One of the vassals of the Four Great Kings present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.257

viṭu →

dppn

Vassal of the Four Great Kings present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

viṭucca →

dppn

Vassal of the Four Great Kings present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.258

vāruṇā →

dppn

A class of deities, followers of Varuda, who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

vāsavanesī →

dppn

A class of devas, present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.260

vāseṭṭha →

dppn

Vāseṭṭha1

An old sage held in high esteem for his knowledge. He was one of the originators of the Vedic mantras. Vin.i.245 DN.i.104 MN.ii.164 MN.ii.200

Vāseṭṭha2

A clan, proba …

vāyodevā →

dppn

A class of deities present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

yakkha →

dppn

A class of non human beings generally described as non-human. They are mentioned with Devas, Rakkhasas, Dānavas, Gandhabbas, Kinnaras, and Mahoragas (? Nāgas).

Elsewhere AN.ii.38 they rank, in progr …

yama →

dppn

The god of death. When beings die they are led before him to be judged according to their deeds. Birth, old age, illness, punishment for crime and death, are regarded as his messengers, sent among men …

yasa →

dppn

Yasa 1

He was the son of a very wealthy treasurer of Benares, and was brought up in great luxury, living in three mansions, according to the seasons and surrounded with all kinds of pleasu …

ājīvakā →

dppn

ĀjīvakāĀjīvikā

A class of naked ascetics, Vin.i.291 followers of Makkhali Gosāla, regarded, from the Buddhist point of view, as the worst of sophists. Numerous references to the Ājīvakas are to be fo …

āpā →

dppn

A class of deities who were present at the preaching of the Mahāsamaya Sutta. DN.ii.259

ārāmadaṇḍa →

dppn

A brahmin. Once when Mahā Kaccāna was staying at Vāraṇā on the banks of the Kaddamadaha, Ārāmadaṇḍa came to see him and asked him why nobles quarrelled with nobles, brahmins with brahmins, and househo …

ātumā →

dppn

A town that lay between Kusinārā and Sāvatthī. Once the Buddha, with a large company of bhikkhus, visited the town. At that time there dwelt in it a monk who had been ordained late in life and had for …

āḷārakālāma →

dppn

ĀḷārakālāmaĀḷāraKālāma

One of the two teachers to whom Gotama, after his renunciation, first attached himself, the other being Uddaka Rāmaputta. In the Ariyaparivesāna Sutta MN.i.163–165; also M.i.24 …

mahābhūta →

farkas

négy nagy elem (föld, víz, tűz, lég/levegő)

antarakappa →

ncped

( & n.) a subdivision or intermediate cycle of a mahākappa

apetalomahaṃsa →

ncped

with excitement gone

cakka →

ncped

  1. a wheel of a cart or carriage; the pattern of a wheel on the soles of the feet (one of the marks of a mahāpurisa)
  2. a circular missile, a discus; the “wheel” of sovereignty, of authority; sway.

catumahāpatha →

ncped

crossing of high-roads, a main crossroads.

catummahāpatha →

ncped

crossing of high-roads, a main crossroads.

citantaraṃsa →

ncped

whose back is flat (i.e. not hollow) between the shoulder-blades (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahapurisa)

cātumahābhūtika →

ncped

cātumahāpatha →

ncped

cātumahārājika →

ncped

cātummahābhūtika →

ncped

consisting of the four main elements.

cātummahāpatha →

ncped

crossing of high roads; a main crossroad.

cātummahārājika →

ncped

…to that company. 2. (n.) the world of the catummaharajika devas.

dīghaṅguli →

ncped

having long fingers (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahapurisa)

enījaṅgha →

ncped

with legs like the black antelope’s (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

gahapatimahāsala →

ncped

very wealthy householder.

gaṇakamahāmatta →

ncped

minister of finance; an accountant.

gaṇakamahāmattā →

ncped

jālāhatthapāda →

ncped

with “netted” hands and feet, prob. with hands and feet marked with a network of lines (one of the 32 marks of a mahapurisa)

kañcanasannibhattaca →

ncped

with the skin like gold, golden skinned (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

khandhaka →

ncped

  1. a chapter, a section; one of the 22 sections of the Mahāvagga and Cullavagga of the Vinayapiṭaka.
  2. the section of the Vinayapiṭaka consisting of the Mahāvagga and Cullavagga.

khattiyamahāsāla →

ncped

rich khattiya

nattamahaṃ →

ncped

by day and night.

nigaṇṭha →

ncped

  1. an ascetic, specifically mahāvīra.
  2. an ascetic, especially one who is a follower of mahāvīra, a jain.

nigaṇṭhaputta →

ncped

follower of Mahavīra, a Jain ascetic.

nātaputta →

ncped

Mahāvīra, leader of the Jains.

nātaputtiya →

ncped

follower of Mahāvīra.

uddhaggaloma →

ncped

having hair with its ends turning upwards (esp. as one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

ussada →

ncped

  1. obtruding, raising oneself.
  2. mound (of flesh), thickness.
  3. swelling.
  4. abundance, prevalence, preponderance.
  5. over-abundance, excess.
  6. a supplementary niraya (of which there are either 16 …

ussaṅkhapāda →

ncped

having feet with high arches (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa).

uṇhīsasīsa →

ncped

whose head is like a turban in appearance (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

ācariyamahāyuga →

ncped

generation of teachers

āyatapaṇhi →

ncped

having projecting heels (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

āyatapaṇhin →

ncped

having projecting heels (one of the 32 characteristics of a mahāpurisa)

anussati →

nyana

Anussati: ‘recollection’, reflection, meditation, contemplation. The six recollections often described in the Suttas e.g. A. VI, 10, 25; D. 33 are:

1: Recollection of the Buddha, *buddhānussati …

aparihāniya-dhamma →

nyana

Aparihāniya-dhamma: ‘conditions of welfare’ lit. of non-decline, for a nation. Seven such conditions are mentioned in the Mahā-Parinibbāna Sutta D. 16. They are followed by five sets of 7, and …

brahma-kāyika-deva →

nyana

Brahma-kāyika-deva: The ‘divine beings of the Brahma-world’ inhabit the first 3 heavens of the fine-material world, rūpaloka corresponding to the 1st absorption jhāna. The highest ruler of …

catu-mahārājika-deva →

nyana

Catu-mahārājika-deva: a class of divine beings of the sense-sphere; see: deva.

chief-elements →

nyana

Chief-elements: the 4: mahā-bhūta -d hātu

great man →

nyana

[[great man]]Great man: the 8 thoughts of a: mahāpurisa-vitakka.

papañca →

nyana

Papañca: Sanskrit prapañca In doctrinal usage, it signifies the expansion, differentiation, ‘diffuseness’ or ‘manifoldness’ of the world; and it may also refer to the ‘phenomenal world’ in gener …

paramattha →

nyana

Paramattha: sacca - vacana - Desanā ‘truth or term, exposition that is true in the highest or ultimate sense’, as contrasted with the ‘conventional truth’ vohāra - sacca which is also …

paramī →

nyana

Paramī: Pāramitā: ‘perfection’. Ten qualities leading to Buddhahood: 1 perfection in giving or generosity; dāna - pāramī 2 morality sīla - p 3 renunciation nekkhamma - p 4 understan …

patisankhānupassanā-ñāna →

nyana

Patisankhānupassanā-ñāna: ’knowledge consisting in reflective contemplation

is one of the 9 knowledges constituting the ‘purification by knowledge and vision of the path -progress’ patipadā \ …

pātimokkha →

nyana

Pātimokkha: ‘Disciplinary Code’, is the name of the code of monk’s rules, which on all full-moon and new moon days is recited before the assembled community of fully ordained Bhikkhus Bhikkhu. …

pūjā →

nyana

Pūjā: 1 honour, respect, homage, 2 worship, devotional observances, devotional offerings; also offerings to Bhikkhus.

1: The Mahā-mangala Sutta Sn. 259 says that;Honour and respect towards those …

tathatā →

nyana

Tathatā: ‘Suchness’, designates the firmly fixed nature bhāva of all things whatever. The only passage in the Canon where the word occurs in this sense, is found in Kath. 186 see: Guide, p. 83. …

theravāda →

nyana

Theravāda: ‘Doctrine of the Elders’, is a name of the oldest form of the Buddha’s teachings, handed down to us in the Pāli language. According to tradition, its name is derived from the fact of ha …

āloka-saññā →

nyana

Āloka-saññā: Perception of light. The recurring canonical passage reads: Here the Bhikkhu contemplates the perception of light. He fixes his-mind to the experience of the daylight; as at day-ti …

abbhuta →

pts

…combd. with lomahaṃsana) Ja.iv.355 (id.); Thig.316 (abbhutaṃ vata vācaṃ bhāsasi = acchariyaṃ Thag-a.233); Vv.44#9…

abhinikkhamana →

pts

departure, going away, esp. the going out into monastic life, retirement renunciation. Usually as mahā˚; the great renunciation Ja.i.61; Pv-a.19.

abhi + nikkhamana

abhinimmināti →

pts

…manomayaṃ); Vv-a.16 (mahantaṃ hatthi-rāja-vaṇṇaṃ)
pp abhinimmita (q.v.).

abhi + nimmināti, cp. BSk….

abhipassati →

pts

to have regard for, look for, strive after AN.i.147 (nibbānaṃ); AN.iii.75; Snp.896 (khema˚), Snp.1070 (rattamahā˚) Mnd.308; Cnd.428; Ja.vi.370.

abhi + passati

abhippavassati →

pts

to shed rain upon, to pour down; intrs. to rain, to pour, fall. Usually in phrase mahāmegho abhippavassati a great cloud bursts Mil.8 Mil.13, Mil.36, Mil.304; Pv-a.132 (variant reading ati˚); intrs. …

abhippavuṭṭha →

pts

past participle having rained, poured, fallen; trs. SN.v.51 (bandhanāni meghena ˚āni) AN.v.127; intrs. MN.ii.117 (mahāmegho ˚o there has been a cloudburst).

fr. abhippavassati

abhisambhū →

pts

adjective getting, attaining (?) DN.ii.255 (lomahaṃsa˚).

fr. abhi + sam + bhū

abhitāpa →

pts

extreme heat, glow; adj. very hot Vin.iii.83 (sīsa˚ sunstroke); MN.i.507 (mahā˚ very hot) Mil.67 (mahābhitāpatara much hotter); Pv.iv.1#8 (mahā˚ of niraya).

abhi + tāpa

abhiññatā →

pts

in cpd. mahā˚; state or condition of great intelligence or supernormal knowledge SN.iv.263; SN.V.175, SN.V.298 sq.

fr. abhiññā

addhan →

pts

…formula with jiṇṇa & mahallaka; Vin.ii.188; DN.i.48 (cp. DN-a.i.143); MN.i.82; Snp.p. 50, Snp.p. 92; Pv-a.149.

aggatā →

pts

…prominence, superiority Kv.556 (˚ṃ gata); Dpvs.iv.1 (guṇaggataṃ gatā)
■ (adj.) mahaggata of great value or…

aggha →

pts

…Mhvs.76; Vv-a.77
mahaggha (adj.) of great value Ja.iv.138; Ja.v.414; Ja.vi.209; Pv.ii.1#18. See also mahāraha….

aggi →

pts

fire.

  1. fire, flames, sparks; conflagration Vin.ii.120 (fire in bathroom); MN.i.487 (anāhāro nibbuto f. gone out for lack of fuel); SN.iv.185, SN.iv.399 (sa-upādāno jalati provided with fuel blazes …

ahaṃ →

pts

…the first“ Vv.84#50 (= ahamahaṃkārā ti Vv-a.351)
■ gen. dat. mayhaṃ Snp.431, Snp.479; Ja.i.279; Ja.ii.160, mama

ahuhāliya →

pts

hoarse & loud laugh Ja.iii.223 (= danta-vidaṃsaka-mahā-hasita C.).

onomat.

akkhaṇa →

pts

…a. AN.i.284 (+ mahato kāyassa padāletā), AN.ii.170 sq. (id.), AN.i.202; AN.iv.423, AN.iv.425; Ja.ii.91 (explained as either…

alasa →

pts

adjective idle, lazy, slack, slothful, languid SN.i.44, SN.i.217; Snp.96 (= jāti-alaso Snp-a.170); Ja.iv.30; Dhp.280 (= mahā-alaso Dhp-a.iii.410). Opp. analasa vigorous energetic SN.i.44; DN.iii …

allīyati →

pts

to cling to, stick to, adhere to (in both senses, good or bad); to covet

  1. lit. kesā sīsaṃ allīyiṃsu the hair stuck to the head Ja.i.64 khaggo lomesu allīyi the sword stuck in the hair Ja.i.273
  2. f …

amacca →

pts

  1. friend, companion, fellow-worker, helper, esp one who gives his advice, a bosom-friend Iti.73; Ja.vi.512 (sahajātā amaccā); Pv.ii.6#20 (a ˚-paricārikā well-advising friends as company or around …

amata →

pts

Amata1

neuter

  1. The drink of the gods, ambrosia, water of immortality, (cp BSk. amṛta-varṣa “rain of Ambrosia” Jtm.221).
  2. A general conception of a state of durability & non-change a …

anoma →

pts

adjective (only ˚-) not inferior, superior, perfect, supreme, in foll. compounds

  • -guṇa supreme virtue DN-a.i.288.
  • -dassika of superior beauty Vv.20#7, V …

anu →

pts

Anu1

indeclinable prep. & pref

A.

As prep. anu is only found occasionally, and here its old (Vedic) function with acc. is superseded by the loc. Traces of …

anubhāva →

pts

…of, accordance with“, e.g. maha˚ sensation of greatness rājâ˚ s. belonging to a king, what is in accordance with kingship, i.e. majesty….

anubhāvatā →

pts

majesty, power SN.i.156 (mahā˚).

= anubhāva + tā

anubyañjana FIXME double →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

anupathe →

pts

at Ja.v.302 should be read as anu pathe by the way at the wayside; anu to be taken as prep. c. loc. (see anu A). C. explains as janghamagga-mahāmaggānaṃ antare.

anupubba →

pts

adjective following in one’s turn, successive, gradual, by and by, regular Vin.ii.237 (mahāsamuddo a˚-ninno etc.); DN.i.184; Snp.511; Ja.v.155 (regularly formed, of ūrū). Cases adverbially: *[anupubb …

anuvyañjana →

pts

Anuvyañjana & anubyañjana

(e.g. Vin.iv.15; Ja.i.12) neuter accompanying (i.e. secondary attribute, minor or inferior characteristic, supplementary or additional sign or mark (cf. mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇa …

apadāna →

pts

  1. removing, breaking off, DN.iii.88.
  2. [= Sk. avadāna cp. ovāda] advice, admonition, instruction, morals Vin.ii.4 (an˚ not taking advice), Vin.ii.7 (id.) MN.i.96; AN.v.337 sq. (saddhā˚) Thag.47.

appa →

pts

…DN.i.61 (opp. mahant, DN-a.i.170 parittaka); Snp.713, Snp.775, Snp.805, Snp.896 (= appaka, omaka thoka, lamaka, jatukka, parittaka…

appesakkha →

pts

adjective of little power, weak, impotent SN.ii.229; Mil.65; Sdhp.89.

acc. to Childers = Sk. *alpa + īśa + ākhya, the latter fr. ā + khyā “being called lord of little”; Trenckner on Mil.65 (see …

araha →

pts

…[Sk. mahārgha] worth much, of great value, costly, dear Ja.i.50, Ja.i.58; Ja.iii.83, etc. (see mahant). 2. fit for, apt for,…

arañña →

pts

forest DN.i.71; MN.i.16; MN.iii.104; SN.i.4, SN.i.7, SN.i.29, SN.i.181, SN.i.203 (mahā); AN.i.60 (˚vanapatthāni); AN.ii.252; AN.iii.135, AN.iii.138; Snp.39, Snp.53, Snp.119; Dhp.99, Dhp.329, Dhp.330; …

ariṭṭhaka →

pts

adjective

  1. unhurt; perfect DN-a.194 (˚ṃ ñāṇaṃ)
  2. [fr. ariṭṭha in meaning of “soap-berry plant”?] in phrase mahā ariṭṭhako maṇi SN.i.104 “a great mass of soap stone” (cp. Rh. D. in JR. A. S. 18 …

asecanaka →

pts

adjective unmixed, unadulterated, i.e. with full and unimpaired properties, delicious, sublime, lovely MN.i.114; SN.i.213 (a. ojava “that elixir that no infusion needs Mrs Rh. D.) = Thig.55 (expl<su …

asura →

pts

fallen angel, a Titan pl. asurā the Titans, a class of mythological beings. Dhpāla at Pv-a.272 & the C. on Ja.v.186 define them as kāḷakañjaka-bhedā asurā. The are classed with other similar infer …

asīti →

pts

number 80 (on symbolical meaning & freq. application see; aṭṭha1 B 1 c, where also most of the ref’s In addition we mention the foll.:) Ja.i.233 (˚hattha 80 hands, i.e. 80 cubits deep); J …

ati →

pts

…˚manohara very charming; ˚mahant too great; ˚vikāla very inconvenient ˚vela a very long time; ˚sambādha too tight, etc. etc. (b.) with verb:…

atibrūheti →

pts

to shout out, roar, cry Ja.v.361 (= mahāsaddaṃ nicchāreti).

ati + brūheti, bṛh2, but by C. taken incorrectly to brū; cp. Sk. abhi-bṛṇhayati

atimahant →

pts

adjective very or too great Ja.i.221; Pv-a.75.

ati + mahant

ayyaka →

pts

grandfather, (so also BSk., e.g. Mvu.ii.426; Mvu.iii.264) Ja.iii.155; Ja.iv.146; Ja.vi.196; Pv.i.84; Mil.284. ayyaka-payyakā grandfather & great grandfather; forefathers, ancestors Ja.i.2; Pv-a.107 …

aḍḍha →

pts

…in combn. with mahaddhana & mahābhoga; of great wealth & resources (foll. by pahūta-jātarūparajata pahūta vittūpakaraṇa…

aḍḍhaka →

pts

adjective wealthy, rich, influential Ja.iv.495; Pv.ii.8#2 (= mahāvibhava Pv-a.107).

aṇu →

pts

…small & large Dhp.31 (= mahantañ ca khuddakañ ca Dhp-a.i.282), Dhp.409 = Snp.633; Ja.iv.192; Dhp-a.iv.184.

aṇṇava →

pts

  1. a great flood (= ogha), the sea or ocean (often as mah˚ cp. BSk. mahārṇava, e.g. Jtm.31#75) MN.i.134; SN.i.214 SN.iv.157 (mahā udak˚); Snp.173 (fig. for saṃsāra see Snp-a.214), Snp.183, Snp.184; J …

aṭṭha →

pts

Aṭṭha1

num. card, eight, decl. like pl. of adj. in-a A. The number in objective significance, based on natural phenomena: see compounds ˚angula, ˚nakha, ˚pada, ˚pāda B. The number in …

bahu →

pts

…very watchful Dhp.29 (= mahante sativepulle jāgariye ṭhita Dhp-a.i.262); Snp.972 (cp. Mnd.501). -jāta growing much,…

bhasati →

pts

to bark (of dogs) Ja.iv.182 (aor. bhasi; so read for T. bhusi)
pp bhasitaṃ (as n.) bark ibid. (mahā-bhasitaṃ bhasi, read for bhusita) See also bhusati.

cp. Epic Sk. bhaṣate

bhava →

pts

…Cnd.664 A Thag.784 (Thag-a mahantāmahanta bh.) Thag-a.71 (Ap. v 30); Vb-a.501. -āsava the intoxicant of existence…

bhaya →

pts

…fear (sometimes under term mahabbhaya, mahā-bhaya), e.g. one of 17 at Mil.196, one of 16 (four times four) at AN.ii.121 sq. the same in…

bheri →

pts

kettle-drum (of large size; Dhs-a.319 distinguishes 2 kinds: mahā˚ & paṭaha˚ DN.i.79; AN.ii.185; Vv.81#10; Ja.vi.465; Dhp-a.i.396; Sdhp.429
issara˚; the drum of the ruler or lord Ja.i.283 *pa …

bhesma →

pts

adjective terrible, awful Vin.ii.203 = Iti.86 (“bhesmā hi udadhī mahā,” so read for Vin. bhasmā with variant reading bhesmā, and for It tasmā, with variant reading BB bhesmā, misunderstood by ed …

bheṇḍuka →

pts

Bheṇḍuka1

a ball for playing Ja.iv.30, Ja.iv.256; Ja.v.196; Ja.vi.471; Dhs-a.116 See also geṇḍuka.

in all probability misreading for geṇḍuka. The variant reading is …

bhiṃsaka →

pts

…(usually combined with lomahaṃsa DN.ii.106 = AN.iv.311; DN.ii.157; Vin.iii.8; Pv-a.22 Thag-a.242 (˚sabhāva = bhīmarūpa); Ja.v.43 2….

bhiṃsana →

pts

…(usually combined with lomahaṃsa DN.ii.106 = AN.iv.311; DN.ii.157; Vin.iii.8; Pv-a.22 Thag-a.242 (˚sabhāva = bhīmarūpa); Ja.v.43 2….

bhiṃsā →

pts

terror, fright; mahā-bhiṃsa (adj.) inspiring great terror DN.ii.259. Cp. bhismā.

fr. bhiṃsa

bhiṅka →

pts

the young of an animal, esp. of an elephant, in its property of being dirty (cp. pigs) Vin.ii.201 = SN.ii.269 (bhinka-cchāpa) Ja.v.418 (with ref. to young cats: “mahā-biḷārā nelamaṇḍalaṃ vuccati tar …

bhāra →

pts

  1. anything to carry, a load Vin.iii.278 (Bdhgh; dāru˚ a load of wood) bhāraṃ vahati to carry a load AN.i.84; Vv-a.23
    garu˚ a heavy load, as “adj.” “carrying a heavy load” Ja.v.439 (of a w …

bhārataka →

pts

“the petty descendants of Bhārata” or: load-carrier, porter (?) SN.iv.117 (indignantly applied to apprentices and other low class young men who honour the Mahā-Kaccāna).

fr. bhara

bhīmala →

pts

adjective terrifying, horrible, awful Ja.v.43 (T. bhīmūla, but read bhīmala; C. explains by bhiṃsanaka-mahāsadda).

fr. bhīma

bhūmaka →

pts

Bhūmaka & ˚ika

(adj.) (only-˚)

  1. having floors or stories (of buildings) as dve˚ pāsāda Dhp-a.i.414; pañca˚; pāsāda a palace with 5 stories Ja.i.58, Ja.i.89; satta˚; with 7 stories (pāsāda) …

bhūmi →

pts

  1. (lit.) ground, soil, earth Vin.ii.175; Snp.418 (yāna carriage road); Pv.i.10#14≈; Snp-a.353 (heṭṭhā-bhūmiyaṃ under the earth); Dhp-a.i.414 (id., opp. upari-bhūmiyaṃ)
  2. place, quarter, district …

bhūmika →

pts

Bhūmaka & ˚ika

(adj.) (only-˚)

  1. having floors or stories (of buildings) as dve˚ pāsāda Dhp-a.i.414; pañca˚; pāsāda a palace with 5 stories Ja.i.58, Ja.i.89; satta˚; with 7 stories (pāsāda) …

bhūta →

pts

grown, become; born, produced; nature as the result of becoming. The (exegetical) definition by Bdhgh of the word bhūta is interesting. He (at MN-a.i.31) distinguishes the foll. 7 …

bhūtika →

pts

adjective (-˚) in cpd. cātummahā˚ belongs to the whole expression, viz. composed of the 4 great elements MN.i.515.

bindu →

pts

  1. a drop, usually a drop of water Snp.392, Snp.812 (uda˚); Ja.i.100; Vism.531 (madhu˚) Thag-a.281; Pv-a.98 (udaka˚).
  2. a spot (cp. SBE xvii.155) Vism.222 (˚vicitvā gāvī a spotted cow).
  3. (as adj. …

bodhi →

pts

…Divy.392.

  • -maha feast in honour of the Bo tree Ja.iv.229
  • -mūla the root or foot of the Bo…

brahant →

pts

…also brahantā Vv.52#4 (= mahantā Vv-a.224; of the Yama-dūtā or Death’s giant messengers)
■ f. brahatl Ja.v.215 (= uḷārā C.);…

brahma →

pts

Brahma & Brahmā

I. Brahman

neuter [cp. Vedic bráhman nt. prayer; nom. sg bráhma]

  1. the supreme good; as a buddhistic term used in a sense different from the brahmanic (save in controvers …

brahmañña →

pts

adjective brahman, of the brahman rank; brahmanhood, of higher conduct, leading a pure life DN.i.115 (at which passage DN-a.i.286 includes Sāriputta, Moggallāna & Mahākassapa in this rank) MN.ii.167; …

brahmā →

pts

Brahma & Brahmā

I. Brahman

neuter [cp. Vedic bráhman nt. prayer; nom. sg bráhma]

  1. the supreme good; as a buddhistic term used in a sense different from the brahmanic (save in controvers …

brāhmaṇa →

pts

Brāhmaṇa1

a member of the Brahman caste; a Br teacher. In the Buddhist terminology also used for a man leading a pure, sinless & ascetic life, often even syn. with arahant
■ On brāhmaṇas …

buddha →

pts

Buddha1

adjective

  1. understood SN.i.35 = SN.i.60 (su-dub-buddha very difficult to understand)
  2. having attained enlightenment, wise AN.iv.449; Pv-a.16 (buddh’ ādayo), Pv-a.60 (= ari …

ca →

pts

…With neg, na ca = but not: mahatī vata te bondi, na ca paññā tadūpikā (but your wisdom is not in the same proportion) Ja.ii.160.

3….

cakka →

pts

I. Crude meaning

  1. a wheel (of a carriage) Dhp.1; Pv-a.65 (ratha˚); Mil.27.
  2. a discus used as a missile weapon Ja.i.74; Pgdp.36; cp khura˚ a razor as an instr. of torture.
  3. a disc, a …

cattārīsa →

pts

(& cattālīsa) forty SN.ii.85; Snp.p.87; Iti.99≈. Usually cattāḷīsa Ja.i.58; Ja.v.433; Dhp-a.i.41; Dhp-a.ii.9. 93.

  • -danta having 40 teeth (one of the characteristics of a Mahāp …

catur →

pts

base of numeral four

  1. As num. adj. nom. & acc. m cattāro (Dhp.109; Ja.iii.51) and caturo (Snp.84, Snp.188), f. catasso (Snp.1122), nt. cattāri (Snp.227); gen. m. catunnaṃ (Snp.p.102), (f. catassa …

cha →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

chambhita →

pts

…ch. lomahaṃsa (fear stupefaction & horripilation (“gooseflesh”) Vin.ii.156; SN.i.104; SN.i.118;…

chaḷ →

pts

Cha & Chaḷ

(cha in composition effects gemination of consonant, e.g. chabbīsati = cha + vīsati, chabbaṇṇa cha + vaṇṇa, chaḷ only before vowels in compound chaḷanga, chaḷ-abhiññā) the number six.

cita →

pts

heaped; lined or faced with (cp. citaka2) pokkharaṇiyo iṭṭhakāhi citā DN.ii.178, cp. Vin.ii.123.

  • -antaraṃsa “one whose shoulder-hole is heaped up, one who has th …

citta →

pts

…Pv-a.26; c. rakkhitaṃ mahato atthāya saṃvattati a guarded heart turns to great profit AN.i.7; similarly: c. *dantaṃ, guttaṃ,…

cora →

pts

thief, a robber Vin.i.74, Vin.i.75, Vin.i.88, Vin.i.149; SN.ii.100, SN.ii.128 = AN.ii.240; SN.ii.188 (gāmaghāta, etc.); SN.iv.173; MN.ii.74 = Thag.786; AN.i.48; AN.ii.121 sq.; AN.iv.92, AN.iv.278; Snp …

culla →

pts

Culla & cūḷa

adjective small, minor (opp mahā great, major), often in conn. with names & titles of books, e.g. c˚ Anāthapiṇḍika = A jr. Ja.ii.287, cp Anglo-Indian chota sahīb the younger gentleman ( …

cullāsīti →

pts

eighty-four Ja.vi.226 (mahākappe as duration of Saṃsāra); Pv-a.254 (id.). Also as cūḷāsīti q.v.

= caturāsīti

cātur →

pts

Cātur˚

(and cātu˚) consisting of four. Only in compounds viz.

  • -(r)anta (adj.) “of four ends,” i.e. covering or belonging to the 4 points of the compass, all-encircling, Ep of the earth: Ja.ii. …

cūḷa →

pts

Culla & cūḷa

adjective small, minor (opp mahā great, major), often in conn. with names & titles of books, e.g. c˚ Anāthapiṇḍika = A jr. Ja.ii.287, cp Anglo-Indian chota sahīb the younger gentleman ( …

cūḷanikā →

pts

only in phrase sahassi cūḷanikā lokadhātu “the system of the 1,000 lesser worlds” (distinguished from the dvi-sahassī majjhimakā & the ti-sahassī mahāsahassi lokadhātu) AN.i.227; Cnd.235, Cnd.2#b. …

dahara →

pts

…Thag-a.251 Opposed to mahallaka Ja.iv.482; to vuḍḍha Vism.100. f. daharā Vv.31#5 (young…

dahati →

pts

…DN.i.92 (okkākaṃ pitāmahaṃ = ṭhapeti DN-a.i.258); SN.iii.113 (mittato daheyya) AN.iv.239 (cittaṃ d. fix the mind on); Snp.825…

dakkhiṇa →

pts

adjective

  1. right (opp vāma left), with a tinge of the auspicious, lucky prominent: Vin.ii.195 (hattha); Pv-a.112, Pv-a.132 (id.) Pts.i.125. hattha, pāda, etc. with ref. to a Tathāgata’s body); Ja …

deva →

pts

god, a divine being; usually in pl. devā the gods. As title attributed to any superhuman being or beings regarded to be in certain respects above the human level. Thus primarily (see 1a) …

devatā →

pts

“condition or state of a deva, divinity; divine being, deity, fairy. The term comprises all beings which are otherwise styled devas, & a list of them given at Cnd.308 & based on the principle that any …

dhamma →

pts

…Red-hot lancet SN.iv.168; Lomahaṃsana˚ MN.i.83; Dhammatā-dhamma Mil.193, etc.

  • -pāla guardian of the Law or the Dhp…

dhana →

pts

…in combination aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga to indicate immense wealth (see aḍḍha) Pv-a.3, Pv-a.214 etc (see…

dhātu →

pts

element. Closely related to dhamma in meaning B 1b, only implying a closer relation to physical substance. As to its gen. connotation cp. Dhs. trsl. p. 198.

  1. a primary element, of whic …

dinna →

pts

given, granted, presented etc., in all meanings of dadāti q.v.; esp. of giving alms. Pv.iv.3#26 (= mahādāna Pv-a.253) & in phrase adinn’ādāna taking what is not given, i.e. stealing, adj adinnâdāyin …

donī →

pts

Donī1

feminine

  1. a (wooden) trough, a vat, tub SN.ii.259; AN.i.253; AN.v.323; Ja.i.450; Mil.56-tela˚ an oil vat AN.iii.58 (āyasā made of iron & used as a sarcophagus).
  2. a trough-shap …

doṇa →

pts

wooden pail, vat, trough; usually as measure of capacity (4 Āḷhaka generally) Pv.iv.3#33 (mitāni sukhadukkhāni donehi piṭakehi). taṇḍula˚ a doṇa of rice Dhp-a.iii.264 Dhp-a.iv.15. At Ja.ii.367 doṇa …

dukkha →

pts

…as jāti etc.); dukkhaṃ = mahabbhayaṃ SN.i.37; bhārādānaṃ dukkhaṃ loke bhāra-nikkhepanaṃ sukhaṃ (pain is the great weight)…

dvi →

pts

number two.

A. Meanings

I. Two as unit

  1. with objective foundation:
    1. denoting a combination (pair, couple) or a repetition (twice). In this conn. frequent both objective …

dvāra →

pts

  1. lit. an outer door, a gate, entrance Vin.i.15; SN.i.58 SN.i.138, SN.i.211; Ja.i.346; Ja.ii.63; Ja.vi.330; Vb.71 sq.; Pv-a.4, Pv-a.67 (village gate), Pv-a.79; Sdhp.54, Sdhp.356
    ■ That d. can …

dāna →

pts

…AN.iv.60; AN.iv.237 sq. (mahapphala), AN.iii.392 sq. (˚ssa vipāka), AN.v.269 (petānaṃ upakappati); Ja.i.8 (aggaḷa˚); Ja.ii.112…

dāvika →

pts

adjective in piṇḍa˚, a cert. rank in the army (variant reading piṇḍa-dāyika) DN.i.51 = Mil.331 (DN-a.i.156: sāhasikamahāyodhā etc., with popular expl. of the terms piṇḍa & davayati).

dāṭhikā →

pts

beard, whiskers Vin.ii.134 (na d. ṭhapetabbā, of the bhikkhus) Ja.i.305; Ja.v.42 (tamba˚), Ja.v.217 (mahā˚ having great whiskers); DN-a.i.263 (parūḷha-massu˚ with beard whiskers grown long).

Sk. * …

dīgha →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) long DN.i.17; MN.i.429; SN.i.104 (˚ṃ addhānaṃ); Snp.146, Snp.633 (opp. rassa); Dhp.60 Dhp.409; Pv.i.10#11 (˚ṃ antaraṃ all the time); Pv.ii.9#55 (id.) Thag.646 (˚m-antare); D …

dīpa →

pts

Dīpa1

a lamp Ja.ii.104 (˚ṃ jāleti to light a l.); Dhp-a.ii.49 (id.), Dhp-a.ii.94 (id.)

  • -acci the flame of a lamp Thag-a.154;
  • -āloka light of …

gahapati →

pts

the possessor of a house, the head of the household pater familias (freq. + seṭṭhi).

  1. In formulas
    1. as regards social standing, wealth & clanship: a man of private (i.e. not official) life, cl …

gandhabba →

pts

  1. a musician, a singer Ja.ii.249 sq.; Ja.iii.188; Vv-a.36, Vv-a.137.
  2. a Gandharva or heavenly musician, as a class (see ˚*kāyika*) belonging to the demigods who inhabit the Cātu …

gati →

pts

  1. going, going away, (opp. āgati coming) (both gati & āgati usually in pregnant sense of No. (2) See āgati); direction, course, career. Freq of the two careers of a Mahāpurisa (viz. either a Cakkavat …

gatta →

pts

the body, pl. gattāni the limbs. - As body: Vin.i.47; SN.i.169 = SN.i.183 (analla˚ with pure bodies; anallīna˚ at SN.i.169, but variant reading analla˚); AN.i.138; Snp.673 (samacchida˚ with bodies cu …

gaḷagaḷāyati →

pts

to roar, to crash, to thunder; deve gaḷagaḷāyate (loc. abs.) in a thunderstorm, usually as deve vassante deve g˚; amidst rain and heavy thunder DN.ii.132; SN.i.106; AN.v.114 sq (gala˚); Thag.189; Mi …

gaṇaka →

pts

counter, one skilled in counting familiar with arithmetic; an accountant, overseer or calculator. enumerated as an occupation together with muddika at DN.i.51 (expl DN-a.i.157 by acchidda-pāṭhaka); …

gaṇin →

pts

Gaṇin1

adjective one who has a host of followers, epithet of a teacher who has a large attendance of disciples; usually in standing combination sanghī gaṇī gaṇācariyo (see above) Also in f …

ghasa →

pts

adjective noun eating, an eater; in mahagghasa a big eater AN.v.149 (of the crow); Dhp.325; Mil.288.

gini →

pts

(poet.) fire AN.iii.347 (mahāgini); Snp.18 Snp.19 (āhito → nibbuto: made → extinguished); Ja.iv.26. Note. The occurrence of two phonetic representatives of one Vedic form (one by diaeresis & one by …

giri →

pts

mountain; as a rule only in cpds, by itself (poetical) only at Vism.206 (in enumn of the 7 large mountains).

  • -agga mountain top, in giraggasamajja Name of a festival c …

goṇaka →

pts

Goṇaka1

a kind of ox, a wild bull Ja.vi.538 (arañña˚).

goṇa1

Goṇaka2

a woollen cover with long fleece (DN-a.i.86: dīghalomako mahākojavo; caturangulādhikāni kir …

guṇavant →

pts

adjective possessed of good qualities, virtuous Pv.ii.9#71 (= jhān’ ādiguṇa-yutta); Pv-a.62 (mahā˚).

to guṇa1

gāhāpeti →

pts

to cause to take; to cause to be seized or fetched; to remove. Aor, gāhāpesi Ja.i.53; Ja.ii.37; gāhāpayi Pv.iv.1#42
ger gāhāpetvā Ja.i.166; Ja.ii.127; Ja.iii.281; Dhp-a.i.62 (patta-cīvaraṃ) With d …

hanu →

pts

the jaw DN.i.11; Ja.i.28 (mahā˚), Ja.i.498; Snp-a.30 (˚sañcalana) Vb-a.145 (˚sañcopana). --saṃhanana jaw-binding, incantations to bring on dumbness DN.i.11; DN-a.i.97.

Vedic hanu; cp. Lat. ge …

haṃsa →

pts

…see lomahaṃsa Snp.270 etc.

fr. haṃsati

Haṃsa2

  1. a water-bird, swan SN.i.148; Snp.221, Snp.350, Snp.1134;…

haṃsana →

pts

adjective noun bristling, see lomahaṃsa Snp.270 etc.

fr. hṛṣ

haṭṭha →

pts

…end MN.i.83; Dāvs v.64; lomahaṭṭhajāta (cp. ˚loma) with bristling hairs, excited DN.ii.240; Snp.p.14. 2. joyful, happy Vin.i.15; Snp.1017;…

ijjhati →

pts

…trsl.; = samijjhati mahapphalaṃ hoti C.); SN.iv.303; Snp.461 Snp.485; Ja.v.393; Pv.ii.1#11; Pv.ii.9#13 (= samijjhati Pv-a.120) Pot….

indanīla →

pts

sapphire Ja.i.80; Mil.118; Vv-a.111 (+ mahānīla).

inda + nīla “Indra’s blue”

jana →

pts

creature, living being:

  1. sg. an individual, a creature person, man Snp.121, Snp.676, Snp.807, Snp.1023 (sabba everybody) Usually collectively: people, they, one (= Fr. on), with pl. of verb Dhp.249 …

janapada →

pts

inhabited country, the country (opp. town or market-place), the continent politically: a province, district, county DN.i.136 (opp nigama); DN.ii.349; AN.i.160, AN.i.178; Snp.422, Snp.683, Snp.995, Sn …

jannu →

pts

the knee Dhp-a.i.394. -ka DN.ii.17≈(in marks of a Mahāpurisa, variant reading ṇṇ); Ja.iv.165; Dhp-a.i.48.

cp. jaṇṇu(ka) & jānu

jina →

pts

conquering, victorious, often of the Buddha, “Victor”: jitā me pāpakā dhammā tasmâhaṃ Upaka jino ti Vin.i.8 = MN.i.171; Vin.v.217; Snp.379, Snp.697, Snp.989, Snp.996. magga˚ conqueror of the Path Snp. …

jivhā →

pts

the tongue.

  1. physically: Vin.i.34; AN.iv.131; Snp.673, Snp.716; Dhp.65 Dhp.360; Ja.ii.306; Pv-a.99 (of Petas: visukkha-kanthaṭṭha j.), Pv-a.152
    ■ Of the tongue of the mahāpurusha which coul …

jiṇṇa →

pts

…decrepit, old: vuḍḍha mahallaka andhagata vayo-anupatta Cnd.261; jarājiṇṇatāya jiṇṇa DN-a.i.283
■ Vin.ii.189; DN.i.114;…

jutika →

pts

adjective (-˚) having light, in mahā˚; of great splendour DN.ii.272; AN.i.206; AN.iv.248.

jāla →

pts

Jāla1

neuter a net; netting, entanglement (lit. or fig.): snare, deceptíon (= māyā)

A. Lit

Cnd.260 (= suttajāla, a plaiting of threads); Snp-a.115 Snp-a.263 (= suttamaya) DN. …

jāni →

pts

Jāni1

feminine deprivation, loss, confiscation of property; plundering, robbery; using force, ill-treatment DN.i.135 = AN.i.201 (vadhena vā bandhena vā jāniyā vā); SN.i.66 (hatajānisu), J …

jāti →

pts

■ Instr. jātiyā (Snp.423) & jaccā (DN.ii.8; Ja.iii.395; Dhp.393); abl. jātiyā (SN.i.88) & jātito (by descent: DN.ii.8); loc. jātiyaṃ (Pv-a.10) & jātiyā (Pv-a.78).

  1. birth, rebirth, possibility of …

kacchu →

pts

  1. the plant Carpopogon pruriens, the fruit of which causes itch when applied to the skin Dhp-a.iii.297 (mahā-phalāni).
  2. itch, scab, a cutaneous disease, usually in phrase kacchuyā khajjati “to be …

kakkaṭa →

pts

large deer (?) Ja.vi.538 (explained as mahāmiga).

kalaha →

pts

quarrel, dispute, fight AN.i.170; AN.iv.196, AN.iv.401; Snp.862, Snp.863 (+ vivāda); Ja.i.483 Cnd.427; Dhp-a.iii.256 (udaka˚ about the water), Dhp-a.iv.219; Sdhp.135. ˚ṃ udīreti to quarrel Ja.v.395 …

kali →

pts

…akkhesu dhanaparājayo… mahantataro kali yo sugatesu manam padosaye SN.i.149 = AN.ii.3 = AN.v.171, AN.v.174 = Snp.659 = Ne.132; cp. MN.iii.170;…

kamma →

pts

…k˚ṃ… na taṃ hoti mahapphalaṃ… SN.i.49 = Dhp.312 = Thag.277; kadariya˚ a stingy action Pv-a.25; k. classed with sippa,…

kanikāra →

pts

kaṇṇikāra Ja.iv.440; Ja.v.420; the difference stated at Ja.v.422 is kaṇi˚ = mahāpupphā kaṇṇi˚ = khuddakapupphā)

  1. (m.) the tree Pterospermum acerifolium Ja.i.40; Ja.v.295; Ja. …

kappa →

pts

adjective noun anything made with a definite object in view, prepared, arranged; or that which is fit, suitable, proper. See also DN-a.i.103 & Kp-a.115 for var. meanings.

I. Literal Meaning # …

kappin →

pts

adjective

  1. (cp. kappa ii.1a) getting, procuring, acquiring (pañña˚) Snp.1090.
  2. (cp kappa ii.1b) having a kappa (as duration), lasting a Cycle Pp.13; in Mahā˚ enduring a Mahā …

karavīka →

pts

same Ja.v.204, Ja.v.416; Vv.36#4; Vism.112, Vism.206; Vv-a.166, Vv-a.219.

  • -bhāṇin speaking like the cuckoo, i.e. with a clear and melodious voice, one of the mahāpurisa-lakk …

karoti →

pts

…k˚ to make up one’s mind; mahaṃ k˚ to hold a festival DN.ii.165; massuṃ k˚ to trim the beard Dhp-a.i.253; musāvādaṃ k˚ to tell a lie…

karuṇā →

pts

  1. (f.) pity compassion. Karuṇā is one of the 4 qualities of character significant of a human being who has attained enfranchisement of heart (ceto-vimutti) in the 4 sentiments viz. mettā k.˚ upekhā …

kasāva →

pts

Kasāya & Kasāva

  1. a kind of paste or gum used in colouring walls Vin.ii.151.
  2. an astringent decoction extracted from plants Vin.i.201, Vin.i.277; Ja.v.198.
  3. (of taste), astringent DhS.629; Mil.65 …

kasāya →

pts

Kasāya & Kasāva

  1. a kind of paste or gum used in colouring walls Vin.ii.151.
  2. an astringent decoction extracted from plants Vin.i.201, Vin.i.277; Ja.v.198.
  3. (of taste), astringent DhS.629; Mil.65 …

kathika →

pts

adjective (-˚) relating, speaking, conversing about, expounding, in compounds citta˚ Thig.449 (cp. citra-kathin); tiracchāna˚; AN.iv.153 dhamma˚; Ja.i.148; Ja.iii.342; Ja.iv.2 (˚thera); Ja.vi. …

kañcana →

pts

gold AN.iii.346 Thag.691 (muttaṃ selā va k.); Thig.266 (k˚ ssa phalakaṃ va); Vv-a.4, Vv-a.9 (= jātarūpa). Esp. freq. in compounds = of or like gold.

kaṅkhati →

pts

  1. with loc.: to be uncertain, unsettled, to doubt (syn. vicikicchati with which always combined). Kaṅkhati vicikicchati dvīsu mahāpurisa-lakkhaṇesu DN.i.106 is in doubt a …

kaṇḍa →

pts

  1. the portion of a stalk or cane between one knot and another; the whole stalk or shaft; the shaft of an arrow, an arrow in general MN.i.429 (two kinds of arrows: kaccha & ropima, cp kaṇḍa-cittaka); …

kaṇṇa →

pts

  1. a corner, an angle Vin.i.48, Vin.i.286; Ja.i.73; Ja.iii.42 Ja.v.38; Ja.vi.519; Pv-a.74; Dhp-a.ii.178; Dāvs ii.111- cīvara˚; the edge of the garment Vism.389. Freq. in cpd. catu˚; (catukkaṇṇa …

kaṇṭha →

pts

…Pv-a.280 (akkharāni mahatā kaṇṭhena uccaritāni). The throat of Petas is narrow and parched with thirst: Pv-a.99…

kaṭacchu →

pts

ladle, a spoon; explained by uḷunka Dhp-a.iv.75, Dhp-a.iv.123; by dabbi Pv-a.135. Used for butter Vv-a.68, otherwise for cooked food in general, esp. rice gruel
■ Vin.ii.216; Ja.i.454; Ja.iii.27 …

kaṭhina →

pts

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) hard, firm, stiff Cp.ii.2; Dhs.44, Dhs.45 (where also der. f. abstr. akaṭhinatā absence of rigidity, combined with akakkhalatā, cp Dhs-a.151 akaṭhina-bhāva); Pv-a.152 (˚dā …

khandha →

pts

I. Crude meaning

bulk, massiveness (gross) substance.

  1. Esp. used
    1. of an elephant: the bulk of the body, i.e. its back SN.i.95 vāraṇassa Ja.iii.392; hatthi-khandha-vara-gata on th …

khattar →

pts

attendant, companion, charioteer, the king’s minister and adviser (Lat. satelles “satellite” has been compared for etym.) DN.i.112 (= DN-a.i.280, kh˚ vuccati pucchita-pucchita-pañhaṃ vyākaraṇa-sam …

khattiya →

pts

nom. also khattiyāse Ja.iii.441. A shortened form is khatya Ja.vi.397
■ f. khattiyā AN.iii.226–⁠AN.iii.229, khattī DN.i.193, and khattiyī. A member of one of the clans or tribes recognised as of Ary …

khetta →

pts

…a field Ja.iii.54;

khitta →

pts

thrown; cast, overthrown Dhp.34; rajo paṭivātaṃ kh˚, dirt thrown against the wind SN.i.13, SN.i.164 = Snp.662 = Dhp.125; Ja.iii.203; ratti-khittā sarā arrows shot in the night Dhp.304 = Ne.11; acchi …

kicca →

pts

…(Dhp-a.ii.78 = khuddakamahantesu karaṇīyesu “in small and great duties”) ˚esu yuttapayutto māṇavo (cp. a maid “of all work”…

kila →

pts

…anussavatthe nipāto).

  1. mahantaṃ kira Bārāṇasirajjaṃ “the kingdom of B. is truly great Ja.i.126; attā hi kira duddamo “self is…

kira →

pts

…anussavatthe nipāto).

  1. mahantaṃ kira Bārāṇasirajjaṃ “the kingdom of B. is truly great Ja.i.126; attā hi kira duddamo “self is…

kittāvatā →

pts

adverb to what extent? how far? in what respect? K˚ nu kho mahāpurisa hoti “in what respect is a man a great man?” Cnd.502 B; k˚ nu kho paññavā ti vuccati? MN.i.292. Kitti & Kitti

kojava →

pts

rug or cover with long hair, a fleecy counterpane Vin.i.281; Dhp-a.i.177; Dhp-a.iii.297 (pāvāra˚); Dāvs v.36 Often in expln of goṇaka (q.v.) as dīgha-lomaka mahākojav …

kolāhala →

pts

(cp. also halāhala) shouting, uproar, excitement about (-˚), tumult, foreboding, warning about something, hailing. There are 5 kolāhalāni enumerated at Kp-a.120 sq. viz. kappa˚; (the announcement …

kosa →

pts

Kosa1

masculine neuter any cavity or enclosure containing anything, viz.

  1. a store-room or storehouse, treasury or granary AN.iv.95 (rāja˚); Snp.525; Ja.iv.409 (= wealth, stores); Ja.vi …

kummāsa →

pts

junket, usually with odana, boiled rice. In formula of kāya (cātummahābhūtika etc., see kāya) DN.i.76 = MN.ii.17 and ≈; in enum. of material food (kabaḷinkārâhāra) …

kuṇḍala →

pts

ring esp. earring AN.i.254 = AN.iii.16; Ja.iv.358 (su˚ with beautiful earrings); Dhp-a.i.25. Frequent as maṇi˚, a jewelled earring Vin.ii.156; SN.i.77; MN.i.366; Pv.ii.9#50; sīha˚ or sīhamukha˚ an ea …

kāruṇika →

pts

adjective compassionate, merciful Pv.ii.1#13; Pv-a.16; Bdhd 49; often with mahā˚: of great mercy Sdhp.330, Sdhp.557; so of the Buddha: mahākāruṇika nātha “the Saviour of great mercy” in introductor …

kāya →

pts

group, heap, collection, aggregate, body

Definitions and synonyms

Snp-a.31 gives the foll. synonyms and similes of kāya: kuṭī, guhā (Snp.772), deha, sandeha (Dhp.148 = Thag.20), nāvā (Dhp.3 …

kīva →

pts

…Mil.16; Dhp-a.i.386; k˚-mahantaṃ how big? Dhp-a.i.29; Vv-a.325 k˚ bahuṃ how much? Dhp-a.iv.193.

Sk. kiyant and kīvant; formed fr….

kīvant →

pts

…Mil.16; Dhp-a.i.386; k˚-mahantaṃ how big? Dhp-a.i.29; Vv-a.325 k˚ bahuṃ how much? Dhp-a.iv.193.

Sk. kiyant and kīvant; formed fr….

lakkhaṇa →

pts

  1. sign, characteristic mark; esp. a sign as implying something extraordinary or pointing to the future, therefore a prognosticative mark (cp. talisman), a distinguishing mark or salient feature, prop …

latā →

pts

  1. a slender tree, a creeping plant, creeper AN.i.202 (māluvā˚); Vv.35#5 (= vallī Vv-a.162) Vv.47#4 (kosātakī l.); Ja.i.464 (rukkha˚, here perhaps better “branch”); Dhp-a.i.392 (˚pasādhana: see unde …

lañcana →

pts

in “kārāpesi tilañcanaṃ” at Dpvs.20, 10 is not clear. We may have to correct reading into lañchanaṃ or lañchakaṃ. Oldenberg in his translation (p. 211) leaves the word out and remarks: “Probably …

laṅghi →

pts

Laṅghi (Laṅghī)

feminine

  1. a kind of deer (?) Ja.vi.537.
  2. doubtful of meaning & origin in phrase; laṅghī-pitāmahā at Ja.ii.363 = Ja.iii.226: “whose grandfather was a deer, or a jumper” (?); us …

laṅghī →

pts

Laṅghi (Laṅghī)

feminine

  1. a kind of deer (?) Ja.vi.537.
  2. doubtful of meaning & origin in phrase; laṅghī-pitāmahā at Ja.ii.363 = Ja.iii.226: “whose grandfather was a deer, or a jumper” (?); us …

leṇa →

pts

(& lena) neuter

  1. a cave (in a rock), a mountain cave, used by ascetics (or bhikkhus) as a hermitage or place of shelter, a rock cell. Often enumerated with kuṭi guhā, e.g. Vin.iv.48; Mil.151; Vb. …

loka →

pts

world, primarily “visible world,” then in general as “space or sphere of creation, with var. degrees of substantiality. Often (unspecified in the comprehensive sense of “universe.” Sometimes the term …

lokika →

pts

Lokiya & lokika

(adj.)

  1. (ordinarily) “belonging to the world,” i.e
    1. world-wide, covering the whole world, famed, widely known Thag.554; Ja.vi.198.
    2. (-˚) belonging to the world of, an i …

lokiya →

pts

Lokiya & lokika

(adj.)

  1. (ordinarily) “belonging to the world,” i.e
    1. world-wide, covering the whole world, famed, widely known Thag.554; Ja.vi.198.
    2. (-˚) belonging to the world of, an i …

loma →

pts

the hair of the body (whereas kesa is the hair of the head only) DN.ii.18 (ekeka˚, uddhagga˚, in characteristics of a Mahāpurisa); SN.ii.257 (asi˚, usu˚, satti˚ etc.) AN.ii.114; Vin.iii.106 (usu˚ etc. …

lomasa →

pts

…as pakkhino, i.e. birds; reading however doubtful (vv.ll. lomahaṃsa & lomassā).

cp. Vedic romaśa

mahallaka →

pts

…Dhp-a.ii.18
■ f. mahallikā an old woman Mil.16; Mhvs.21, Mhvs.27; Vv-a.105; Pv-a.149 (= addhagata)
■ [The…

mahant →

pts

…(opp. daharā)
■ loc mahati Mil.254
■ f. mahī 1 one of the 5 great rivers (Np.) 2 the earth. See…

mahantatā →

pts

greatness Dhp-a.ii.62. At MN.iii.24 the spelling is mahattatā (tt misread for nt?) at MN.i.184 however mahantatta (nt.).

fr. mahant˚

mahanīya →

pts

adjective praiseworthy Vv-a.97.

grd. of mahati

mahati →

pts

to honour, revere Vv.47#11 (pot. med. 1 pl. mahemase, cp Geiger, P.Gr. § 129; explained as “mahāmase pūjāmase at Vv-a.203). Caus. mahāyati in same sense: ger mahāyitvāna (poetical) Ja.iv.236

mahatta →

pts

…jāti˚, sabrahmacārī˚); DN-a.i.35; Vv-a.191.

fr. mahat˚ cp. Sk. mahattva

mahisa →

pts

Mahisa, Mahīsa, Mahiṃsa

a buffalo. mahisa: DN.i.6 (˚yuddha b. fight), DN.i.9; Ja.iii.26 (vana wild b.); Mhvs.25, Mhvs.36 (T. māhisaṃ)
mahīsa Ja.vi.110- mahiṃsa Vism.191, …

mahita →

pts

honoured, revered MN.ii.110; Mil.278; Sdhp.276.

pp. of mahati or mahīyati

mahiṃsa →

pts

Mahisa, Mahīsa, Mahiṃsa

a buffalo. mahisa: DN.i.6 (˚yuddha b. fight), DN.i.9; Ja.iii.26 (vana wild b.); Mhvs.25, Mhvs.36 (T. māhisaṃ)
mahīsa Ja.vi.110- mahiṃsa Vism.191, …

mahī →

pts

…Mhvs.18, Mhvs.18, Mhvs.19.

f. of mah, base of mahant, Vedic mahī

mahīsa →

pts

Mahisa, Mahīsa, Mahiṃsa

a buffalo. mahisa: DN.i.6 (˚yuddha b. fight), DN.i.9; Ja.iii.26 (vana wild b.); Mhvs.25, Mhvs.36 (T. māhisaṃ)
mahīsa Ja.vi.110- mahiṃsa Vism.191, …

majjhima →

pts

adjective

  1. middle medium, mediocre, secondary, moderate
    ■ Applied almost exclusively in contrast pairs with terms of more or less, in triplets like “small-medium-big,” or “first-middle-las …

manta →

pts

orig. a divine saying or decision, hence a secret plan (cp. def. of mant at Dhtp.578 by “gutta-bhāsane”), counsel; hence magic charm, spell. In particular a secret religious code or doctrine, esp. …

megha →

pts

cloud Pv.ii.9#45; Vism.126; esp. a thundercloud storm, SN.i.100 (thaneti), SN.i.154; Thag.307 (as kāḷa) Iti.66; Ja.i.332 (pajjunna vuccati megha); Dhp-a.i.19; Snp-a.27 (˚thanita-sadda). In this cap …

milakkha →

pts

barbarian, foreigner, outcaste hillman SN.v.466; Ja.vi.207; DN-a.i.176; Snp-a.236 (˚mahātissa-thera Np.), Snp-a.397 (˚bhāsā foreign dialect) The word occurs also in form *[milakkhu](/define/milakk …

mokkha →

pts

Mokkha1

  1. (lit.) release, freedom from, in bandhanā m DN.i.73 = MN.i.276.
  2. (fig.) release, deliverance, salvation Vb.426 (jarā-maraṇa˚ from old age & death) Dhp-a.i.4 (˚magga + sagg …

mucala →

pts

occurs as simplex only in Np. Mahā- mucala -mālaka Mhvs.15, Mhvs.36. It refers to the tree mucalinda, of which it may be a short form. On the other hand *m …

mukha →

pts

  1. the mouth Snp.608, Snp.1022 (with ref. to the long tongue, pahūta-jivha, of the Buddha or Mahāpurisa) Ja.ii.7; DN-a.i.287 (uttāna˚ clear mouthed, i.e. easy to understand, cp. DN.i.116); Pv-a.11, …

munana →

pts

…(mahā-isibhūtaṃ… mahanten’ eva ñāṇena munanato paricchindanato mahā muniṃ), & Vv-a.231 (anavasesassa ñeyyassa munanato…

mālaka →

pts

Mālaka (Māḷaka)

a circular (consecrated) enclosure, round, yard (cp. Geiger, Mvu. trsl. 99: “m. is a space marked off and usually terraced within which sacred functions were carried out. In the Mah …

mālin →

pts

adjective

  1. wearing a garland (or row) of flowers (etc.) Pv.iii.9#1 (= mālābhārin Pv-a.211); f mālinī Vv.36#2 (nānā-ratana˚); Mhvs.18, Mhvs.30 (vividhadhaja˚ mahābodhi).
  2. (pe …

mātar →

pts

…Ja.i.202; Ja.vi.498. 5. -maha maternal grandfather Ja.iv.146; Dhp-a.i.346. 6. māti˚-devatā protector or guardian of…

māḷaka →

pts

Mālaka (Māḷaka)

a circular (consecrated) enclosure, round, yard (cp. Geiger, Mvu. trsl. 99: “m. is a space marked off and usually terraced within which sacred functions were carried out. In the Mah …

nadī →

pts

river; often characterised as mahā˚ in opp to kun˚ rivulet; pl. nadiyo also collect. “the waters
■ DN.i.244 (Aciravatī nadī); SN.ii.32, SN.ii.118, SN.ii.135; SN.v.390; AN.i.33, AN.i.136, AN.i.243 (m …

natta →

pts

…by day & by night Snp.1070 (variant reading BB and Cnd rattamahaṃ).

Sk. nakta, see nakkhatta

nela →

pts

Neḷa & Nela

(adj.)

  1. without fault or sin blameless, faultless; not hurting, humane, gentle merciful, innocuous DN.i.4 (Bdhgh explains: elaṃ vuccati doso; n’ assā (i.e. vācāya) elan ti nelā; niddos …

neḷa →

pts

Neḷa & Nela

(adj.)

  1. without fault or sin blameless, faultless; not hurting, humane, gentle merciful, innocuous DN.i.4 (Bdhgh explains: elaṃ vuccati doso; n’ assā (i.e. vācāya) elan ti nelā; niddos …

nibbuta →

pts

adjective (lit.) extinguished (of fire), cooled, quenched (fig. desireless (often with nicchāta & sītibhūta), appeased pleased, happy

  1. (lit.) aggi anāhāro n. MN.i.487; Snp.19 (ginī n. = magga-sali …

nibbāna →

pts

I. Etymology

Although nir + “to blow”. (cp. BSk. nirvāṇa) is already in use in the Vedic period (see nibbāpeti), we do not find its distinctive ap …

nibbāpeti →

pts

  1. to extinguish, put out, quench SN.i.188 (mahārāgaṃ); Iti.93 (rāg-aggiṃ; & nibbāpetvā aggiṃ nipakā parinibbanti); cp. aggiṃ nijjāleti Ja.vi.495; Pv.i.8#5 (vārinā viya osiñcaṃ sabbaṃ daraṃ nibbāpaye …

niddesa →

pts

  1. description, attribute, distinction Pv-a.7 (ukkaṭṭha˚) -vatthu object of distinction or praise DN.iii.253; AN.iv.15 (where reading is niddasa, which also as variant reading …

nikkhamati →

pts

to go forth from, to come out of (c. abl.), to get out, issue forth depart, fig. to leave the household life behind (agārā n.), to retire from the world (cp. abhinikkhamati etc.) or to give up evil …

ninna →

pts

…the low country Snp.30 (mahamegho ˚ṃ pūrayaṃto); Snp-a.42 (= pallala); Iti.66 (megho ˚ṃ pūreti); Pv.ii.9#45 (megho ˚ṃ…

niraya →

pts

purgatory, hell, a place of punishment & torture, where sin is atoned (i.e. kamma ripens = paccati, is literally boiled) by terrible ordeals (kāraṇāni) similar to & partly identical with those of Hade …

nāda →

pts

loud sound, roaring, roar Ja.i.19 (sīha˚), Ja.i.50 (koñca˚), Ja.i.150 (mahā˚). Cp. pa˚.

Sk. nāda, see nadati

nāga →

pts

  1. a serpent or Nāga demon, playing a prominent part in Buddh. fairy-tales, gifted with miraculous powers & great strength. They often act as fairies are classed with other divinities (see *[devatā]( …

nīla →

pts

adjective dark-blue, blue-black blue-green. Nīla serves as a general term to designate the “coloured-black,” as opposed to the “colouredwhite” (pīta yellow), which pairs (nīla-pīta) are both set …

ogha →

pts

…BSk. ogha, e.g. Divy.95 caturogh’ ottīrṇa, Jtm.215 mahaugha. Etym. uncertain

opatita →

pts

falling (down) Pv-a.29 (udaka; variant reading ovuḷhita, opalahita; context rcads at Pv-a.29 mahāsobbhehi opatitena udakena, but id. p. at Kp-a.213 reads mahāsobbha-sannipātehi).

pp. of opatati

otarati →

pts

to descend, to go down to (c. acc.), to be-take oneself to. ppr. otaranto Vin.ii.221
aor otari Snp-a.486 (for avaṃsari); Dhp-a.i.19 (cankamanaṃ) Pv-a.47 (nāvāya mahāsamuddaṃ), Pv-a.75
inf * …

pabbata →

pts

  1. a mountain (-range), hill, rock SN.i.101 SN.i.102, SN.i.127, SN.i.137; SN.ii.32, SN.ii.185, SN.ii.190; AN.i.243; AN.ii.140; AN.iv.102 (dhūpāyati); Snp.413, Snp.417, Snp.543, Snp.958, Snp.1014; Mnd …

paccaggha →

pts

…Pv.ii.3#16 (= abhinava mahaggha vā Pv-a.87); Pv.iii.10#5 (= abhinava Pv-a.214); Dāvs v.25; Pv-a.44.

paṭi + aggha, cp. Sk. pratyagra…

paccatta →

pts

adjective separate, individual; usually acc. -ṃ adv. separately, individually, singly, by himself in his own heart DN.i.24 (yeva nibbuti viditā); DA on DN.ii.77 = attano attano abbhantare; MN.i.251 …

pada →

pts

  1. foot Dhp.273 = Snp-a.366 (? saccānaṃ caturo padā); DN-a.i.85; usually -˚, like hatthipadaṃ elephant’s foot MN.i.176, MN.i.184; SN.i.86; SN.v.43, SN.v.231; and with numerals dvi˚ & di˚, catup˚, a …

padesa →

pts

indication, location, range, district; region, spot, place SN.ii.227, SN.ii.254 SN.v.201; AN.ii.167 (cattāro mahā˚); Dhp.127 (jagati˚), Dhp.303; Ja.ii.3, Ja.ii.158 (himavanta˚); Ja.iii.25 (id.), Ja.ii …

padhāna →

pts

exertion, energetic effort, striving, concentration of mind DN.iii.30 DN.iii.77, DN.iii.104, DN.iii.108, DN.iii.214, DN.iii.238; MN.ii.174, MN.ii.218; SN.i.47; SN.ii.268 SN.iv.360; SN.v.244 sq.; AN.ii …

padāletar →

pts

…breaker, in phrase mahato kāyassa padāletā the destroyer of a great body (or bulk) AN.i.284 sq. (in sequence dūre-pātin,…

palipa →

pts

fr. sloppiness, mud, marsh MN.i.45; Thag.89; Thag.2, Thag.291 (= panka Thag-a.224); Ja.iii.241 (read palipo cp. C. = mahākaddamo ibid.) = Ja.iv.480.

pa + lip

papada →

pts

(or Papadā?) tip of the foot. toes; but in diff. meaning (for papaṭā or papāta to pat) “falling down, abyss, pit” at Snp.665 (gloss for papaṭa; explained at Snp-a.479 by “mahāniraya”).

pa + pada

papitāmaha →

pts

paternal great-grandfather Dāvs iii.29.

pa + pitāmaha

paribrūhati →

pts

to augment, increase, do with zest Vv-a.115
caus -brūheti [cp. Sk. paribṛnhayati] to make strong, increase Ja.v.361 (aparibrūhayi aor. med. with a˚ neg., i.e. was weakened, lost his strength; bu …

pariccāga →

pts

  1. giving up, abandonment, sacrifice, renunciation AN.i.92 (āmisa˚ & dhamma material & spiritual); Pts.ii.98 Ja.i.12 (jīvita˚) Dhp-a.iii.441 (pañca mahāpariccāgā the five great sacrifices i.e. the gi …

parimajjaka →

pts

adjective touching, reaching (up to) Mil.343 (candasuriya˚, cp. Mvu II, candramasūrya-parimārjako maharddhiko etc.).

fr. pari + marj

parinibbāna →

pts

“complete Nibbāna” in two meanings:

  1. complete extinction of khandhalife; i.e. all possibility of such life & its rebirth, final release from (the misery of) rebirth and transmigration death (after …

parisā →

pts

…Vin.iii.12 (bhagavā mahatiyā parisāya parivuto surrounded by a great multitude); Vin.iv.153 (gen. parisāya); MN.i.153 (nevāpika˚);…

paritta →

pts

Paritta1

adjective small, little, inferior, insignificant limited, of no account, trifling Vin.i.270; DN.i.45; MN.iii.148 (˚ābha of limited splendour, opp. appamāṇ’ ābha); SN.ii.98; SN.iv. …

parivuta →

pts

surrounded by (-˚ or instr.) SN.i.177; Ja.i.152 (miga-gaṇa˚), Ja.i.203 (devagaṇena); Ja.ii.127 (dāsi-gaṇa˚); Ja.iii.371 (mahā-jana˚); Ja.vi.75; Vv.16#5 (= samantato p. Vv-a.81); Pv-a.3 (dhutta- …

parivāra →

pts

  1. surrounding, suite, retinue, followers, entourage, pomp Ja.i.151; Ja.iv.38; Ja.vi.75; Pv-a.21, Pv-a.30 (˚cāga-cetana, read pariccāga-cetana?); usually as adj.-˚ surrounded by, in company of …

patha →

pts

  1. path, road, way DN.i.63; Snp.176 (loc. pathe), Snp.385, Snp.540, Snp.868; Cnd.485 B (+ pantha, in expln of magga); Ja.i.308 (loc. pathe); Ja.ii.39; Ja.vi.525 (abl. pathā); Thag.64; Pp.2 …

patti →

pts

Patti1

on foot, one who is on foot, a foot-soldier Vin.iv.105 (as one of the 4 constituents of a senā or army, viz. hatthī elephants, assā horses, rathā chariots, pattī …

pavāraṇā →

pts

  1. the Pavāraṇā, a ceremony at the termination of the Vassa Vin.i.155, Vin.i.160 (where 2 kinds cātuddasikā & pannarasikā); Vin.ii.32. Vin.ii.167; DN.ii.220; SN.i.190. pavāraṇaṃ ṭhapeti to fix or de …

pañca →

pts

adjective noun masculine

Cases:
■ gen. dat. pañcannaṃ,
■ instr. abl pañcahi,
■ loc. pañcasu;
■ often used in compositional form pañca˚ (cp. Ved. pañcāra with 5 spokes RV i.16413; G …

pañña →

pts

(-˚) adjective of wisdom, endowed with knowledge or insight, possessed of the highest cognition, in foll. compounds: anissaraṇa˚ DN.i.245; SN.ii.194; SN.iv.332; anoma˚ Snp.343; appa˚ SN.i.198; Ja.ii. …

paññatā →

pts

having sense, wisdom AN.iii.421 (dup˚ = foolishness), AN.v.159 (id.); mahā˚, puthu˚ vipula˚ AN.i.45. See also paññatta2.

secondary abstract formation fr. paññā, in meaning equal to paññāṇa

paṇhin →

pts

adjective having heels DN.ii.17 (āyata˚ having projecting heels, the 3rd of the 32 characteristics of a Mahāpurisa).

fr. paṇhi

paṭaha →

pts

kettle-drum, war drum, one of the 2 kinds of drums (bheri) mentioned at Dhs-a.319, viz. mahā-bheri & p
■ bheri; Ja.i.355; Dpvs.16, Dpvs.14; Pv-a.4.

cp. Epic Sk. paṭaha, dial.

paṭhavī →

pts

the earth. Acc to Cnd.389 syn. with jagati. It figures as the first element in enumn of the 4 elements (see dhātu 1), viz p., āpo, tejo, vāyo (earth, water, fire, wind or …

paṭicca-samuppāda →

pts

Paṭicca-samuppāda

“arising on the grounds of (a preceding cause)” happening by way of cause working of cause & effect, causal chain of causation causal genesis, dependent origination, theory of the …

paṭigijjha →

pts

adjective greedy; hankering after Snp.675 (Snp-a.482 reads ˚giddha and explains by mahāgijjha).

paṭi + gijjha, a doublet of giddha, see gijjha2

paṭisaṃvedeti →

pts

to feel, experience, undergo, perceive DN.i.43, DN.i.45; AN.i.157 (domanassaṃ); AN.iv.406 (id.); Pp.59; Pv-a.192 (mahādukkhaṃ). There is also a by-form, viz. paṭisaṃvediyati SN.ii.18, SN.ii.75, SN …

paṭṭhāna →

pts

setting forth, putting forward; only in cpd. sati˚; setting up of mindfulness (q.v. and see discussion of term at Dial ii.324) Besides in later lit. meaning “origin,” starting point cause, in titl …

peta →

pts

…Pv-a.217. [Cp. BSk. pretamahardhika Divy.14]
■ f. petī Vin.iv.20; Ja.i.240; Pv.i.6#2; Pv-a.67 and passim. Vimānapetī Pv-a.47,…

phala →

pts

…(dāna˚); Pv.iv.1#88 (mahap˚ & agga˚); Vism.345 (of food, being digested); Pv-a.8 (puñña˚ & dāna˚), Pv-a.22 (sotāpatti˚), Pv-a.24…

phoṭeti →

pts

to shake, toss (or thunder?) only at two places in similar formula, viz. devatā sādhukāraṃ adaṃsu, brahmāno apphoṭesuṃ (variant reading appoṭh˚) Mil.13 Mil.18; Sakko devarājā appoṭhesi (variant readin …

phāsukā →

pts

rib, only in pl. phāsukā Vin.i.74 (upaḍḍha˚ bhañjitabbā), in phrase sabbā te phāsukā bhaggā Ja.i.493 (lit.), which is fig. applied at Dhp.154 (explained as “sabbā avasesa-kiles …

pisāca →

pts

…DN-a.i.164 as “pisācā mahanta-mahantā sattā ti vadati”), DN.i.93; SN.i.209; AN.iii.69; Ud.5; Ja.i.235; Ja.iv.495 (yakkha p. peta);…

pitar →

pts

father
Cases: sg. nom. pitā SN.i.182; Dhp.43; Ja.v.379; Snp-a.423; acc. pitaraṃ Dhp.294; pituṃ Cp.ii.9#3; instr. pitarā Ja.iii.37, pitunā, petyā Ja.v.214; dat. gen. pitu MN.iii.176; …

porisa →

pts

Porisa1

adjective noun

  1. (adj.) human, fit for a man Snp.256 (porisa dhura), cp. porisiya & poroseyya.
  2. (m.) = purisa esp. in sense of purisa 2, i.e. servant, used collectively (abstra …

pura →

pts

*Pura

base of adv. & prep. denoting “before”; abl. purato (adv. & prep. in front of (with gen.), before (only local) Vin.i.179 Vin.ii.32; DN.ii.14 (mātu); SN.i.137; Pv.i.11#1, Pv …

purisa →

pts

man (as representative of the male sex, contrasted to itthi woman, e.g. at AN.iii.209; AN.iv.197; Ja.i.90; Ja.v.72; Pv-a.51). Definitions of the C. are “puriso nāma manussa-puriso …

puthu →

pts

…Snp-a.460); Vv.62#4 (= mahantaṃ Vv-a.258).

  • -gumba experienced in many crafts Ja.vi.448 (= aneka-sippa-ññu C.). *…

puñña →

pts

merit meritorious action, virtue. Always represented as foundation and condition of heavenly rebirth & a future blissful state, the enjoyment (& duration) of which depends on the amount of merit accum …

pāgusa →

pts

certain kind of fish Ja.iv.70 (as gloss, T. reads pāvusa, SS puṭusa, BB pātusa & pāvuma; C. explains as mahā-mukha-maccha).

cp. Sk. vāgusa, a sort of large fish Halāyudha 3, 37

pākāra →

pts

an encircling wall, put up for obstruction and protection, a fence rampart Vin.ii.121 (3 kinds: made of bricks, of stone or of wood, viz. iṭṭhakā˚, silā, dāru˚); Vin.iv.266 (id.) MN.iii.11; SN.iv.194 …

pāmokkha →

pts

adjective

  1. chief, first, excellent eminent, (m.) a leader
    ■ AN.ii.168 (sanga sa˚); Pp.69 Pp.70; Mil.75 (hatthi˚ state elephant). disā˚ worldfamed Ja.i.166, Ja.i.285; Ja.ii.278; Ja.vi.347

pāṇa →

pts

living being, life, creature DN.iii.48, DN.iii.63, DN.iii.133; SN.i.209, SN.i.224; SN.v.43, SN.v.227, SN.v.441 (mahā-samudde); AN.i.161 AN.ii.73, AN.ii.176, AN.ii.192; Snp.117, Snp.247, Snp.394, Snp. …

rahita →

pts

  1. lonely, forsaken Thig.373 (gantum icchasi rahitaṃ bhiṃsanakaṃ mahāvanaṃ).
  2. deprived of, without (-˚) Ja.iii.369 (buddhiyā rahitā sattā); DN-a.i.36 (avaṇṇa˚); Pv-a.63 (bhoga˚), Pv-a.67 (ācāra˚ …

rajakkha →

pts

(-˚) adjective only in combination with appa˚ and mahā˚; i.e. having little (or no) and much defilement (or blemish of character) MN.i.169; SN.i.137 (here further combined with ˚jātika; cp. BSk. …

rasa →

pts

Rasa1

that which is connected with the sense of taste. The defn given at Vism.447 is as follows “jivhā-paṭihanana-lakkhaṇo raso, jivhā-viññāṇassa visaya-bhāvo raso, tass’ ev …

rata →

pts

delighting in (loc. or-˚), intent on, devoted to SN.iv.117 (dhamme jhāne), SN.iv.389 sq. (bhava etc.); Snp.54 (sangaṇika˚), Snp.212, Snp.250, Snp.327, Snp.330 (dhamme), Snp.461 (yaññe), Snp.737 (upas …

ratana →

pts

Ratana1

neuter

  1. (lit.) a gem, jewel Vv-a.321 (not = ratana2, as Hardy in Index) Pv-a.53 (nānāvidhāni)
    ■ The 7 ratanas are enumerated under veḷuriya (Mil.267). They are …

ratha →

pts

Ratha1

a two-wheeled carriage, chariot (for riding driving or fighting SN.i.33 (ethically); AN.iv.191 (horse cart; diff. parts of a ratha); MN.i.396; Snp.300, Snp.654 Vism.593 (in its com …

ravati →

pts

to shout cry, make a (loud) noise Mil.254
aor ravi Ja.i.162 (baddha-rāvaṃ ravi); Ja.ii.110; Ja.iii.102; Pv-a.100; arāvi Mhvs.10, Mhvs.69 (mahā-rāvaṃ); and aravi Mhvs.32, Mhv …

reṇu →

pts

  1. dust; pl. reṇū particles of dust
    ■ Vin.i.32 (˚hatā bhūmi); Vism.338 = Mnd.505 = Ja.i.117 (rāgo rajo na ca pana reṇu vuccati); Ja.iv.362 (okiṇṇā raja-reṇūhi; C. explains by “paṃsūhi”); Mil.274 …

rukkha →

pts

…ucca, nīca, khuddaka, mahanto; kāḷa seta
■ A very complete list of trees mentioned in the Saṃyutta Nikāya is to be found in the…

rājan →

pts

…viz. “aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga pahūta-jātarūpa-rajata pahūta-vitt’ ûpakaraṇa pahūtadhana-dhañña…

rājā →

pts

…viz. “aḍḍha mahaddhana mahābhoga pahūta-jātarūpa-rajata pahūta-vitt’ ûpakaraṇa pahūtadhana-dhañña…

rāva →

pts

crying, howling; shout, noise Ja.i.162 (baddha˚ the cry of one who is caught); Ja.iv.415 (id.); Ja.vi.475 (of the cries of animals, known to an expert); Mil.254 (bherava-rāvaṃ abhiravati); Mhvs.10, M …

rūpa →

pts

form, figure, appearance, principle of form, etc.

  1. Definitions. According to P. expositors rūpa takes its designation fr. ruppati, e.g. “ruppanato rūpaṃ” Vism.588; “ruppan’ a …

sabba →

pts

adjective whole, entire all, every DN.i.4; SN.iv.15; Vin.i.5; Iti.3; Cnd. s.v., nom pl. sabbe Snp.66; gen. pl. sabbesaṃ Snp.1030
■ nt sabbaṃ the (whole) world of sense-experience SN.iv.15 cp. …

sakaṭa →

pts

Sakaṭa1

masculine & neuter a cart, waggon; a cartload DN.ii.110; Vin.iii.114; Ja.i.191; Mil.238; Pv-a.102; Vb-a.435 (simile of two carts); Snp-a.58 (udaka-bharita˚), Snp-a.137 (bīja˚) …

sammata →

pts

  1. considered as MN.i.39; SN.ii.15; SN.iv.127; DN.iii.89 (dhamma˚); Vin.iv.161, Vin.iv.295
  2. honoured, revered MN.ii.213; Ja.i.49; Ja.v.79; sādhusammata considered, revered, as good DN.i.47; SN.iv.39 …

samudda →

pts

(large) quantity of water, e.g. the Ganges; the sea the ocean DN.i.222; MN.i.493; AN.i.243; AN.ii.48 sq. AN.iii.240; DN.iii.196, DN.iii.198; SN.i.6, SN.i.32, SN.i.67; Ja.i.230; Ja.iv.167 Ja.iv.172; Dh …

samāhata →

pts

hit, struck Snp.153 (ayosanku˚); Mil.181, Mil.254, Mil.304. Sankusamāhata name of a purgatory MN.i.337.

saṃ + āhata

samāpatti →

pts

attainment AN.iii.5; SN.ii.150 sq.; SN.iv.293 (saññā-vedayita-nirodha˚); Dhs.30 Dhs.101; a stage of meditation AN.i.94; Dhs.1331; Ja.i.343 Ja.i.473; Pv-a.61 (mahā-karuṇā˚); Mnd.100, Mnd.106, Mnd.1 …

sandhi →

pts

  1. union, junction Mil.330 (of 2 roads); Bdhgh on SN.ii.270 (between 2 houses).
  2. breach, break, hole, chasm DN.ii.83 = AN.v.195; Thag.786; Ja.v.459. āloka˚; a window Vin.ii.172; sandhiṃ chindati

santuṭṭha →

pts

pleased, happy DN.i.60, DN.i.71; MN.ii.6; AN.ii.209; AN.iv.232 sq.; AN.v.25, AN.v.67, AN.v.130, AN.v.154. mahā˚ the greatly contented one, the Arahant Dhs-a.407.

pp. of santussati

sara →

pts

Sara1

  1. the reed Saccharum sara Mil.342.
  2. an arrow (orig. made of that reed) DN.i.9; Dhp.304; Mil.396; Dhp-a.216 (visa-pīta).

satta →

pts

Satta1

hanging, clinging or attached to Vin.i.185; DN.ii.246; Mnd.23, Mnd.24; Dhp.342; Ja.i.376 Cp. āsatta1 & byāsatta.

pp. of sañj: sajjati

Satta2

  1. (m.) a li …

saṅgīti →

pts

  1. a song, chorus, music Ja.i.32 (dibba˚); Ja.vi.528 (of birds).
  2. proclamation (cp. sangara), rehearsal, general convocation of the Buddhist clergy in order to settle questions of doctrine and to fi …

saṅku →

pts

stake, spike; javelin MN.i.337; SN.iv.168; Ja.vi.112; Dhp-a.i.69
ayo˚; an iron stake AN.iv.131.

  • -patha a path full of stakes & sticks Vv.84#11; Ja.iii.485 Ja.iii.541; Mil …

seda →

pts

sweat DN.ii.293; AN.ii.67 sq. Iti.76; Snp.196; Ja.i.118, Ja.i.138, Ja.i.146, Ja.i.243; in detaiḷ (physiologically) at Vism.262, Vism.360; Vb-a.66, Vb-a.245 sweating for medicinal purposes, mahā˚ a g …

senā →

pts

an army Vin.i.241; Vin.iv.104 sq. (where described as consisting of hatthī assā, rathā, pattī), Vin.iv.160; SN.i.112; AN.iii.397; AN.v.82; Ja.ii.94; Mil.4; Mnd.95 (Māra˚), Mnd.174 (id.).

  • *-[gutta] …

serīsamaha →

pts

festival in honour of the Serīsaka Vimāna Vv.8437, 53

sikkhāpada →

pts

set of precepts, “preceptorial,” code of training; instruction, precept, rule

  1. in general: DN.i.63, DN.i.146, DN.i.250; MN.i.33; AN.i.63, AN.i.235 sq. AN.ii.14, AN.ii.250 sq.; AN.iii.113, AN.iii.26 …

sobbha →

pts

hole, (deep) pit DN.ii.127; MN.i.11; AN.i.243; AN.ii.140; AN.iii.389 (see papāta); AN.v.114 sq. Ja.vi.166; Thag.229; Snp-a.355, Snp-a.479; a water-pool SN.ii.32; Snp.720; Vism.1 …

sunakha →

pts

dog AN.i.48; AN.ii.122; Thig.509; Ja.i.175, Ja.i.189; Ja.ii.128, Ja.ii.246; Pv-a.151, Pv-a.206
rukkha˚ some sort of animal Ja.vi.538. fem. sunakhī a bitch Ja.iv.400
■ Na …

supina →

pts

dream, vision DN.i.9, DN.i.54; SN.i.198; SN.iv.117 (supine in a dream; variant reading supinena); Snp.360, Snp.807, Snp.927 Mnd.126; Ja.i.334 sq., Ja.i.374; Ja.v.42; DN-a.i.92, DN-a.i.164; Vv.44#14 …

sāmuddika →

pts

adjective seafaring DN.i.222; SN.iii.155; AN.iii.368 (vāṇijā); AN.iv.127 (nāvā); Vism.63; Dhs-a.320 At Ja.vi.581 s
■ mahāsankha denotes a kind of trumpet.

fr. samudda

sāra →

pts

  1. essential, most excellent, strong AN.ii.110; Vin.iv.214; Ja.iii.368; Pp.53.
  2. (m.) the innermost, hardest part of anything, the heart or pith of a tree (see also pheggu) MN.i.1 …

sāvajja →

pts

adjective blameable, faulty DN.i.163; DN.ii.215; MN.i.119; SN.v.66, SN.v.104 sq.; Snp.534; Pp.30, Pp.41 (nt.) what is censurable, sin Ja.i.130; Mil.392; Vb-a.382 (mahā˚ or appa˚, with ref. to var. cr …

sāvaka →

pts

hearer, disciple (never an Arahant) DN.i.164; DN.ii.104; DN.iii.47, DN.iii.52, DN.iii.120 sq., DN.iii.133; AN.i.88; MN.i.234; SN.ii.26; Iti.75 sq., Iti.79; Ja.i.229; Vism.214, Vism.411
■ fem *[sāvik …

sīla →

pts

  1. nature, character, habit behaviour; usually as-˚ in adj. function “being of such a nature,” like, having the character of…, e.g. adāna˚; of stingy character, illiberal Snp.244; Pv-a.68 (+ macc …

sūkara →

pts

hog, pig Vin.i.200; DN.i.5; AN.ii.42 (kukkuṭa +), AN.ii.209; Iti.36; Ja.i.197 (muṇika); Ja.ii.419 (Sālūka); Ja.iii.287 (Cullatuṇḍila Mahā-tuṇḍila); Mil.118, Mil.267; Vb-a.11 (vara-sayane sayāpita) …

taṇhā →

pts

(lit.) drought, thirst; (fig.) craving, hunger for, excitement the fever of unsatisfied longing (c. loc.: kabaḷinkāre āhāre “thirst” for solid food SN.ii.101 sq.; cīvare piṇḍapāte taṇhā = greed for Sn …

thera →

pts

only used with ref. to the bhikkhus of Gotama Buddha’s community
(adj.) senior Vin.i.47, Vin.i.290 (th. bhikkhū opp. navā bh.), Vin.i.159 (th bhikkhu a senior bh. opp. to navaka bh. a novice), Vin.i …

thāma →

pts

…Dhs.13, Dhs.22; Vism.233 (˚mahatta); Dhp-a.iv.18; Pv-a.259
■ Instr. used as adv.: thāmena hard, very much Pv-a.193; thāmasā

tidasa →

pts

number thirty (cp. tiṃsa), esp. the thirty deities (pl.) or belonging to them (adj.). It is the round figure for 33, and is used as equivalent to tāvatiṃsa. Nandanaṃ rammaṃ tidasānaṃ mahāvanaṃ Pv.iii. …

tumba →

pts

  1. a kind of water vessel (udaka DN-a.i.202), made of copper, wood or a fruit (like a calabash, cocoanut, etc., cp. kaṭāha, E. skull) Vin.i.205 (loha˚, kaṭṭha˚, phala˚); Vin.ii.114 (˚kaṭāha of gourd) …

tāva →

pts

…gold Vin.i.209; t
■ mahanto so much Ja.i.207; t. madhuraphala with such sweet fruit Ja.ii.105; asītiyā tāva kimi-kulānaṃ…

tāvataka →

pts

adjective just so much or just so long (viz. as the situation requires), with (or ellipt. without a corresp. yāvataka Vin.i.83 (yāvatake-t. as many as) DN.ii.18 (yāvatakv’ assa kāyo tāvatakv’ assa vy …

ucca →

pts

…Ja.iv.115, Ja.iv.363 (= mahaggha-samaggha C. p. 366); Snp.703, Snp.714, Snp.792, Snp.959; Dhp.83; Mnd.93, Mnd.467; Vv.12#1 (vividha Vv-a.60);…

uccā →

pts

˚- adverb high (lit. & fig.), raised, in foll. compounds.

  • -kaṇerukā a tall female elephant MN.i.178.
  • -kāḷārikā id. MN.i.178 (variant reading ˚kaḷārikā to be preferred).
  • *-[kula](/define …

uddaya →

pts

Uddaya1

gain, advantage, profit Vv.84#7 (see udaya); Ja.v.39 (satt˚-mahāpaduma of profit to beings?).

a (metric?) variant of udaya

Uddaya2

in compounds *d …

uddha FIXME double →

pts

Uddhaṃ & Uddha˚

(indecl.) high up, on top, above (adv. & prep.)
■ On uddhaṃ in spatial, temporal, ethical & psychological application see in detail Cnd.155.

I. (adv.)

  1. (of space) up a …

uddhagga →

pts

adjective

  1. standing on end (lit. with raised point). bristling, of the hair of a Mahāpurisa DN.ii.18 = DN.iii.144, DN.iii.154.
  2. prominent, conspicuous Ja.iv.345 (˚rājin having prominent stripes, …

uddhaṃ →

pts

Uddhaṃ & Uddha˚

(indecl.) high up, on top, above (adv. & prep.)
■ On uddhaṃ in spatial, temporal, ethical & psychological application see in detail Cnd.155.

I. (adv.)

  1. (of space) up a …

ujjagghati →

pts

to laugh at, deride, mock, make fun of Vin.iii.128; Thig.74 (spelt jjh = hasati Thag-a.78); AN.iii.91 (ujjh˚, variant reading ujj˚) = Pp.67 (= pāṇiṃ paharitvā mahāhasitaṃ hasati Pp-a.249).

ud + jagghati

ukkhā →

pts

? in ukkhasataṃ dānaṃ, given at various times of the day (meaning ἑκατόμβη?) SN.ii.264 (variant reading ukkā). Or is it to be read ukhāsataṃ d. i.e. consisting of 100 pots (of rice = mahā danaṃ?). S A …

ullumpati →

pts

to take up, to help (with acc.), to save Vin.ii.277; DN.i.249.

ud + lup, cp. BSk. ullumpati Mahāvy § 268

upanidhāya →

pts

indeclinable comparing in comparison, as prep. w. acc. “compared with” MN.i.374; MN.iii.177 (Himavantaṃ pabbatarājānaṃ); SN.ii.133 (mahāpaṭhaviṃ), SN.ii.262; SN.v.457 (Sineru-pabbata-rājānaṃ) AN.iii …

upavana →

pts

kind of wood, miniature wood, park Ja.iv.431; Ja.v.249; Mil.1; Vv-a.170 (= vana), Vv-a.344; Thag-a.201; Pv-a.102 (ārām˚), Pv-a.177 (mahā˚).

upa + vana, see upa 5

urūḷhava →

pts

…(variant reading brahmanto) mahantaṃ yuddha-kiccaṃ vahituṃ samatthā ti attho“. The BSk. udviddha (Divy.7) may possibly be a corruption…

ussada →

pts

this word is beset with difficulties, the phrase satt-ussada is applied in all kinds of meanings, evidently the result of an original application & meaning having become obliterated satt˚ is taken as …

ussanna →

pts

adjective

  1. overflowing, heaped up, crowded; extensive, abundant, preponderant, excessive, full of (˚-) Vin.i.285 (cīvaraṃ u. overstocked; Vin.ii.270 (āmisaṃ too abundant); Vin.iii.286 Thig.444 (= …

ussaṅkha →

pts

adjective with ankles midway (?) in -pāda the 7th of the characteristics of a Mahāpurisa DN.ii.17; DN.iii.143, DN.iii.154; DA explains: the ankles are not over the heels, but midway in t …

ussussati →

pts

to dry up (intrs.) SN.i.126; SN.iii.149 (mahāsamuddo u.); Snp.985; Ja.vi.195.

ud + sussati of śuṣ

ussādana →

pts

  1. overflowing, piling up, abundance MN.iii.230 (opp. apasādana).
  2. (probably confused with ussāraṇa) tumult, uproar, confusion AN.iii.91, AN.iii.92 (variant reading ussāraṇa) = Pp.66 (= hatthiassara …

uttama →

pts

adjective “ut-most”, highest, greatest, best Snp.1054 (dhammaṃ uttamaṃ the highest ideal = Nibbāna for which seṭṭhan Snp.1064; cp. Cnd.317); Dhp.56; Mnd.211; Cnd.502 (in paraphrase of mahā combd …

uḷāra →

pts

…seṭṭhaṃ (best), mahantaṃ (great) Vin.iii.41 (˚bhoga); DN.i.96; MN.iii.38 (˚bhogatā); SN.v.159; Snp.53, Snp.58, Snp.301; Cnd.170;…

uṇṇa →

pts

Uṇṇā (f.)

  1. wool AN.iii.37 = AN.iv.265 (+ kappāsā cotton) Ja.ii.147; Snp-a.263 (patt˚).
  2. hair between the eyebrows Snp.1022, & in stock phrase, describing one of the 32 signs of a Mahāpurisa, …

vaddhavya →

pts

(old) age Ja.ii.137 (= vuddhabhāva, mahallakatā C.).

fr. vaddha1 1

vaha →

pts

(-˚)

  1. bringing, carrying, leading Pv.i.5#8 (vāri˚ river = mahānadī Pv-a.29); SN.i.103; Pv-a.13 (anattha˚). Doubtful in hetu- vahe Pv.ii.8#5, better with variant reading -vaco, explained by …

vana →

pts

…nāma); Dhp-a.iii.424 (mahantā rukkhā vanaṃ nāma, khuddakā tasmiṃ vane ṭhitattā vanathā nāma etc., with further…

vasa →

pts

…account of, because“ e.g. mahaggha-vasena mahāraha “costly on account of its great worth” Pv-a.77; cp. Ja.i.94; Pv-a.36 (putta˚);…

vassa →

pts

  1. rain, shower Ja.iv.284; Ja.vi.486 (khaṇika sudden rain); Mil.307; Mhvs.21, Mhvs.31; Dhp-a.iii.163 (pokkhara˚ portentous); Snp-a.224 (mahā˚ deluge of rain); Pv-a.55 (vāta˚ wind & rain)
    ■ fig …

vassati →

pts

Vassati1

to rain (intrs.), fig to shower, pour(down) Vin.i.32 (mahāmegho vassi) SN.iii.141 (deve vassante); SN.v.396 (id.); Snp.30 (devassa vassato, gen. sg. ppr.); Pv-a.6, Pv-a.139, Pv\ …

vatta →

pts

Vatta1

neuter

  1. that which is done, which goes on or is customary, i.e. duty, service, custom, function Vin.ii.31; Snp.294, Snp.393 (gahaṭṭha˚) Vism.188 (cetiy’ angaṇa˚ etc.); Dhp-a.i.9 …

vaḍḍhaki →

pts

(& ) a carpenter builder, architect, mason. On their craft and guilds see Fick, Sociale Gliederung 181 sq.; Mrs. Rh. D Cambridge Hist. Ind. i.206
■ The word is specially characteristic of t …

vaṇṇavant →

pts

adjective beautiful AN.iv.240 (cātummahārājikā devā dīgh’āyukā vaṇṇavanto; variant reading ˚vantā) Pp.34; Pv.iii.2#12 (= rūpasampanna Pv-a.184); Dhp-a.i.383.

fr. vaṇṇa

vedalla →

pts

…= DN-a.i.24
Note. The 2nd part of the word looks like a distortion fr. ariya (cp. mahalla → mah ariya). Or might it be =…

vibhava →

pts

  1. power, wealth, prosperity DN-a.i.147; Ja.i.56; Ja.v.285; Mhvs.26, Mhvs.6; Dhp-a.i.6; Dhp-a.ii.9, Dhp-a.ii.84 Dhp-a.iv.7; Vv-a.5, Vv-a.302 (˚sampanna rich); Pv-a.122, Pv-a.130, Pv-a.176 Pv …

vikaṭa →

pts

changed, altered, distorted; disgusting, foul, filthy Pgdp.63 (˚ānana with filthy mouth)-nt. filth, dirt; four mahā-vikaṭāni applied against snake-bite, viz., gūtha, mutta, chārikā, mattikā Vin.i.2 …

vikāra →

pts

  1. change, alteration, in mahā˚; great change Vism.366, Vism.367 (of two kinds: anupādiṇṇa upādiṇṇa, or primary & secondary, i.e. the first caused by kappa-vuṭṭhāna, the second by dhātu-kkhobha) K …

vilokana →

pts

looking, reflection, investigation, prognostication usually as 5 objects of reflection as to when & where & how one shall be reborn (pañca-mahā-˚āni), consisting in kāla, desa, dīpa, kula, mātā (t …

vimāna →

pts

…= vigata-māne appamāṇe mahanta vara-pāsāda Vv-a.131; = visiṭṭhamānaṃ, pamāṇato mahantaṃ Vv-a.160
■ applied meaning:…

vipassanā →

pts

inward vision, insight, intuition, introspection DN.iii.213, DN.iii.273; SN.iv.195, SN.iv.360; SN.v.52 (samatha +) AN.i.61 (id.), AN.i.95; AN.ii.140, AN.ii.157 (samatha +); AN.iv.360; AN.v.99, AN.v. …

vipphāra →

pts

diffusion, pervasion, (adj.) pervading, spreading out AN.i.171 (vitakka-vip phāra-sadda, cp. kvu translation 241), AN.i.206 (mahājutika mahā vipphāra); AN.iv.252; Pts.i.112 sq.; Pts.ii.174; Ja.iii …

vipphārika →

pts

adjective spreading out (in effulgence) Vv-a.5 (mahā˚).

fr. vi + pharati 2

vipula →

pts

…(= adhimatta); Vv.67#6 (= mahanta Vv-a.290) Tha-ap.40; Pv.ii.1#18; Pv.ii.4#9; Pv.ii.9#69 (= ulāra Pv-a.139); Mil.164, Mil.311, Mil.404;…

viravati →

pts

  1. to shout (out), to cry aloud; to utter a cry or sound (of animals) Ja.ii.350 (kikī sakuṇo viravi); Ja.v.206; Mhvs.12, Mhvs.49 (mahārāvaṃ viraviṃsu mahājanā); Pv-a.154, Pv-a.217, Pv-a.245 (vissar …

visaya →

pts

  1. locality, spot, region; world, realm, province, neighbourhood Snp.977. Often in foll. combinations: petti˚; (or pitti˚) and pettika
    1. the world of the manes or petas MN.i.73; SN.iii.224; SN …

vitakka →

pts

reflection, thought, thinking; “initial application” (Cpd. 282)
■ defined as “vitakkanaṃ vitakko, ūhanan ti vuttaṃ hoti” at Vism.142 (with simile on p. 143, comparing vitakka with vicāra kumbhakār …

viyoga →

pts

separation Ja.vi.482; Mhvs.19, Mhvs.16 (Mahābodhi˚); Pv-a.160, Pv-a.161 (pati˚ from her husband) Sdhp.77, Sdhp.164.

vi + yoga 2

viññāṇa →

pts

(as special term in Buddhist metaphysics) a mental quality as a constituent of individuality, the bearer of (individual) life, life-force (as extending also over rebirths), principle of conscious lif …

vohārika →

pts

“decider,” one connected with a law-suit or with the law, magistrate, a higher official (mahāmatta) in the law-courts, a judge or justice. At Vin.i.74 two classes of mahāmattā (ministers) are give …

vuddha →

pts

vuddha MN.ii.168; Ja.v.140; Snp.p.108 (+ mahallaka); DN-a.i.283.

pp. of vaḍḍhati

vuḍḍha →

pts

vuddha MN.ii.168; Ja.v.140; Snp.p.108 (+ mahallaka); DN-a.i.283.

pp. of vaḍḍhati

vyāvaṭa →

pts

adjective doing service, active, busy; eager, keen intent on (loc.), busy with AN.iv.195 (mayi = worrying about me); Ja.iii.315 (su˚); Ja.iv.371 (kiccâkiccesu v. uyyatta C.); Ja.v.395 (= ussukka); Ja. …

vādin →

pts

adjective (-˚) speaking (of), saying, asserting, talking; professing, holding a view or doctrine; arguing. Abs. only at AN.ii.138 (cattāro vādī four kinds of disputants); Snp.382 (ye vā pi c’aññe vād …

vāsin →

pts

Vāsin1

adjective (-˚) clothed in, clad Snp.456 (sanghāṭi˚), Snp.487 (kāsāya˚); Pv.iii.1#6 (sāhunda˚); Ja.iii.22 (nantaka˚); Ja.iv.380 (rumma˚); f. vāsinī Vin.iii.139 ( …

vāta →

pts

wind. There exists a common distinction of winds into 2 groups: “internal and “external” winds, or the ajjhattikā vāyo-dhātu (wind category), and the bāhirā. They are discussed at Vb.84, quoted a …

vāyati →

pts

Vāyati1

to weave, only in pp. vāyita
pass viyyati Vin.iii.259. pp. also vīta
caus 2 vāyāpeti to cause to be woven Vin.iii.2 …

vīra →

pts

manly, mighty, heroic; a hero SN.i.137; Snp.44 Snp.165 (not dhīra), Snp.642, Snp.1096, Snp.1102; Thag.736 (nara˚ hero) Cnd.609; Dhp-a.iv.225
mahā˚; a hero SN.i.110, SN.i.193 SN.iii.83 (of the …

ya →

pts

Ya˚

I. Forms

(See inflection also at Geiger, P.Gr. § 110.) The decl. is similar to that of ta˚ among the more rarely found forms we only mention the foll.
■ sg. nom. m. *[yo](/define/y …

yagghe →

pts

indeclinable hortative part, used in addressing a (superior) person in the voc., followed by Pot. of jānāti, either 2nd jāneyyāsi, or 3rd sg. jāneyya; to be trsld some …

yajati →

pts

…DN.i.138 (mahayaññaṃ); Snp.506; SN.i.233; Ja.vi.502, Ja.vi.505
imper 3rd sg. yajatu DN-a.i.297; med….

yasa →

pts

…cp. Ja.i.134 (rājā mahantena yasena uppanaṃ gacchati)
■ DN.i.137 (as quality of a king); DN.iii.260, DN.iii.286; Ja.iv.275 sq….

yaso →

pts

…cp. Ja.i.134 (rājā mahantena yasena uppanaṃ gacchati)
■ DN.i.137 (as quality of a king); DN.iii.260, DN.iii.286; Ja.iv.275 sq….

yañña →

pts

  1. a brahmanic sacrifice.
  2. alms-giving charity, a gift to the Sangha or a bhikkhu.

The brahmanic ritual of Vedic times has been given a changed and deeper meaning. Buddhism has discarded the outwa …

yebhuyya →

pts

abundant, numerous, most. Not found as adj. by itself, except in phrase yebhuyya-vasena mostly, as a rule Thag-a.51 and Pv-a.136, which is identical with the usual instr. *[yebhuyyena](/define/ye …

yiṭṭha →

pts

med. having sacrificed DN.i.138 (mahā-yaññaṃ y. rājā)
pass.: sacrificed, (nt.) sacrifice DN.i.55 (dinna, y huta); explained at DN-a.i.165 by “mahāyāga” Vb.328 (id.); Ja.i …

yogga →

pts

Yogga1

neuter “what may be yoked,” i.e.

  1. a coach, carriage, waggon (usually large & covered, drawn by bullocks) Ja.vi.31 sq. (paṭicchanna), Ja.vi.368 (mahā˚) Dhp-a.ii.151 (mahā˚ & paṭi …

yuga →

pts

  1. the yoke of a plough (usually) or a carriage Dhp-a.i.24 (yugaṃ gīvaṃ bādhati presses on the neck); Pv-a.127 (ratha˚); Sdhp.468 (of a carriage) Also at Snp.834 in phrase dhonena yugaṃ samāgamā w …

yujjhati →

pts

to fight, make war. Rare in older literature our refs. only from the Mahāvaṃsa; e.g. 22, 82 (fut yujjhissāma, with instr.: Damiḷehi); 25, 23 (aor ayujjhi); 25, 58 (ppr. yujjhamāna); 33, 41 (aor. yuj …

yādisa →

pts

… ■ Pv.ii.1#19 (= yāva mahanto Pv-a.77)
■ Often combined with kīdisa in meaning “any one, this or that,…

yāga →

pts

  1. A (brahmanic) sacrifice, known otherwise as mahāyāga (or pl ˚yāgā), and consisting of the 4: assamedha, purisamedha sammāpāsa, vāja-peyya. Thus mentioned at SN.i.76 & Snp.3 …

yāna →

pts

  1. going, proceeding Ja.vi.415 (+ ayāna, opposed to ṭhāna).
  2. means of motion, carriage, vehicle. Different kinds of carriages are enumerated at Mnd.145 (on Snp.816) with hatthi˚; (elephant-), *g …

yāva →

pts

…(mahantaṃ), e.g. yāva mahantaṃ how big Pv-a.77 (= yādisaṃ of Pv.ii.1#19) Vv-a.325 = Dhp-a.i.29 (yāva mahantaṃ). Also in other…

yāvant →

pts

…c
■ The form yāva mahantaṃ may originally have been a yāvaṃ m.) as yāvañ ca “and that,” “i.e.,” how much, however much,…

ā →

pts

…all kinds of existences Snp.801, cp. Mnd.109; Cnd.664; Thag.784 (˚esu = mahant-âmahantesu bh. C., see Brethren 305);…

ācariya →

pts

teacher (almost syn. with upajjhāya) Vin.i.60, Vin.i.61, Vin.i.119 (˚upajjhāya); Vin.ii.231; Vin.iv.130 (gaṇo vā ācariyo a meeting of the bhikkhus or a single teacher cp. f. āca …

ānisaṃsa →

pts

praise i.e. that which is commendable, profit, merit, advantage good result, blessing in or from (c. loc.). There are five ānisaṃsā sīlavato sīla-sampadāya or blessings which accrue to the virtuous …

ānubhāva →

pts

…majesty, splendour Ja.i.69 (mahanto); Ja.ii.102 (of a jewel), Ja.v.491; Dhp-a.ii.58.

the dissociated composition form of anubhāva, q.v. for…

āpa →

pts

Āpa & Āpo

neuter water; philosophically t. t. for cohesion, representative of one of the 4 great elements (cp. mahābhūta), viz. paṭhavī, āpo, tejo vāyo: see Cpd. 268 & Dhs trsl. 201, also below …

āpo →

pts

Āpa & Āpo

neuter water; philosophically t. t. for cohesion, representative of one of the 4 great elements (cp. mahābhūta), viz. paṭhavī, āpo, tejo vāyo: see Cpd. 268 & Dhs trsl. 201, also below …

āyata →

pts

  1. (adj.) outstretched, extended, long, in length (with numeral) DN.iii.73 (ñātikkhaya, prolonged or heavy?); MN.i.178 (dīghato ā˚; tiriyañ ca vitthata); Ja.i.77, Ja.i.273 (tettiṃs’-angul’āyato khagg …

ḍahati →

pts

(& dahati) to burn (trs.) consume, torment MN.i.365; MN.ii.73 AN.v.110; Ja.ii.44 (aor. 3 sg. med. adaḍḍha = Sk. adagdha) Dhp.31, Dhp.71, Dhp.140; Mil.45, Mil.112 (cauterize). Pp. *[daḍḍha](/define/daḍ …

ṭhita →

pts

standing, i.e. (see ṭhāna I) either upright (opp nisinna, etc.), or immovable, or being, behaving in general. In the latter function often (with ger. pleonastic for finite verb (cp. …

ṭhāna →

pts

(ṭṭhāna) neuter

I. Connotation

As one of the 4 iriyāpathā (behaviours)

  1. contrasted (a) as standing position with sitting or reclining (b) as rest with motion.
  2. by itself without parti …